Stem-loop sequence xtr-mir-137-2

DescriptionXenopus tropicalis miR-137-2 stem-loop
Gene family MIPF0000106; mir-137
Community annotation

This text is a summary paragraph taken from the Wikipedia entry entitled Mir-137. miRBase and Rfam are facilitating community annotation of microRNA families and entries in Wikipedia. Read more ...

In molecular biology, miR-137 (or microRNA-137) is a short non-coding RNA molecule that functions to regulate the expression levels of other genes by various mechanisms. miR-137 is located on human chromosome 1p22 and has been implicated to act as a tumor suppressor in several cancer types including colorectal cancer, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma via cell cycle control. Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have provided evidence to suggest that single nucleotide polymorphisms in the vicinity of the MIR137 gene are statistically associated with schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders. miR-137 is shown to regulate neural stem cell proliferation and differentiation in mouse embryonic stem cells, and neuronal maturation, including regulation of dendrite length, branch points, end points, and spine density in mouse adult hippocampal neuroprogenitor-derived and mouse fetal hippocampus neurons. Decreased spine density has also been observed in the dorsolateral cortex of patients with schizophrenia. miR-137 belongs to the miR-137 clan (a clan is group of two or more RNA families that have arisen from a single evolutionary origin, as derived from their related structure and function). The miR-137 clan contains two members: miR-137 and miR-234; the total number of RNA domains in the clan is 112.

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3'  cga      ugagaggaguu  ugc cauaagaauuc  u auugu gc u
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Genome context
Coordinates (JGI4.2) Overlapping transcripts
GL172706.1: 1267002-1267102 [-]

Mature sequence xtr-miR-137

Accession MIMAT0003685

59 - 


 - 80

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Evidence by similarity; MI0002000
Predicted targets