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74 publications mentioning osa-MIR166k

Open access articles that are associated with the species Oryza sativa and mention the gene name MIR166k. Click the [+] symbols to view sentences that include the gene name, or the word cloud on the right for a summary.

1
[+] score: 440
Pathogen -induced ethylene production would also induce MIR166k-166h expression, which would then regulate the expression of OsEIN2 family members (downregulation of OsEIN1.2 and OsEIN2.2; upregulation of OsEIN2.3/2.4). [score:12]
Also, miR166k-5p and its target gene showed opposite expression patterns in response to fungal infection (upregulation and downregulation, respectively). [score:11]
Consistent with upregulation of OsERF1, the expression of ethylene-responsive defense genes, such as PDF1.2 and chitinase genes (e. g., CHIT8 and CHIT14, members of the PR3 family of PR genes; and WIP5, a PR4 family member) was also upregulated in miR166k-166h-Ac plants (Figure 6B). [score:9]
Finally, knowing that MIR166k-166h expression is upregulated during M. oryzae infection in wild-type (cv TN67) plants (Figure 2A), and that OsEIN2.1 is a target gene for miR166, we investigated the expression of OsEIN2 family members during pathogen infection. [score:8]
A working mo del of the role of miR166k-166h in governing expression of ethylene-regulated defense genes is in Figure 7. According to this mo del, pathogen recognition triggers ethylene biosynthesis and activation of MIR166k-166h expression, which in turn would regulate components of the ethylene signaling pathway leading to induction of ethylene-regulated defense genes (PDF1.2, chitinases). [score:8]
OsEIN3 and OsEIL1, as well as OsERF1, were upregulated in miR166k-166h-Ac plants as compared with wild-type plants, whereas OsEBF2 expression was downregulated (Figure 6A). [score:8]
Consistent with up-regulation of MIR166k-166h in response to ACC treatment, EIN2.1 and EIN2.2 were found to be down-regulated during the same period of treatment (Figure 6D). [score:7]
Thus, the observed increase in miR166k-166h accumulation and concomitant downregulation of OsEIN2.1 and OsEIN2.2 expression in miR166k-166h-Ac plants (Figures 1, 4, respectively) apparently contradicts OsEIN2 positively regulating ethylene signaling in the rice response to M. oryzae infection. [score:7]
Under heterozygosity, the miR166k-166h-Ac mutant plants would not accumulate sufficient levels of miR166kh species to alter normal developmental programs due to excessive downregulation of miR166 HD-ZIP III target genes. [score:7]
FIGURE 4Expression of miR166 targets and identification of a novel target gene for miR166. [score:7]
They include the existence of regulatory mechanisms in which miR166k-5p and EIN2 family members regulate each other’s expression, or interconnecting networks controlling the expression of OsEIN2 family members themselves (i. e., the abundance of a particular OsEIN2 gene might affect the level of another OsEIN2 family member). [score:7]
MIR166k-166h Expression in Resistant and Susceptible Rice VarietiesWe examined MIR166k-166h expression in rice varieties showing a phenotype of disease resistance against the rice blast fungus: Kanto 51, Saber and TeQing (resistant varieties), and Vialone Nano and Maratelli (susceptible varieties). [score:7]
FIGURE 5Validation of miR166k-166h -mediated downregulation of Os EIN2.1 in agroinfiltrated N. benthamiana leaves (A,B) and OsEIN2 expression in wild-type rice plants during M. oryzae infection (C). [score:6]
From these results, we concluded that pathogen infection and also treatment with fungal elicitors upregulates MIR166k-166h expression, which suggests a role of this polycistronic miRNA in pathogen -associated molecular pattern (PAMP)-triggered immunity (PTI). [score:6]
Because MIR166k-166h expression is itself regulated by treatment with the ethylene precursor ACC (Figure 6), the M. oryzae -induced production of ethylene might induce MIR166k-166h expression. [score:6]
Several possibilities can be considered to explain the finding of OsEIN2.1 and OsEIN2.2 being downregulated in miR166k-166h-Ac plants and OsEIN2.3/2.4 upregulated in this mutant. [score:6]
MIR166k-166h Expression During Fungal Infection and Treatment With ElicitorsGiven that activation of MIR166k-166h affects disease resistance, we sought to investigate whether MIR166k-166h expression is itself regulated during the normal host response to infection. [score:6]
When considering the mature miR166s encoded by the miR166k-166h precursor, we noticed that miR166 species targeting OsEIN2.1 correspond to miR166-5p in monocistronic miR166s, while miR166-3p sequences target hox genes. [score:5]
Moreover, we identified a novel target gene for miR166k, the ethylene-insensitive 2 (EIN2) gene (targeted by miR166k-5p in the miR166k-166h polycistron). [score:5]
Transcripts were found cleaved at the canonical position of miRNA/target mRNA pairing (between nucleotides 10 and 11 from the 5′ end of the miRNA), which supports that EIN2 is indeed a target gene for miR166 in rice. [score:5]
Our evidence supports that EIN2 is a novel target gene for miR166, this gene being targeted by miR166k-5p in the MIR166k-166h polycistron. [score:5]
We examined MIR166k-166h expression in rice varieties showing a phenotype of disease resistance against the rice blast fungus: Kanto 51, Saber and TeQing (resistant varieties), and Vialone Nano and Maratelli (susceptible varieties). [score:5]
To obtain further insights into the mechanisms underlying disease resistance in the miR166k-166h-Ac mutant, we determined the expression pattern of the defense genes OsPBZ1 (Probenazole-inducible 1) and OsPR1a (Pathogenesis-Related 1a) in mutant and wild-type plants at different times after infection with M. oryzae (24, 48, and 72 h post-inoculation [hpi]). [score:5]
Similar to other species, the target search predicted HD-ZIP III as target genes of miR166s encoded in the miR166k-166h polycistron (miR166k-3p and miR166h-3p). [score:5]
A major future challenge is to determine the molecular processes by which MIR166k-166h function is integrated in the complex regulatory mechanisms involved in ethylene-regulated immune responses to M. oryzae infection and whether activation of MIR166h-166k expression confers resistance to pathogens other than M. oryzae. [score:5]
Our results indicate that MIR166k-166h activation enhances defense gene expression, most probably by modulating OsEIN2 expression. [score:5]
Expression profiling revealed that mature miRNAs generated from the miR166k-166h precursor are co-expressed in rice leaves (Baldrich et al., 2016). [score:5]
We show that rice plants with activated MIR166k-166h expression exhibit resistance to infection by the fungal pathogens M. oryzae and Fusarium fujikuroi, the causal agents of the rice blast and bakanae disease, respectively. [score:5]
These analyses indicated that the miR166k-166h precursor is properly expressed and processed in N. benthamiana leaves when expressed alone or with EIN2.1-GFP. [score:5]
FIGURE 6Expression of ethylene signaling components in miR166k-166h-Ac mutant plants, and MIR166k-166h expression in response to treatment with the ethylene precursor ACC. [score:5]
Given that activation of MIR166k-166h affects disease resistance, we sought to investigate whether MIR166k-166h expression is itself regulated during the normal host response to infection. [score:4]
Knowing that fungal infection and elicitor treatment induced MIR166k-166h expression, we scanned the MIR166k-166h promoter region for the presence of cis-regulatory elements related to biotic stress. [score:4]
When examining the transcript accumulation of EIN2.1, co -expression of the miR166k-166h precursor with EIN2.1- GFP reduced the EIN2.1- GFP transcript level as compared with expression of EIN2.1-GFP alone (Figure 5B, left panel, EIN2 and pre-miR166+ EIN2). [score:4]
These data indicate that although miR166k-166h activation downregulates OsEIN2.1 and OsEIN2.2, components in the pathway for ethylene signal transduction downstream of OsEIN2 are induced in miR166k-166h-Ac plants, which would agree with the resistance phenotype that is observed in miR166k-166h-Ac mutant plants. [score:4]
An intriguing aspect of this study was the finding of a different trend in the regulation of OsEIN2 expression in miR166k-166h-Ac plants depending on the family member. [score:4]
Given the well-established roles of miR166 and its HD-ZIP III target genes in controlling developmental processes in a broad range of plant species, an intriguing question is why MIR166k-166h activation does not affect normal growth in the miR166k-166h mutant. [score:4]
MIR166k-166h expression was strongly induced in the three resistant rice genotypes here assayed, whereas its expression was barely affected or was even decreased by M. oryzae infection in the susceptible cultivars Vialone Nano and Maratelli (Figure 3). [score:4]
As for Oshox29 and Oshox33, these genes were found expressed at very low levels in wild-type plants, and their expression was not significantly affected in miR166k-166h-Ac mutant plants as compared with wild-type plants (Figure 4A). [score:4]
In M. truncatula, a miR166 polycistron containing two copies of miR166a targeting HD-ZIP III transcripts was found to control root architecture and nodule development after infection by Sinorhizobium meliloti (Boualem et al., 2008). [score:4]
The observed inverse correlation between mature miR166k-5p levels and EIN2.1 and EIN2.2 transcripts in miR166k-166h-Ac plants already indicated a possible miR166k-5p -mediated downregulation of this particular OsEIN2 family members. [score:4]
Presumably, the increased level of miR166k-5p in M. oryzae-infected leaves would be responsible for downregulation of OsEIN2.1 during pathogen infection. [score:4]
This analysis revealed downregulation of OsEIN2.1 and OsEIN2.2 in miR166k-166h-Ac plants (Figure 4B, left panel). [score:4]
Presumably, high levels of miR166 expression and concomitant silencing of HD-ZIP III might compromise normal plant development. [score:4]
OsEIN2.1 and OsEIN2.2 were downregulated during M. oryzae infection (Figure 5C), which is consistent with the observed increase in miR166k-5p level in the same tissues. [score:4]
Overall, our results support that the polycistronic miR166k-166h positively regulates rice immunity through modulation of EIN2 expression. [score:4]
A more detailed analysis is, however, needed to examine the expression kinetics of MIR166k-166h in resistant and susceptible rice varieties during the infection process. [score:3]
Expression of Ethylene Signaling Components in miR166k-166h-Ac Plants. [score:3]
Degradation tags indicative of miR166 -mediated cleavage of Oshox9, Oshox10, Oshox32, and Oshox33 were identified by degradome analysis, which supports that they are real targets of rice miR166s (Li et al., 2010; Baldrich et al., 2015). [score:3]
FIGURE 2 MIR166k-166h expression in response to M. oryzae infection or treatment with M. oryzae elicitors in wild-type (cv. [score:3]
Finally, regulatory elements associated with defense-related hormone signaling also present in the MIR166k-166h promoter included the ethylene (ERELEE4, ethylene-responsive element; AWTTCAAA) and methyl jasmonic acid (T/G BOXPIN2, AACGTG) regulatory elements. [score:3]
The observation that MIR166k-166h expression is activated in resistant rice cultivars but not in susceptible varieties (72 hpi with M. oryzae spores) further supports the role of MIR166k-166h in the rice response to the rice blast fungus. [score:3]
Among the newly identified miR166 targets, EIN2 is worth describing specifically. [score:3]
Although pathogen/hormone-responsive cis-elements were identified in the MIR166k-166h promoter, their functionality in controlling MIR166k-166h expression remains unknown. [score:3]
From these results, we conclude that EIN2.1 represents a novel target gene for miR166k-5p species encoded by the polycistronic miR166k-166h precursor. [score:3]
Constructs harboring the miR166k-166h precursor or EIN2-GFP, alone or in combination, were agroinfiltrated in N. benthamiana leaves, and their expression was monitored at 2 days after agroinfiltration. [score:3]
As previously mentioned, HD-ZIP III genes are conserved target genes for miR166 in plants. [score:3]
A better knowledge of miR166k-166h functioning in blast resistance will help in deciphering the functional consequences of polycistronic expression of miRNAs in plants. [score:3]
The possibility of miR166k-5p -mediated translational repression of EIN2 family members should not be ruled out. [score:3]
Resistance to M. oryzae infection in miR166k-166h-Ac plants is associated with a stronger induction of defense gene expression, at both the biotrophic (24–48 hpi) and necrotrophic (72 hpi) stages of the infection. [score:3]
MIR166k-166h Expression During Fungal Infection and Treatment With Elicitors. [score:3]
Agroinfiltration in Nicotiana benthamiana LeavesFor transient expression of MIR166k-166h, the genomic DNA fragment encompassing the entire miR166k-166h precursor was obtained by PCR from genomic DNA and cloned into the pCAMBIA5300 vector (pC5300) [3] under the control of the maize ubiquitin promoter. [score:3]
These findings support that the miR166k-166h-Ac mutant responds to pathogen challenge with a super-induction of defense genes, which is consistent with the phenotype of disease resistance observed in these plants. [score:3]
miR166k-166h Mediates Cleavage of EIN2 Transcripts That Reduce Levels of EIN2 ProteinAmong the newly identified miR166 targets, EIN2 is worth describing specifically. [score:3]
Wild-type (cv TN67) and miR166k-166h-Ac plants were spray-inoculated with spores of the rice blast fungus M. oryzae, and disease symptoms were followed over time. [score:3]
Prediction and Experimental Validation of a Novel Target for miR166. [score:3]
MIR166k-166h Expression in Resistant and Susceptible Rice Varieties. [score:3]
This computational prediction identified a putative target gene for the miR166k-5p sequence, the EIN2 gene. [score:3]
However, miR166 has been shown to repress the seed maturation program in Arabidopsis, and difficulties in generating transgenic lines overexpressing miR166 were previously reported (Tang et al., 2012). [score:3]
Thus, induction of MIR166k-166h expression appears to occur in resistant but not susceptible rice cultivars. [score:3]
Expression of Ethylene Signaling Components in miR166k-166h-Ac PlantsIn the absence of ethylene, phosphorylation of EIN2 prevents transduction of ethylene signaling. [score:3]
From these results, we conclude that miR166k-166h targets and cleaves OsEIN2.1 and that cleavage of OsEIN2.1 transcripts reduces EIN2 protein accumulation. [score:3]
To further investigate the functional relationship between miR166h-166k activity and EIN2 expression, we performed agroinfiltration experiments in N. benthamiana leaves in which the miR166k-166h precursor and a GFP-tagged EIN2.1 gene were co-expressed. [score:3]
Supporting this conclusion, we found opposite expression patterns of miR166k-5p and OsEIN2.1 in miR166k-166h-Ac mutant plants. [score:3]
For transient expression of MIR166k-166h, the genomic DNA fragment encompassing the entire miR166k-166h precursor was obtained by PCR from genomic DNA and cloned into the pCAMBIA5300 vector (pC5300) [3] under the control of the maize ubiquitin promoter. [score:3]
Our results support that miR166k-166h is a positive regulator of rice immunity via regulation of OsEIN2. [score:3]
We considered the possibility that the expression of genes other than MIR166k-166h might be activated in the miR166k-166h-Ac mutant. [score:2]
A possible threshold of miR166k-166h level (and subsequent miR166-regulated Oshox transcripts) might explain this observation. [score:2]
Right panel: RT-PCR using primers spanning the miR166 target site in EIN2 transcripts. [score:2]
To provide additional clues for the function of miR166k-166h in rice immunity, we investigated whether MIR166k-166h expression itself is regulated by ethylene in wild-type plants. [score:2]
Knowing that OsEIN2.3/2.4 is activated in the miR166k-166h-Ac mutant (see Figure 4B), OsEIN2.3/2.4 activation is likely responsible for the observed induction of downstream components of ethylene signaling in these plants, including ethylene-regulated defense genes. [score:2]
Thus, a different trend in the regulation of EIN2 family members occurs in response to ACC treatment which correlates with differences previously observed between miR166k-166h-Ac mutant plants and wild-type plants (see Figure 4B). [score:2]
The miR166k-166h-Ac plants consistently showed reduced disease symptoms as compared with wild-type plants (Figure 1B, left panel). [score:2]
Knock-down of rice microRNA166 confers drought resistance by causing leaf rolling and altering stem xylem development. [score:2]
Moderate levels of mature miR166s produced by the miR166k-166h polycistron would provide a means to mount a more successful defense response without no penalty on normal development. [score:2]
In monocistronic miR166s, the mature miR166 sequences that direct cleavage of HD-ZIP III transcripts are located at the 3′ arm of the precursor structure, namely miR166h-3p and miR166k-3p. [score:2]
Knowing that MIR166k-166h activation has an impact on blast resistance, we considered the possibility that this phenotype might be caused by the activity of miR166 species encoded in the miR166k-166h precursor on novel, non-conserved target genes. [score:2]
The accumulation of precursor transcripts for these miR166 family members (pre-miR166a and pre-miR166c) was found to be transiently, but not significantly, regulated during elicitor treatment (Supplementary Figure S3B). [score:2]
Very recently, it has been described that miR166 knockdown triggers drought resistance in rice (Zhang et al., 2018). [score:2]
Hence, the two strands of the miR166k duplex in the miR166k-166h precursor appear to be functional. [score:1]
Since the rice genome does not contain monocistronic miR166k and miR166h loci, the miR166k and miR166h mature sequences accumulating in rice leaves are expected to be generated from the polycistronic miR166k-166h precursor. [score:1]
miR166 clusters have been identified in the genome of several plant species (e. g., M. truncatula, soybean and Physcomitrella patens) but, in most cases, the polycistronic nature of these miR166 clusters has not been demonstrated (Boualem et al., 2008; Zhang et al., 2009; Barik et al., 2014; Li et al., 2017). [score:1]
The four OsEIN2 genes have the binding site for miR166k-5p (Supplementary Figure S5A). [score:1]
Of note, loci encoding monocistronic transcripts for miR166k or miR166h have not been identified in the rice genome. [score:1]
Recently, we described the occurrence of a rice polycistronic miRNA, miR166k-166h, comprising two miR166 family members (miR166k and miR166h). [score:1]
In addition, RT-qPCR analysis revealed reduced levels of Oshox9, Oshox10, and Oshox32 in miR166k-166h-Ac mutant versus wild-type plants (Figure 4A), which confirms the functionality of mature miRNAs encoded by the polycistron. [score:1]
miR166k-166h Mediates Cleavage of EIN2 Transcripts That Reduce Levels of EIN2 Protein. [score:1]
As well, cleavage products of EIN2.1 accumulated to a lower level in wild-type than miR166k-166h-Ac plants (Figure 4C, right panel). [score:1]
In other studies, various miR166 species were found to differentially respond to infection by the rice blast fungus M. oryzae or to differentially accumulate in blast-resistant and blast-susceptible rice varieties (Li et al., 2014, 2016). [score:1]
However, levels of miR166k-166h transcripts were higher in miR166k-166h-only agroinfiltrated leaves versus leaves in which the miR166k-166h precursor was co-expressed with EIN2.1 (Figure 5A, left panel, pre-miR166 and pre-miR166+ EIN2), an aspect that deserves further investigation. [score:1]
Conservation and diversification of the miR166 family in soybean and potential roles of newly identified miR166s. [score:1]
These observations support conservation of the miR166k-166h polycistron in the Oryza genus (Baldrich et al., 2016). [score:1]
RT-qPCR analysis of accumulation of miR166k-166h precursor transcripts at 72 hpi. [score:1]
Knowing this, we hypothesized that this mutant might be an activation mutant for MIR166k-166h. [score:1]
The accumulation of miR166k-166h precursor and mature miR166 sequences was determined by RT-qPCR and stem-loop RT-qPCR, respectively, at different times after inoculation with M. oryzae spores (5 × 10 [5] spores/ml) (A) or treatment with M. oryzae elicitors (3 × 10 [2] μg/ml) (B). [score:1]
Intriguingly, OsEIN2.3/4 transcripts accumulated to a higher level in miR166k-166h-Ac mutant than wild-type plants. [score:1]
MIR166k-166h Activation Enhances Resistance to Infection by the Rice Blast Fungus M. oryzaeThe rice genome contains several loci encoding monocistronic miR166s distributed on 7 chromosomes: miR166a, miR166b, miR166c, miR166d, miR166e, miR166f, miR166g, miR166i, miR166j, miR166l and miR166m (miRBase release 21) (Supplementary Figure S1). [score:1]
The T-DNA insertion line for MIR166k-166h (M0110144) and wild-type genotype (O. sativa japonica cv Taining 67) were obtained from the Taiwan Rice Insertional Mutant collection (TRIM [1]). [score:1]
These observations prompted us to further investigate whether EIN2 gene is a real target gene for miR166k-166h by performing RNA ligase -mediated 5′ RACE (5′-RACE). [score:1]
Interestingly, accumulation of precursor and mature miR166 sequences also increased in response to treatment with a crude preparation of elicitors (Figure 2B). [score:1]
FIGURE 3Accumulation of miR166k-166h precursor transcripts in susceptible and resistant rice varieties M. oryzae spores or mock-inoculated (+ and –, respectively). [score:1]
Of note, MIR166k-166h is found in the genome of both japonica and indica subspecies of the O. sativa genus (AA genome) (Baldrich et al., 2016). [score:1]
Furthermore, a polycistronic miR166 encoding two miR166 family members, the miR166k-166h precursor, was identified on chromosome 2 (Baldrich et al., 2016). [score:1]
Importantly, transcript levels of these defense genes were higher in M. oryzae-inoculated miR166k-166h-Ac than M. oryzae-inoculated wild-type plants at all times of infection (Figure 1D). [score:1]
Clearly, the existence of multiple miR166 family members might contribute to diversification and functional specialization of miR166 in plants. [score:1]
The oligonucleotide complementary to the miR166 sequence (Supplementary Table S1) was labeled with digoxigenin with the DIG oligonucleotide 3′-End Labeling kit (Roche, Basel, Switzerland). [score:1]
Most importantly, heterozygous mutant plants accumulated higher levels of miR166k-166h precursor transcripts, which correlated well with an increase in the accumulation of mature miR166k and miR166h sequences (Figure 1A, right panel). [score:1]
Presumably, mature miRNAs encoded by the miR166k-166h polycistron might have evolved to mediate rice defense responses to pathogen infection. [score:1]
Thus, activation of MIR166k-166h in miR166k-166h-Ac plants, and concomitant increase in mature miR166s derived from the miR116h-166k precursor, enhances resistance to infection by hemibiotrophic (M. oryzae) and necrotrophic (F. fujikuroi) fungal pathogens (Ou, 1985; Wilson and Talbot, 2009; Campos-Soriano et al., 2013). [score:1]
In this work, we provide evidence that the polycistronic miR166k-166h plays a role in rice immunity. [score:1]
In this work, we present evidence supporting that MIR166k-166h plays a role in rice immunity. [score:1]
Note that the stem-loop RT-qPCR does not discriminate among miR166k-3p and miR166h-3p sequences (indicated as miR166kh-3p). [score:1]
However, we found no altered accumulation of OsSAUR12 or Erwinia -induced protein transcripts in the miR166k-166h-Ac mutant (Supplementary Figure S2B). [score:1]
FIGURE 7Proposed mo del for the function of miR166k-166h in ethylene signaling during infection of rice plants by the blast fungus M. oryzae. [score:1]
As a control, miR166 -guided cleavage products of hox32 were also identified by 5’-RACE (Figure 4D). [score:1]
Because blast is one of the primary causes of rice losses worldwide, unraveling miR166k-166h -mediated mechanisms underlying blast resistance could ultimately help in designing novel strategies for crop protection. [score:1]
No homozygous MIR166k-166h plants were identified in PCR genotype screens. [score:1]
Very recently, miR166 -guided cleavage of ATHB14-LIKE transcripts encoding a homeobox-leucine zipper protein has been described in soybean (Li et al., 2017). [score:1]
The mature miR166k and miR166h species locate in one or another hairpin of the miR166k-166h precursor structure (Figure 1A, left panel). [score:1]
Definitive proof of a miR166k-5p -mediated cleavage of EIN2.1 transcripts came from 5′-RACE analyses and agroinfiltration experiments in N. benthamiana leaves. [score:1]
Altered accumulation of miR166 during abiotic stress also led to the notion that miR166 might play a role in the plant response to diverse abiotic stresses. [score:1]
MIR166k-166h activation in miR166k-166h mutant plants would mimic the activation of ethylene signaling pathways induced by M. oryzae infection in the host plant. [score:1]
The accumulation of miR166k-166h precursor transcripts and mature miR166 sequences in wild-type (TN67) and miR166k-166h-Ac mutant plants was determined by RT-qPCR and stem-loop RT-qPCR, respectively (right panels). [score:1]
Altogether, these results demonstrated that miR166 cleaves EIN2.1 transcripts and that the miR166k-5p strand in the miR166k-166h precursor is functional. [score:1]
In this work, a T-DNA tagged line (M0110144) carrying the T-DNA insertion upstream of the MIR166k-166h locus was identified in the TRIM collection produced in the Tainung 67 (TN67) background (Hsing et al., 2007). [score:1]
These observations confirmed that the TRIM mutant is an activation mutant for MIR166k-166h (hereafter referred to as miR166k-166h-Ac). [score:1]
The sequence upstream of the precursor structure for the miR166k-166h precursor was extracted from the NCBI database and the transcription start site (TSS) was identified by using the TSSP Softberry program for identifying TSS in plants [4]. [score:1]
In addition to being represented by multiple copies in the rice genome, the ability of miR166 precursors to produce two mature functional strands in the same miRNA-5p/miRNA-3p duplex also represents an effective strategy to diversify miR166 function. [score:1]
Detection of mature miR166 sequences by small -RNA Northern blot analysis is shown on the right panel. [score:1]
The miR166k-166h-Ac mutant harbors a single copy of the T-DNA inserted in its genome (Supplementary Table S2). [score:1]
The miR166k-166h-Ac mutant plants also showed enhanced resistance to infection by the fungus F. fujikuroi, the causal agent of bakanae in rice (Ou, 1985). [score:1]
The observed miR166 -guided cleavage of EIN2.1 transcripts was accompanied by reduced EIN2 protein level. [score:1]
For this, wild-type plants were treated with the ethylene precursor ACC, and the accumulation of miR166k-166h precursor transcripts was determined at different times after ACC treatment (15 min, 1, 4, and 24 h). [score:1]
Accumulation of mature miR166 sequences derived from this precursor was confirmed by ST-RT-qPCR and Northern blot analyses (Figure 5A and Supplementary Figure S6). [score:1]
In wild-type plants, miR166k-166h accumulation was increased during pathogen infection and also in response to treatment with fungal elicitors, which supports that MIR166k-166h is a component of PTI. [score:1]
MIR166k-166h Activation Enhances Resistance to Infection by the Rice Blast Fungus M. oryzae. [score:1]
Quantification of fungal biomass confirmed limited fungal growth in roots of miR166k-166h-Ac seedlings (Figure 1C, right panel). [score:1]
Evidence for miR166 in adapting to pathogen infection in plants has not been reported. [score:1]
For Northern blot analysis, the small RNA fraction of agroinfiltrated leaf samples was hybridized with a 3′ end digoxigenin-labeled oligonucleotide sequence complementary to miR166k-5p. [score:1]
Elicitor treatment resulted in faster induction of miR166k-5p and miR166h-5p species versus miR166kh species. [score:1]
RT-PCR analysis revealed the accumulation of precursor miR166k-166h transcripts in agroinfiltrated leaves (Figure 5A, left panel). [score:1]
Further studies are required to determine the interlocking mechanisms among OsEIN2 family members and among miR166k-miR166h and EIN2. [score:1]
The MIR166k-166h locus is also present in the genome of wild relatives of current cultivated rice varieties, namely O. rufipogon and O. nivara (wild relatives of O. sativa), and O. barthii (wild relative of O. glaberrima, or African rice). [score:1]
MicroRNA166 controls root and nodule development in Medicago truncatula. [score:1]
Therefore, it is not surprising that homozygous miR166k-166h-Ac mutant plants could not be identified in this study. [score:1]
There were no obvious phenotypic differences between miR166k-166h mutant and wild-type plants under controlled greenhouse conditions (Supplementary Figure S2C). [score:1]
ACC treatment resulted in a clear and gradual increase in the accumulation of miR166k-166h precursor transcripts in wild-type plants (Figure 6C). [score:1]
The miR166 family comprises multiple members in monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants that are transcribed independently (monocistrons). [score:1]
Accordingly, in this work we investigated whether EIN2 is a target gene for miR166k-5p. [score:1]
The MIR166k-166h promoter was found to contain an important number of cis-elements required for response to pathogen infection or elicitor treatment (Supplementary Figure S4 and Supplementary Table S3). [score:1]
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[+] score: 41
In this network, miR164, miR167, and miR390 (Guo et al., 2005; Yang et al., 2006; Yoon et al., 2010), as well as the target genes ARF6 and ARF8 of miR167 (Faivre-Rampant et al., 2004; Yang et al., 2006), the target gene ARF3 of ta-siRNA (Pekker et al., 2005), and the target gene PHV of miR166 (Weijers and Jurgens, 2005), could be directly regulated by the plant hormone auxin to execute biological functions in plant development (Ljung, 2013; Pierre-Jerome et al., 2013). [score:10]
The downregulation of TAS3 and resulting upregulation of miR166 might promote the growth of hybrid rice, according to a study of TAS3 ta-siRNA overexpression transgenic rice with a retarded growth phenotype (Wang et al., 2010). [score:9]
The expression changes of miR166 target genes PHV and REV could direct shoot apical meristem development, lateral organ polarity, and leaf adaxial identity (Huang et al., 2006 a ; Nagasaki et al., 2007; Grigg et al., 2009) (Fig. 7). [score:7]
For instance in this category, the ta-siARF target gene Os05g48870 and miR166 target gene Os10g33960 could be localized in the QTL AQFP005 for culm thickness trait and AQGM008 for culm length trait that spanned only one locus, respectively (Table 3), implying correlations between DES and the thick culm architecture of the hybrid rice LYP9 (Lu and Zou, 2000). [score:5]
In addition, the differential expression of miR166 and miR167, which were enriched in the auxin regulatory network in this study, were observed in the hybrid rice SY63 and its parental lines, ZS97A and MH63. [score:4]
REV is another target gene of miR166, which is antagonized by PHV, and plays a role in altering the auxin polar transport (Zhong and Ye, 1999, 2001; Prigge et al., 2005) (Fig. 7). [score:3]
Additionally, pathway analysis showed that the TF NAM/ATAF/CUC 1 (NAC1) was regulated by miR164, and that TFs PHAVOLUTA (PHV) and REVOLUTA (REV) were regulated by miR166. [score:3]
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3
[+] score: 41
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR162a, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR171a, osa-MIR393a, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR398a, osa-MIR398b, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR162b, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR171b, osa-MIR171c, osa-MIR171d, osa-MIR171e, osa-MIR171f, osa-MIR171g, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR171h, osa-MIR393b, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR171i, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, osa-MIR390, osa-MIR535, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR2118a, osa-MIR2118b, osa-MIR2118c, osa-MIR2118d, osa-MIR2118e, osa-MIR2118f, osa-MIR2118g, osa-MIR2118h, osa-MIR2118i, osa-MIR2118j, osa-MIR2118k, osa-MIR2118l, osa-MIR2118m, osa-MIR2118n, osa-MIR2118o, osa-MIR2118p, osa-MIR2118q, osa-MIR2118r, ppe-MIR482a, ppe-MIR482b, ppe-MIR171f, ppe-MIR482c, ppe-MIR171h, ppe-MIR171a, ppe-MIR171e, ppe-MIR169e, ppe-MIR398a, ppe-MIR171g, ppe-MIR171b, ppe-MIR482d, ppe-MIR482e, ppe-MIR171c, ppe-MIR398b, ppe-MIR156a, ppe-MIR156b, ppe-MIR156c, ppe-MIR156d, ppe-MIR156e, ppe-MIR156f, ppe-MIR156g, ppe-MIR156h, ppe-MIR156i, ppe-MIR160a, ppe-MIR160b, ppe-MIR162, ppe-MIR164a, ppe-MIR164b, ppe-MIR164c, ppe-MIR164d, ppe-MIR166a, ppe-MIR166b, ppe-MIR166c, ppe-MIR166d, ppe-MIR166e, ppe-MIR167a, ppe-MIR167b, ppe-MIR167c, ppe-MIR167d, ppe-MIR168, ppe-MIR169a, ppe-MIR169b, ppe-MIR169c, ppe-MIR169d, ppe-MIR169f, ppe-MIR169g, ppe-MIR169h, ppe-MIR169i, ppe-MIR169j, ppe-MIR169k, ppe-MIR169l, ppe-MIR171d, ppe-MIR172a, ppe-MIR172b, ppe-MIR172c, ppe-MIR172d, ppe-MIR390, ppe-MIR393a, ppe-MIR393b, ppe-MIR396a, ppe-MIR396b, ppe-MIR482f, ppe-MIR535a, ppe-MIR535b
Moreover, TAS3 trans-acting short-interfering RNAs, which are targeted by miR390, can regulate miR166 expression that may control auxin flow via its target HD-ZIP. [score:8]
The expression levels of miR171, miR168, miR408a, miR398 and miR408b were significantly upregulated in mesocarp in NAA -treated samples compared to the control fruits, whereas those of miR156, miR160, miR166, miR167, miR390, miR393, miR482, miR535 and miR2118 were downregulated following NAA treatment. [score:8]
The results of real-time PCR experiments revealed the increased expression levels of miR171, miR168, miR408a, miR398 and miR408b, as well as the reduced expression levels of miR166, miR167, miR160, miR156, miR2118, miR535, miR390, miR482 and miR393 in the peach fruit after NAA treatment, respectively, suggesting the functional divergence of microRNAs in the regulation of fruit development. [score:7]
miR160, miR162, miR164d, miR396b, miR408a were upregulated under NAA treatment, whereas miR166 was downregulated. [score:7]
The experimental verification results were consistent with our high throughput sequencing datasets and also with previous studies that demonstrated the critical roles of miR160, miR166, miR167, miR390 and miR393 and their targeted genes in auxin signaling pathways. [score:3]
Furthermore, we found that miR165/miR166 can target REV, ATHB8, ATHB14 and ATHB15 in the peach fruit with high prediction confidence (Figure 3). [score:3]
Together, these studies support an direct/indirect association between miR166 and auxin [35, 36]. [score:2]
We also identified miR165/miR166 cleavage sites in ATHB8, ATHB14 and ATHB15 in the peach fruit under control conditions. [score:1]
Of these, ten (83%) were conserved peach miRNAs, including miR160, miR162, miR164d, miR166, miR168, miR396a, miR396b, miR398, miR408a and miR482 (Table S1). [score:1]
Among these miRNAs, miR160, miR166, miR167, miR390 and miR393 are known to play important roles in auxin signaling pathways [14, 16, 17, 18, 35, 36]. [score:1]
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4
[+] score: 30
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR171a, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR399a, osa-MIR399b, osa-MIR399c, osa-MIR399d, osa-MIR399e, osa-MIR399f, osa-MIR399g, osa-MIR399h, osa-MIR399i, osa-MIR399j, osa-MIR399k, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR171b, osa-MIR171c, osa-MIR171d, osa-MIR171e, osa-MIR171f, osa-MIR171g, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR171h, osa-MIR171i, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, osa-MIR396e, osa-MIR444a, osa-MIR528, osa-MIR529a, osa-MIR530, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, osa-MIR529b, osa-MIR444b, osa-MIR444c, osa-MIR444d, osa-MIR444e, osa-MIR444f, osa-MIR1435, osa-MIR1849, osa-MIR1850, osa-MIR1856, osa-MIR1860, osa-MIR1861e, osa-MIR1862a, osa-MIR1862b, osa-MIR1862c, osa-MIR1870, osa-MIR1874, osa-MIR1862d, osa-MIR1862e, osa-MIR2055, osa-MIR827, osa-MIR2098, osa-MIR396f, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y, osa-MIR1862f, osa-MIR1862g
In contrast, the expression levels of miR160, miR166, miR167, miR171, miR396 and miR444 were down-regulated at the late phase after being up-regulated during early development (Additional file 8). [score:10]
Several, such as miR156, miR159, miR164, miR166, miR167 and miR396, were expressed at high levels, indicating that, as they are highly expressed in other tissues such as leaf and root, these conserved miRNAs are possibly important regulators for rice plant development. [score:7]
As shown in Additional file 7A, most targets of conserved rice miRNAs, such as targets of miR160, miR166, miR171, miR444 and miR530, were annotated to be similar to those from other studies. [score:5]
Among them, the expression of miR160, miR166, and miR171 declined rapidly from G1 to G2, whereas miR167, miR396, miR444 and miR530 gradually declined with advancing grain filling. [score:3]
MiRNA families highly conserved across plant species, such as miR166, miR167, and miR168, were sequenced more than 10,000 times, whereas previously known stress -induced members, such as miR395 and miR399, were detected less than 10 times (Additional file 3A), indicating that tissue-specific expression patterns of miRNAs are related to their functions. [score:3]
Cleavage of Os04g44354 and Os03g43930 occurred with higher frequencies at the 9 [th] and 12 [th] positions of miR1435 and miR166, respectively, in all 12 sequenced clones. [score:1]
Similarly, the abundance of members of the miR166 (from 1 to 14,397 reads) and miR164 (from 12 to 6,871 reads) families were also highly variable (Additional file 3A). [score:1]
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5
[+] score: 25
Os03g43930, a HD-Zip transcription factor and a target of miR166 [54], was up-regulated in agreement with the down-regulation of miR166 expression during RSV infection (Figure 1C). [score:11]
As shown in Table 3, expressions of miR156b, miR159a1, miR164a, miR166, miR167a, miR1884b, miR393b, miR396e and miR528 were down regulated, whereas miR535, miR390 and miR171 were up regulated in the infected plants. [score:5]
1002176.g001 Figure 1(A) RNA gel blots showing expression of miR156, miR164, miR166, miR167, miR168 and miR172 in virus infected rice plants. [score:3]
Os12g41680, Os03g43930, Os04g57610 and Os03g60430 are the targets of miR164, miR166, miR167 and miR172, respectively [54]. [score:3]
As shown in Figure 1A, miR156, miR166 and miR167 were down regulated, whereas miR172 showed no obvious changes in accumulation. [score:2]
These include miRNA*s for some members of the miR160 family (miR160a–f), miR166 family (miR166a–e, g–l and n), miR167 family (miR167a, c–e, h and i), miR171 family (miR171c–f and miR171i), miR396 family (miR396a–c, e and f) and miRNA* of miR1318, miR1425, miR159a, miR168, miR172d, miR390, miR444b. [score:1]
[1 to 20 of 6 sentences]
6
[+] score: 25
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR171a, osa-MIR394, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR397a, osa-MIR398b, osa-MIR399a, osa-MIR399b, osa-MIR399c, osa-MIR399d, osa-MIR399e, osa-MIR399f, osa-MIR399g, osa-MIR399h, osa-MIR399i, osa-MIR399j, osa-MIR399k, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR319a, osa-MIR319b, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR162b, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR171b, osa-MIR171c, osa-MIR171d, osa-MIR171e, osa-MIR171f, osa-MIR171g, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR171h, osa-MIR393b, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR171i, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR414, osa-MIR437, osa-MIR390, osa-MIR440, osa-MIR396e, osa-MIR444a, osa-MIR528, osa-MIR529a, osa-MIR531a, osa-MIR529b, osa-MIR1425, osa-MIR1427, osa-MIR1432, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR444b, osa-MIR444c, osa-MIR444d, osa-MIR444e, osa-MIR444f, osa-MIR1436, osa-MIR1439, osa-MIR531b, osa-MIR1846d, osa-MIR1848, osa-MIR1850, osa-MIR1846a, osa-MIR1846b, osa-MIR1859, osa-MIR1860, osa-MIR1862a, osa-MIR1862b, osa-MIR1862c, osa-MIR1863a, osa-MIR1864, osa-MIR1865, osa-MIR1871, osa-MIR1874, osa-MIR1862d, osa-MIR1876, osa-MIR1862e, osa-MIR1878, osa-MIR1879, osa-MIR1319a, osa-MIR1846c, osa-MIR2055, osa-MIR1846e, osa-MIR2096, osa-MIR396f, osa-MIR2106, osa-MIR2120, osa-MIR2275a, osa-MIR2275b, osa-MIR2863a, osa-MIR2863b, osa-MIR2872, osa-MIR2875, osa-MIR2876, osa-MIR2877, osa-MIR2878, osa-MIR1863c, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, osa-MIR1863b, osa-MIR1862f, osa-MIR1862g, osa-MIR3979, osa-MIR3981, osa-MIR5072, osa-MIR5073, osa-MIR5076, osa-MIR5079a, osa-MIR5082, osa-MIR5083, osa-MIR2863c, osa-MIR5150, osa-MIR5151, osa-MIR5155, osa-MIR5160, osa-MIR5161, osa-MIR5162, osa-MIR5484, osa-MIR5504, osa-MIR5505, osa-MIR5513, osa-MIR2275c, osa-MIR2275d, osa-MIR5788, osa-MIR5792, osa-MIR5809, osa-MIR5812, osa-MIR1319b, osa-MIR6246, osa-MIR6250, osa-MIR6253, osa-MIR5079b, osa-MIR531c
osa-miR166 was down-regulated after SDS, LDS, and REC while osa-miR5073 showed down-regulation only after LDS and REC of N22 shoot indicating some miRNAs are recruited only when the duration of heat stress is long, and they continue their role during recovery too. [score:7]
The up-regulated microRNAs in N22 shoot after LDS (in comparison with control) were osa-miR5083, osa-miR5504, osa-miR5160, osa-miR5072, osa-miR2055, and osa-miR1427, and the down-regulated miRNAs were osa-miR166, osa-miR5073, osa-miR156, and osa-miR390. [score:7]
The miRNAs showing down-regulation after REC were osa-miR528-5p, osa-miR528, osa-miR166, osa-miR5073, osa-miR2863, osa-miR6246, and osa-miR1863c. [score:4]
The highly expressing miRNAs included miR166, miR168, miR1425, miR529, mR162, miR1876, and miR1862. [score:3]
The highly expressed miRNAs in rice tissues were miR166, miR168, miR1425, miR529, mR162, miR1876, and miR1862. [score:3]
Of these, miR166 was the most abundant miRNA in control and heat -treated libraries of both N22 and Vandana. [score:1]
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7
[+] score: 23
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR162a, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR171a, osa-MIR394, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR397b, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR171b, osa-MIR171c, osa-MIR171d, osa-MIR171e, osa-MIR171f, osa-MIR171g, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR171h, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR171i, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, osa-MIR528, osa-MIR531a, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, osa-MIR812a, osa-MIR812b, osa-MIR812c, osa-MIR812d, osa-MIR812e, osa-MIR814b, osa-MIR1425, osa-MIR1432, osa-MIR444d, osa-MIR444f, osa-MIR531b, osa-MIR1847, osa-MIR1849, osa-MIR1850, osa-MIR1852, osa-MIR1846a, osa-MIR1846b, osa-MIR1868, osa-MIR812f, osa-MIR1875, osa-MIR812g, osa-MIR812h, osa-MIR812i, osa-MIR812j, osa-MIR1883a, osa-MIR1846e, osa-MIR2093, osa-MIR2865, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y, osa-MIR812k, osa-MIR812l, osa-MIR812m, osa-MIR3980a, osa-MIR3980b, osa-MIR812n, osa-MIR812o, osa-MIR2873b, osa-MIR5074, osa-MIR2863c, osa-MIR5150, osa-MIR5485, osa-MIR5486, osa-MIR5487, osa-MIR5490, osa-MIR5491, osa-MIR5497, osa-MIR5499, osa-MIR5504, osa-MIR5505, osa-MIR5506, osa-MIR5516a, osa-MIR5519, osa-MIR5521, osa-MIR5528, osa-MIR5538, osa-MIR812p, osa-MIR812q, osa-MIR5791, osa-MIR5792, osa-MIR5793, osa-MIR812r, osa-MIR5797, osa-MIR812s, osa-MIR5800, osa-MIR812t, osa-MIR812u, osa-MIR5806, osa-MIR812v, osa-MIR5815, osa-MIR5817, osa-MIR5818, osa-MIR1319b, osa-MIR5179, osa-MIR5834, osa-MIR5836, osa-MIR5516b, osa-MIR6250, osa-MIR6253, osa-MIR531c
B2, 18 coherent target genes of 12 significantly differentially expressed known miRNAs (miR160a-3p, miR160b-3p, miR160a-5p, miR160b-5p, miR160c-5p, miR160d-5p, miR160e-5p, miR166k-5p, miR394, miR444f, miR528-5p, and miR531b) were found to belong to the families of ARF, bHLH, C3H, ERF, G2-like, GATA, HD-ZIP, MIKC, M-type, NAC, Trihelix, and WRKY, and these 12 known miRNAs were all significantly upregulated in fsv1 ovules. [score:8]
Thus, significantly upregulated miR166k-5p and miR166h-5p in the fsv1 ovule may be involved in fertile female gametophyte formation by regulating the expression of HD-ZIP III family genes. [score:7]
Previous studies have also shown that many miRNAs (such as miR156, miR160, miR164, miR166, and miR172) are associated with flower development by regulating expression of the transcription factor genes (Aukerman and Sakai 2003; Achard et al. 2004; Wu et al. 2006; Oh et al. 2008; Shikata et al. 2009; Luo et al. 2013). [score:5]
The most abundant three families of miRNA were miR812, miR166, and miR395. [score:1]
B2 osa-miR166k-5p 2.97643153 2.11E−02 *A2 vs. [score:1]
B1 osa-miR166k-5p 2.45950738 1.19E−06 **A1 vs. [score:1]
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8
[+] score: 21
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR171a, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR171b, osa-MIR171c, osa-MIR171d, osa-MIR171e, osa-MIR171f, osa-MIR171g, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR171h, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR171i, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, zma-MIR156d, zma-MIR156f, zma-MIR156g, zma-MIR156b, zma-MIR156c, zma-MIR156e, zma-MIR156a, zma-MIR156h, zma-MIR156i, zma-MIR160a, zma-MIR160c, zma-MIR160d, zma-MIR160b, zma-MIR164a, zma-MIR164d, zma-MIR164b, zma-MIR164c, zma-MIR167a, zma-MIR167b, zma-MIR167d, zma-MIR167c, zma-MIR160e, zma-MIR166a, zma-MIR166h, zma-MIR166e, zma-MIR166i, zma-MIR166f, zma-MIR166g, zma-MIR166b, zma-MIR166c, zma-MIR166d, zma-MIR171a, zma-MIR171b, zma-MIR172a, zma-MIR172d, zma-MIR172b, zma-MIR172c, osa-MIR390, osa-MIR444a, zma-MIR171d, zma-MIR171f, zma-MIR395b, zma-MIR395c, zma-MIR395a, zma-MIR156j, zma-MIR159a, zma-MIR159b, zma-MIR159c, zma-MIR159d, zma-MIR166k, zma-MIR166j, zma-MIR167e, zma-MIR167f, zma-MIR167g, zma-MIR167h, zma-MIR167i, zma-MIR168a, zma-MIR168b, zma-MIR171c, zma-MIR171j, zma-MIR171e, zma-MIR171i, zma-MIR171g, zma-MIR172e, zma-MIR166l, zma-MIR166m, zma-MIR171k, zma-MIR171h, zma-MIR408a, zma-MIR156k, zma-MIR160f, osa-MIR528, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, osa-MIR1432, osa-MIR827, osa-MIR2118a, osa-MIR2118b, osa-MIR2118c, osa-MIR2118d, osa-MIR2118e, osa-MIR2118f, osa-MIR2118g, osa-MIR2118h, osa-MIR2118i, osa-MIR2118j, osa-MIR2118k, osa-MIR2118l, osa-MIR2118m, osa-MIR2118n, osa-MIR2118o, osa-MIR2118p, osa-MIR2118q, osa-MIR2118r, osa-MIR2275a, osa-MIR2275b, zma-MIR2118a, zma-MIR2118b, zma-MIR2118c, zma-MIR2118d, zma-MIR2118e, zma-MIR2118f, zma-MIR2118g, zma-MIR2275a, zma-MIR2275b, zma-MIR2275c, zma-MIR2275d, zma-MIR156l, zma-MIR159e, zma-MIR159f, zma-MIR159g, zma-MIR159h, zma-MIR159i, zma-MIR159j, zma-MIR159k, zma-MIR160g, zma-MIR164e, zma-MIR164f, zma-MIR164g, zma-MIR164h, zma-MIR166n, zma-MIR167j, zma-MIR171l, zma-MIR171m, zma-MIR171n, zma-MIR390a, zma-MIR395d, zma-MIR395e, zma-MIR395f, zma-MIR395g, zma-MIR395h, zma-MIR395i, zma-MIR395j, zma-MIR395k, zma-MIR395l, zma-MIR395m, zma-MIR395n, zma-MIR395o, zma-MIR395p, zma-MIR408b, zma-MIR528a, zma-MIR528b, zma-MIR827, zma-MIR1432, zma-MIR390b, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y, osa-MIR2275c, osa-MIR2275d, zma-MIR444a, osa-MIR6251
[58, 67, 68], most of them showed different expression patterns upon exposure to light (Additional file 14) except (a) miR156, miR166, miR172, which showed almost identical expression curves, and (b) miR171 and miR390, which showed shifted expression patterns. [score:7]
For those miRNAs that showed similar expression patterns between maize and rice, i. e., miR156, miR166, miR168, miR172, miR2275 and miR528, GO enrichment analysis of their predicted targets was applied (Additional file 13). [score:5]
Similarly, expression levels of miR159 family, regulators of myeloblastosis (MYB) genes [41], and miR166 family, regulators of Homeodomain-Leucine zipper (HD- ZIP) transcription factor families [42], were also lower than control sample during de-etiolation process in maize, but higher than control sample in rice (Additional file 8). [score:5]
miR156, miR160, miR164, miR166, miR167, miR171, miR172, and miR390, had been earlier reported to play evolutionarily conserved roles in plant development [54]. [score:2]
The existence of one of the most conserved miRNA family, miR166, was estimated to date back to at least 400 million years old [66]. [score:1]
Many of them, i. e., miR156, miR160, miR164, miR166, miR167, miR171, miR172 and miR390, were suggested to play highly evolutionary conserved roles across plant species [54]. [score:1]
[1 to 20 of 6 sentences]
9
[+] score: 20
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR162a, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR171a, osa-MIR393a, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR398a, osa-MIR398b, osa-MIR399a, osa-MIR399b, osa-MIR399c, osa-MIR399d, osa-MIR399e, osa-MIR399f, osa-MIR399g, osa-MIR399h, osa-MIR399i, osa-MIR399j, osa-MIR399k, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR319a, osa-MIR319b, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR171b, osa-MIR171c, osa-MIR171d, osa-MIR171e, osa-MIR171f, osa-MIR171g, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR171h, osa-MIR393b, osa-MIR171i, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, osa-MIR396e, osa-MIR444a, osa-MIR529a, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, osa-MIR529b, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR444b, osa-MIR444c, osa-MIR444d, osa-MIR444e, osa-MIR444f, osa-MIR1436, osa-MIR396f, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y
A qRT-PCR -based assay for the expression of miRNAs under Cd stress in M. truncatula found that miR393, miR171, miR319, and miR529 were up-regulated, whereas miR166 and miR398 were down-regulated [16]. [score:8]
Five miRNA families (miR166, miR171, miR396, miR156, and miR444), whose target genes encode transcription factors, were all down-regulated in response to Cd exposure in rice [13]. [score:6]
In M. truncatula, miR393, miR171, miR319, and miR529 were up-regulated, whereas miR166 and miR398 were down-regulated in response to Cd treatment as determined by a qRT-PCR -based assay [16]. [score:6]
[1 to 20 of 3 sentences]
10
[+] score: 17
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR394, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR397a, osa-MIR397b, osa-MIR398a, osa-MIR398b, osa-MIR399a, osa-MIR399b, osa-MIR399c, osa-MIR399d, osa-MIR399e, osa-MIR399f, osa-MIR399g, osa-MIR399h, osa-MIR399i, osa-MIR399j, osa-MIR399k, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR319a, osa-MIR319b, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, osa-MIR396e, osa-MIR528, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR396f, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y, osa-MIR3980a, osa-MIR3980b, osa-MIR5794
For example, many miRNAs, such as miR156, miR159, miR160, and miR166, were up-regulated by heat stress in wheat (Xin et al., 2010), whereas these miRNAs were down-regulated in our study. [score:7]
These results imply that miR166 -mediated cleavage of the two target mRNAs might be involved in gynoecium development and heat tolerance at the flowering stage in rice. [score:4]
Firstly, a large number of conserved miRNAs (e. g., miR160, miR166, miR167, and miR168) exhibited higher expression level in the heat tolerant variety GXN over the heat sensitive variety HJX before heat stress. [score:3]
Among the miRNAs involved, the previously identified heat responsive miRNA miR166 (Xin et al., 2010) was included. [score:1]
These miRNA families include the three conserved miRNA families, miR166, miR169, and miR319, which have been confirmed to play pivotal roles in other stresses (Zhou et al., 2010; Ni et al., 2013; Li Y. et al., 2014). [score:1]
The 42 miRNAs include those miRNAs belonging to the highly conserved miRNA families such as miR160, miR166, miR167, and miR168. [score:1]
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[+] score: 15
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR398a, osa-MIR398b, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, osa-MIR396e, gma-MIR156d, gma-MIR156e, gma-MIR156c, gma-MIR159a, gma-MIR160a, gma-MIR166a, gma-MIR166b, gma-MIR167a, gma-MIR167b, gma-MIR168a, gma-MIR172a, gma-MIR172b, gma-MIR156a, gma-MIR396a, gma-MIR396b, gma-MIR398a, gma-MIR398b, gma-MIR156b, gma-MIR169a, osa-MIR169r, gma-MIR159b, gma-MIR159c, gma-MIR164a, gma-MIR167c, gma-MIR169b, gma-MIR169c, gma-MIR1514a, gma-MIR1514b, gma-MIR1536, gma-MIR1530, osa-MIR396f, gma-MIR167d, gma-MIR396c, gma-MIR167e, gma-MIR167f, gma-MIR172c, gma-MIR172d, gma-MIR172e, osa-MIR2118a, osa-MIR2118b, osa-MIR2118c, osa-MIR2118d, osa-MIR2118e, osa-MIR2118f, osa-MIR2118g, osa-MIR2118h, osa-MIR2118i, osa-MIR2118j, osa-MIR2118k, osa-MIR2118l, osa-MIR2118m, osa-MIR2118n, osa-MIR2118o, osa-MIR2118p, osa-MIR2118q, osa-MIR2118r, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, gma-MIR396d, gma-MIR167g, gma-MIR156f, gma-MIR169d, gma-MIR172f, gma-MIR169e, gma-MIR156g, gma-MIR159d, gma-MIR396e, gma-MIR156h, gma-MIR156i, gma-MIR160b, gma-MIR160c, gma-MIR160d, gma-MIR160e, gma-MIR164b, gma-MIR164c, gma-MIR164d, gma-MIR166c, gma-MIR166d, gma-MIR166e, gma-MIR166f, gma-MIR166g, gma-MIR166h, gma-MIR168b, gma-MIR169f, gma-MIR169g, gma-MIR398c, gma-MIR2118a, gma-MIR2118b, gma-MIR169h, gma-MIR167h, gma-MIR169i, gma-MIR396f, gma-MIR396g, gma-MIR167i, gma-MIR156j, gma-MIR156k, gma-MIR156l, gma-MIR156m, gma-MIR156n, gma-MIR156o, gma-MIR159e, gma-MIR159f, gma-MIR166i, gma-MIR166j, gma-MIR169j, gma-MIR169k, gma-MIR169l, gma-MIR169m, gma-MIR169n, gma-MIR172g, gma-MIR172h, gma-MIR172i, gma-MIR172j, gma-MIR396h, gma-MIR396i, gma-MIR167j, gma-MIR156p, gma-MIR172k, gma-MIR156q, gma-MIR172l, gma-MIR169o, gma-MIR169p, gma-MIR156r, gma-MIR396j, gma-MIR156s, gma-MIR169r, gma-MIR169s, gma-MIR396k, gma-MIR166k, gma-MIR156t, gma-MIR169t, gma-MIR166l, gma-MIR166m, gma-MIR169u, gma-MIR156u, gma-MIR156v, gma-MIR156w, gma-MIR156x, gma-MIR156y, gma-MIR156z, gma-MIR156aa, gma-MIR156ab, gma-MIR160f, gma-MIR164e, gma-MIR164f, gma-MIR164g, gma-MIR164h, gma-MIR164i, gma-MIR164j, gma-MIR164k, gma-MIR166n, gma-MIR166o, gma-MIR166p, gma-MIR166q, gma-MIR166r, gma-MIR166s, gma-MIR166t, gma-MIR166u, gma-MIR169v, gma-MIR398d, gma-MIR167k, gma-MIR167l, gma-MIR169w
It should be noted that many targets of a single conserved miRNA are in pairs with very similar sequences, and the gma-miR156, gma-miR160, gma-miR164, gma-miR166, gma-miR172 and gma-miR396 had at least 10 targets, with the gma-miR396 having more than 20 targets (Table 3). [score:7]
Figure 5 Validation of gma-miR166 targets matched by identical reads. [score:3]
For gma-miR166, 7 targets were matched by identical reads (Table 3). [score:3]
Three genes, Glyma13640, Glyma6g09100 and Glyma08g21610, were found to be cleaved by gma-miRNA166 after sequencing 6, 10 and 4 clones, respectively (Figure 5). [score:1]
One gene (Glyma07g01950) could not be confirmed to be cleaved by gma-miR166. [score:1]
[1 to 20 of 5 sentences]
12
[+] score: 15
Other miRNAs from this paper: ath-MIR159a, ath-MIR162a, ath-MIR162b, ath-MIR166a, ath-MIR166b, ath-MIR166c, ath-MIR166d, ath-MIR166e, ath-MIR166f, ath-MIR166g, ath-MIR169a, ath-MIR171a, ath-MIR159b, ath-MIR319a, ath-MIR319b, osa-MIR162a, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR171a, ath-MIR169b, ath-MIR169c, ath-MIR169d, ath-MIR169e, ath-MIR169f, ath-MIR169g, ath-MIR169h, ath-MIR169i, ath-MIR169j, ath-MIR169k, ath-MIR169l, ath-MIR169m, ath-MIR169n, ath-MIR171b, ath-MIR171c, ath-MIR390a, ath-MIR390b, ath-MIR396a, ath-MIR396b, ath-MIR398a, ath-MIR398b, ath-MIR398c, ath-MIR399a, ath-MIR399b, ath-MIR399c, ath-MIR399d, ath-MIR399e, ath-MIR399f, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR398a, osa-MIR398b, osa-MIR399a, osa-MIR399b, osa-MIR399c, osa-MIR399d, osa-MIR399e, osa-MIR399f, osa-MIR399g, osa-MIR399h, osa-MIR399i, osa-MIR399j, osa-MIR399k, ath-MIR408, ath-MIR159c, ath-MIR319c, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR319a, osa-MIR319b, osa-MIR162b, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR171b, osa-MIR171c, osa-MIR171d, osa-MIR171e, osa-MIR171f, osa-MIR171g, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR171h, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR171i, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, ath-MIR414, osa-MIR414, osa-MIR390, osa-MIR396e, ptc-MIR156k, ptc-MIR159a, ptc-MIR159b, ptc-MIR159d, ptc-MIR159e, ptc-MIR159c, ptc-MIR162a, ptc-MIR162b, ptc-MIR166a, ptc-MIR166b, ptc-MIR166c, ptc-MIR166d, ptc-MIR166e, ptc-MIR166f, ptc-MIR166g, ptc-MIR166h, ptc-MIR166i, ptc-MIR166j, ptc-MIR166k, ptc-MIR166l, ptc-MIR166m, ptc-MIR166n, ptc-MIR166o, ptc-MIR166p, ptc-MIR166q, ptc-MIR169a, ptc-MIR169aa, ptc-MIR169ab, ptc-MIR169ac, ptc-MIR169ad, ptc-MIR169ae, ptc-MIR169af, ptc-MIR169b, ptc-MIR169c, ptc-MIR169d, ptc-MIR169e, ptc-MIR169f, ptc-MIR169g, ptc-MIR169h, ptc-MIR169i, ptc-MIR169j, ptc-MIR169k, ptc-MIR169l, ptc-MIR169m, ptc-MIR169n, ptc-MIR169o, ptc-MIR169p, ptc-MIR169q, ptc-MIR169r, ptc-MIR169s, ptc-MIR169t, ptc-MIR169u, ptc-MIR169v, ptc-MIR169w, ptc-MIR169x, ptc-MIR169y, ptc-MIR169z, ptc-MIR171a, ptc-MIR171b, ptc-MIR171c, ptc-MIR171d, ptc-MIR171e, ptc-MIR171f, ptc-MIR171g, ptc-MIR171h, ptc-MIR171i, ptc-MIR319a, ptc-MIR319b, ptc-MIR319c, ptc-MIR319d, ptc-MIR319e, ptc-MIR319f, ptc-MIR319g, ptc-MIR319h, ptc-MIR319i, ptc-MIR390a, ptc-MIR390b, ptc-MIR390c, ptc-MIR390d, ptc-MIR396a, ptc-MIR396b, ptc-MIR396c, ptc-MIR396d, ptc-MIR396e, ptc-MIR396f, ptc-MIR396g, ptc-MIR398a, ptc-MIR398b, ptc-MIR398c, ptc-MIR399a, ptc-MIR399b, ptc-MIR399d, ptc-MIR399f, ptc-MIR399g, ptc-MIR399h, ptc-MIR399i, ptc-MIR399j, ptc-MIR399c, ptc-MIR399e, ptc-MIR408, ptc-MIR482a, ptc-MIR171k, osa-MIR169r, ptc-MIR171l, ptc-MIR171m, ptc-MIR171j, ptc-MIR1448, osa-MIR396f, osa-MIR2118a, osa-MIR2118b, osa-MIR2118c, osa-MIR2118d, osa-MIR2118e, osa-MIR2118f, osa-MIR2118g, osa-MIR2118h, osa-MIR2118i, osa-MIR2118j, osa-MIR2118k, osa-MIR2118l, osa-MIR2118m, osa-MIR2118n, osa-MIR2118o, osa-MIR2118p, osa-MIR2118q, osa-MIR2118r, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, ptc-MIR482d, ptc-MIR169ag, ptc-MIR482b, ptc-MIR482c, pde-MIR159, pde-MIR162, pde-MIR166a, pde-MIR166b, pde-MIR169, pde-MIR171, pde-MIR390, pde-MIR396, pde-MIR482a, pde-MIR482b, pde-MIR482c, pde-MIR482d, pde-MIR946, pde-MIR947, pde-MIR949a, pde-MIR950, pde-MIR951, pde-MIR952a, pde-MIR952b, pde-MIR952c, pde-MIR1311, pde-MIR1312, pde-MIR1313, pde-MIR1314, pde-MIR3701, pde-MIR3704a, pde-MIR3704b, pde-MIR3712
Pde-MIR171 family had two conserved targets, while pde-MIR162 and pde-MIR166 families each had only one conserved target. [score:5]
For example, HD-ZIP and GRAS family transcription factors, which are important to root and nodule development in Medicago truncatula and nutrient homeostasis in maize, were predicted to be targets of pde-MIR166 and pde-MIR171, respectively [50, 51]. [score:4]
It includes DCL1 targeted by pde-miR162, GRAS family transcription factor cleaved by pde-miR171, Class III HD-Zip protein HDZ33 regulated by pde-miR166 and CC-NBS-LRR resistance-like protein sliced by pde-miR2118. [score:4]
It includes pde-MIR159, pde-MIR162, pde-MIR166, pde-MIR169, pde-MIR171, pde-MIR390, pde-MIR396 and pde-MIR399. [score:1]
The result suggests that pde-miR166 may play key roles in a variety of physiological processes in P. densata needles. [score:1]
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[+] score: 15
Employing 35S, Ubi, and ACTIN promoters, previous studies identified functions of many miRNAs and their target genes via expressing miRNA-resistant versions of target genes, such as 35S::mTCP2, 35S::mTCP3, 35S::mTCP4, 35S::mCUP1, and 35S::mCUP2 (Arabidopsis miR164 target genes) 42 43, 35S::mAP2 (Arabidopsis miR172 target gene) 44, 35S::mSlyARF10 (tomato miR160 target gene) 26, UBI:mGRF6 (rice miR396 traget gene) 45, as well as ACTIN:: mOSHB1, ACTIN:: mOSHB3 and ACTIN:: mOSHB5 (rice miR166 target genes) 46. [score:15]
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[+] score: 15
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR399a, osa-MIR399b, osa-MIR399c, osa-MIR399d, osa-MIR399e, osa-MIR399f, osa-MIR399g, osa-MIR399h, osa-MIR399i, osa-MIR399j, osa-MIR399k, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, osa-MIR528, osa-MIR535, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, osa-MIR820a, osa-MIR820b, osa-MIR820c, osa-MIR821a, osa-MIR821b, osa-MIR821c, osa-MIR1432, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR1846d, osa-MIR1846a, osa-MIR1846b, osa-MIR1876, osa-MIR1846c, osa-MIR1846e, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y
MiR166 was down-regulated by gibberellins (GA) in rice, followed by the elevated expression level of HD-Zip [45]. [score:5]
To validate the microarray results of genome wide analysis, nine differentially expressed miRNAs from miR156, miR164, miR166, miR167, miR168, miR528, miR820, miR821 and miR1318 families were selected for the validation of their expression levels. [score:5]
For example, HD-Zip transcription factors targeted by miR166 were involved in shoot meristem initiation, leaf polarity establishment, and lateral root development [42], [43]. [score:4]
These miRNAs belong to miR156, miR164, miR166, miR167, miR168, miR169, miR528, miR535, miR820, miR821, miR1318, miR1432, miR1846, miR1876, and miR2123 families. [score:1]
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[+] score: 14
HD-ZIP III has been shown to play a positive role in lateral root formation [49] and it has been reported that up-regulation of miR166, which can regulate HD-ZIP III, decreases the number of lateral roots [80]. [score:5]
For example, class III HD-Zip could be regulated by different members of miR166, including miR166m, miR166g/h and miR166a-d/f/h, although in some cases, their expression patterns were different from each other under different conditions. [score:4]
Thus, this miRNA family (miR166) has a greater tendency to regulate lateral roots under drought stress than under drought signaling. [score:2]
Among them regulation of ARF (miR160 and miR167), MYB (miR159), AP2 (miR172), HD-Zip III (miR166) and NAC (miR164) were confirmed experimentally [38, 39, 40, 41, 42]. [score:2]
Figure indicates that miR168, miR156 and miR166 are most abundant miRNAs. [score:1]
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[+] score: 13
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR162a, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR171a, osa-MIR393a, osa-MIR394, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR397a, osa-MIR397b, osa-MIR398a, osa-MIR398b, osa-MIR399a, osa-MIR399b, osa-MIR399c, osa-MIR399d, osa-MIR399e, osa-MIR399f, osa-MIR399g, osa-MIR399h, osa-MIR399i, osa-MIR399j, osa-MIR399k, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR319a, osa-MIR319b, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR162b, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR171b, osa-MIR171c, osa-MIR171d, osa-MIR171e, osa-MIR171f, osa-MIR171g, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR171h, osa-MIR393b, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR171i, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, osa-MIR426, osa-MIR390, osa-MIR396e, osa-MIR528, osa-MIR530, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, osa-MIR810a, osa-MIR812a, osa-MIR812b, osa-MIR812c, osa-MIR812d, osa-MIR812e, osa-MIR820a, osa-MIR1423, osa-MIR1425, osa-MIR1432, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR810b, osa-MIR1436, osa-MIR1441, osa-MIR1861a, osa-MIR1861b, osa-MIR1861c, osa-MIR1861d, osa-MIR1861e, osa-MIR1861f, osa-MIR1861g, osa-MIR1861h, osa-MIR1861i, osa-MIR1861j, osa-MIR1861k, osa-MIR1861l, osa-MIR1861m, osa-MIR1861n, osa-MIR1862a, osa-MIR1862b, osa-MIR1862c, osa-MIR812f, osa-MIR1873, osa-MIR1862d, osa-MIR1862e, osa-MIR812g, osa-MIR812h, osa-MIR812i, osa-MIR812j, osa-MIR827, osa-MIR396f, osa-MIR2873a, osa-MIR2878, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y, osa-MIR812k, osa-MIR812l, osa-MIR812m, osa-MIR1862f, osa-MIR1862g, osa-MIR812n, osa-MIR812o, osa-MIR2873b, osa-MIR5071, osa-MIR5074, osa-MIR5075, osa-MIR5077, osa-MIR5080, osa-MIR5081, osa-MIR5144, osa-MIR812p, osa-MIR812q, osa-MIR812r, osa-MIR5795, osa-MIR812s, osa-MIR5802, osa-MIR812t, osa-MIR812u, osa-MIR5805, osa-MIR812v, osa-MIR5807, osa-MIR2873c, osa-MIR6253, osa-MIR1861o
Expression profiles from both studies clearly show consistency in identifying the highly expressed and lowly expressed members, especially for 10 conserved miRNA families (MIR156, MIR160, MIR162, MIR164, MIR166, MIR167, MIR168, MIR171, MIR172 and MIR396). [score:7]
Among the 21 highly conserved miRNA families in rice, mature miRNAs of over 15 and 16 families were found to be differentially expressed in leaf and stem respectively with 11 families having at least a common mature miRNA member that was differentially expressed between both tissues such as osa-MIR159, osa-MIR160, osa-MIR166, osa-MIR169, osa-MIR171, osa-MIR390, osa-MIR394, osa-MIR397, osa-MIR398, osa-MIR399 and osa-MIR408 (refer to Additional file 8 for their functional information). [score:5]
as high [transcripts per million (TPM) > 10000/100000; osa-MIR168, osa-MIR156, osa-MIR166], moderate (TPM = 100–10000; osa-MIR167, osa-MIR397, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR159, osa-MIR164, osa-MIR172, osa-MIR396) and low (TPM < 100; osa-MIR160, osa-MIR162, osa-MIR169, osa-MIR171, osa-MIR390, osa-MIR393, osa-MIR394, osa-MIR395, osa-MIR398, osa-MIR399, osa-MIR827). [score:1]
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[+] score: 12
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR397b, osa-MIR399a, osa-MIR399b, osa-MIR399c, osa-MIR399d, osa-MIR399e, osa-MIR399f, osa-MIR399g, osa-MIR399h, osa-MIR399i, osa-MIR399j, osa-MIR399k, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR319b, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR171d, osa-MIR171f, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR396e, osa-MIR444a, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, osa-MIR820c, osa-MIR444b, osa-MIR444c, osa-MIR444d, osa-MIR444e, osa-MIR444f, osa-MIR1441, osa-MIR1846b, osa-MIR1882e, osa-MIR1883b, osa-MIR1846e, osa-MIR396f, osa-MIR2120, osa-MIR2118a, osa-MIR2118b, osa-MIR2118c, osa-MIR2118d, osa-MIR2118e, osa-MIR2118f, osa-MIR2118g, osa-MIR2118h, osa-MIR2118i, osa-MIR2118j, osa-MIR2118k, osa-MIR2118l, osa-MIR2118m, osa-MIR2118n, osa-MIR2118o, osa-MIR2118p, osa-MIR2118q, osa-MIR2118r, osa-MIR2879, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y, osa-MIR5158, osa-MIR5143b, osa-MIR5835, osa-MIR7693, osa-MIR7695
The osa-MIR166k was down-regulated at 3 dpi and nine of 13 target genes for osa-MIR166k were up-regulated. [score:9]
For example, the well-known plant miRNAs such as osa-MIR166, osa-MIR167 and osa-MIR395 families are known to be involved in early rice developmental stages [18]. [score:2]
Many identified miRNAs in this study were also identified in previous reports such as osa-MIR166 family and osa-MIR167 family and their read counts were very high [30, 31, 44]. [score:1]
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18
[+] score: 11
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR397a, osa-MIR397b, osa-MIR398a, osa-MIR398b, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR319a, osa-MIR319b, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR393b, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, osa-MIR390, osa-MIR528, osa-MIR529a, osa-MIR812a, osa-MIR812b, osa-MIR812c, osa-MIR812d, osa-MIR812e, osa-MIR815c, osa-MIR818d, osa-MIR529b, osa-MIR1425, osa-MIR1428a, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR1436, osa-MIR1428b, osa-MIR1428c, osa-MIR1428d, osa-MIR1428e, osa-MIR1858a, osa-MIR1861a, osa-MIR1861b, osa-MIR1861c, osa-MIR1861d, osa-MIR1861e, osa-MIR1861f, osa-MIR1861g, osa-MIR1861h, osa-MIR1861i, osa-MIR1861j, osa-MIR1861k, osa-MIR1861l, osa-MIR1861m, osa-MIR1861n, osa-MIR812f, osa-MIR1862d, osa-MIR812g, osa-MIR812h, osa-MIR812i, osa-MIR812j, osa-MIR1428f, osa-MIR1428g, osa-MIR812k, osa-MIR812l, osa-MIR812m, osa-MIR812n, osa-MIR812o, osa-MIR812p, osa-MIR812q, osa-MIR812r, osa-MIR812s, osa-MIR812t, osa-MIR812u, osa-MIR812v, osa-MIR1861o
Similarly, although ectopic expression of miR166 resulted in loss of HD-ZIPIII expression in the SAM region of the developing embryo [69] and was also found expressed in a development stage -dependent manner during rice grain filling (Fig. 7D ). [score:8]
MiR156 and miR166 play a role in overall spikelets development, while miR167, miR164, miR812, miR1861, miR1428 and miR45 play a specific role in the differentiation during rice grain filling (Fig. 8 ). [score:2]
Similar trends were observed in miR156, miR164, miR166, and miR1861 (Fig. 7B–E ), but were not apparent for miR812 (Fig. 7F ). [score:1]
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[+] score: 11
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR162a, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR171a, osa-MIR393a, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR397a, osa-MIR398a, osa-MIR398b, osa-MIR399a, osa-MIR399b, osa-MIR399c, osa-MIR399d, osa-MIR399e, osa-MIR399f, osa-MIR399g, osa-MIR399h, osa-MIR399i, osa-MIR399j, osa-MIR399k, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR319a, osa-MIR319b, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR162b, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR171b, osa-MIR171c, osa-MIR171d, osa-MIR171e, osa-MIR171f, osa-MIR171g, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR171h, osa-MIR393b, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR171i, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, osa-MIR390, osa-MIR396e, gma-MIR156d, gma-MIR156e, gma-MIR156c, gma-MIR159a, gma-MIR160a, gma-MIR166a, gma-MIR166b, gma-MIR167a, gma-MIR167b, gma-MIR168a, gma-MIR172a, gma-MIR172b, gma-MIR319a, gma-MIR319b, gma-MIR156a, gma-MIR396a, gma-MIR396b, gma-MIR398a, gma-MIR398b, gma-MIR319c, gma-MIR156b, gma-MIR169a, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, osa-MIR169r, gma-MIR159b, gma-MIR159c, gma-MIR162a, gma-MIR164a, gma-MIR167c, gma-MIR169b, gma-MIR169c, gma-MIR171a, gma-MIR390a, gma-MIR390b, gma-MIR393a, gma-MIR171b, gma-MIR482a, gma-MIR1507a, gma-MIR1508a, gma-MIR1509a, gma-MIR1510a, gma-MIR1511, gma-MIR1512a, gma-MIR1515a, osa-MIR827, osa-MIR396f, gma-MIR167d, gma-MIR396c, gma-MIR1507b, gma-MIR1510b, gma-MIR2109, gma-MIR167e, gma-MIR167f, gma-MIR172c, gma-MIR172d, gma-MIR172e, gma-MIR1509b, osa-MIR2118a, osa-MIR2118b, osa-MIR2118c, osa-MIR2118d, osa-MIR2118e, osa-MIR2118f, osa-MIR2118g, osa-MIR2118h, osa-MIR2118i, osa-MIR2118j, osa-MIR2118k, osa-MIR2118l, osa-MIR2118m, osa-MIR2118n, osa-MIR2118o, osa-MIR2118p, osa-MIR2118q, osa-MIR2118r, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y, gma-MIR396d, gma-MIR482b, gma-MIR167g, gma-MIR156f, gma-MIR169d, gma-MIR172f, gma-MIR171c, gma-MIR169e, gma-MIR156g, gma-MIR159d, gma-MIR4416a, gma-MIR396e, gma-MIR156h, gma-MIR156i, gma-MIR160b, gma-MIR160c, gma-MIR160d, gma-MIR160e, gma-MIR162b, gma-MIR164b, gma-MIR164c, gma-MIR164d, gma-MIR166c, gma-MIR166d, gma-MIR166e, gma-MIR166f, gma-MIR166g, gma-MIR166h, gma-MIR168b, gma-MIR169f, gma-MIR169g, gma-MIR171d, gma-MIR171e, gma-MIR171f, gma-MIR171g, gma-MIR319d, gma-MIR319e, gma-MIR319f, gma-MIR390c, gma-MIR398c, gma-MIR408d, gma-MIR2118a, gma-MIR2118b, gma-MIR482c, gma-MIR1507c, gma-MIR171h, gma-MIR171i, gma-MIR169h, gma-MIR167h, gma-MIR169i, gma-MIR396f, gma-MIR396g, gma-MIR167i, gma-MIR171j, gma-MIR395a, gma-MIR395b, gma-MIR395c, gma-MIR397a, gma-MIR408a, gma-MIR408b, gma-MIR408c, gma-MIR156j, gma-MIR156k, gma-MIR156l, gma-MIR156m, gma-MIR156n, gma-MIR156o, gma-MIR159e, gma-MIR159f, gma-MIR162c, gma-MIR166i, gma-MIR166j, gma-MIR169j, gma-MIR169k, gma-MIR169l, gma-MIR169m, gma-MIR169n, gma-MIR171k, gma-MIR172g, gma-MIR172h, gma-MIR172i, gma-MIR172j, gma-MIR319g, gma-MIR319h, gma-MIR319i, gma-MIR319j, gma-MIR319k, gma-MIR319l, gma-MIR319m, gma-MIR396h, gma-MIR396i, gma-MIR482d, gma-MIR1512b, gma-MIR167j, gma-MIR171l, gma-MIR2111a, gma-MIR1512c, gma-MIR393b, gma-MIR399a, gma-MIR156p, gma-MIR171m, gma-MIR172k, gma-MIR171n, gma-MIR156q, gma-MIR171o, gma-MIR172l, gma-MIR169o, gma-MIR319n, gma-MIR171p, gma-MIR169p, gma-MIR156r, gma-MIR399b, gma-MIR396j, gma-MIR171q, gma-MIR156s, gma-MIR169r, gma-MIR169s, gma-MIR396k, gma-MIR2111b, gma-MIR2111c, gma-MIR166k, gma-MIR2111d, gma-MIR156t, gma-MIR482e, gma-MIR399c, gma-MIR171r, gma-MIR399d, gma-MIR399e, gma-MIR169t, gma-MIR171s, gma-MIR166l, gma-MIR171t, gma-MIR2111e, gma-MIR2111f, gma-MIR171u, gma-MIR399f, gma-MIR399g, gma-MIR395d, gma-MIR395e, gma-MIR395f, gma-MIR395g, gma-MIR166m, gma-MIR169u, gma-MIR399h, gma-MIR156u, gma-MIR156v, gma-MIR156w, gma-MIR156x, gma-MIR156y, gma-MIR156z, gma-MIR156aa, gma-MIR156ab, gma-MIR160f, gma-MIR164e, gma-MIR164f, gma-MIR164g, gma-MIR164h, gma-MIR164i, gma-MIR164j, gma-MIR164k, gma-MIR166n, gma-MIR166o, gma-MIR166p, gma-MIR166q, gma-MIR166r, gma-MIR166s, gma-MIR166t, gma-MIR166u, gma-MIR169v, gma-MIR390d, gma-MIR390e, gma-MIR390f, gma-MIR390g, gma-MIR393c, gma-MIR393d, gma-MIR393e, gma-MIR393f, gma-MIR393g, gma-MIR393h, gma-MIR393i, gma-MIR393j, gma-MIR393k, gma-MIR395h, gma-MIR395i, gma-MIR395j, gma-MIR395k, gma-MIR395l, gma-MIR395m, gma-MIR1515b, gma-MIR398d, gma-MIR319o, gma-MIR319p, gma-MIR399i, gma-MIR167k, gma-MIR319q, gma-MIR167l, gma-MIR399j, gma-MIR399k, gma-MIR169w, gma-MIR399l, gma-MIR399m, gma-MIR399n, gma-MIR399o
For example, expression levels of miR156 family members ranged from 46 to 66744 TPM in leaves, and from 0.01 (actually 0, only for normalization) to 22303 TPM in roots, and expression levels of miR166 family members ranged from from 48 to 16705 TPM in leaves, and from 12 to 20693 TPM in roots (Table 3). [score:5]
It was reported that five conserved miRNAs (miR159, miR162, miR166, miR390, and miR399) presented similar expression levels in root apexes and nodules, but miR169, miR171, miR393, and miR396 enriched in root tips [41]. [score:3]
Relative to other miR166s, gma-miR166g, miR166k, miR166h-3p and miR166j-3p were abundant in soybean roots (Table 3). [score:1]
Consistently, four HD-ZIP transcription factors were predicted to be cleaved by miR166 family miRNAs (Additional file 7). [score:1]
In addition, 11 miR166s were identified for the first time (Table 3), indicating that miR166 is also a very big miRNA family in soybean. [score:1]
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[+] score: 11
Other miRNAs from this paper: ath-MIR156a, ath-MIR156b, ath-MIR156c, ath-MIR156d, ath-MIR156e, ath-MIR156f, ath-MIR159a, ath-MIR160a, ath-MIR160b, ath-MIR160c, ath-MIR164a, ath-MIR164b, ath-MIR166a, ath-MIR166b, ath-MIR166c, ath-MIR166d, ath-MIR166e, ath-MIR166f, ath-MIR166g, ath-MIR167a, ath-MIR167b, ath-MIR168a, ath-MIR168b, ath-MIR171a, ath-MIR172a, ath-MIR172b, ath-MIR159b, ath-MIR319a, osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR171a, ath-MIR167d, ath-MIR172c, ath-MIR172d, ath-MIR393a, ath-MIR393b, ath-MIR396a, ath-MIR396b, ath-MIR398a, osa-MIR393a, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR398a, ath-MIR156g, ath-MIR156h, ath-MIR159c, ath-MIR164c, ath-MIR167c, ath-MIR172e, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR319a, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR393b, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR437, osa-MIR396e, osa-MIR444a, osa-MIR528, osa-MIR531a, osa-MIR1425, osa-MIR444b, osa-MIR444c, osa-MIR444d, osa-MIR444e, osa-MIR444f, osa-MIR531b, osa-MIR1862a, osa-MIR1862b, osa-MIR1862c, osa-MIR1873, osa-MIR1862d, osa-MIR1862e, osa-MIR396f, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, osa-MIR1862f, osa-MIR1862g, ath-MIR5021, osa-MIR5072, osa-MIR5077, ath-MIR156i, ath-MIR156j, osa-MIR531c
BLAST2GO helped in localization of predicted targets and KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia for Genes and Genomes) pathway analysis concluded that miR9662, miR894, miR172, and miR166 might be involved in regulating saponin biosynthetic pathway. [score:4]
Out of all, on the basis of bioinformatic analysis maximum expression was observed for miR159 family i. e. 315,441 reads followed by miR166 and miR167 family with 56,445 and 25,592 reads respectively and 17 miRNA families were reported to have less than 10 reads. [score:3]
On the basis of data analysis, it can be predicted that miR159 and miR166 have maximum expression in leaf during the period of its active growth. [score:3]
miR166 family with 56 member followed by miR159 (52 members) family were found to have maximum number of members in the library, although 14 miRNA families such as miR393, miR444, miR473, miR531, miR1425, miR1862, miR1873, miR3623, miR3634, miR5072, miR5077, miR7486, miR9662, and miR9674 were found to have only one member. [score:1]
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[+] score: 11
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR171a, osa-MIR393a, osa-MIR397a, osa-MIR397b, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR319b, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR171b, osa-MIR171c, osa-MIR171d, osa-MIR171e, osa-MIR171f, osa-MIR171g, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR171h, osa-MIR393b, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR171i, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, zma-MIR156d, zma-MIR156f, zma-MIR156g, zma-MIR156b, zma-MIR156c, zma-MIR156e, zma-MIR156a, zma-MIR156h, zma-MIR156i, zma-MIR166a, zma-MIR166h, zma-MIR166e, zma-MIR166i, zma-MIR166f, zma-MIR166g, zma-MIR166b, zma-MIR166c, zma-MIR166d, zma-MIR171a, zma-MIR171b, zma-MIR172a, zma-MIR172d, zma-MIR172b, zma-MIR172c, zma-MIR171d, zma-MIR171f, zma-MIR156j, zma-MIR159a, zma-MIR159b, zma-MIR159c, zma-MIR159d, zma-MIR319b, zma-MIR166k, zma-MIR166j, zma-MIR168a, zma-MIR168b, zma-MIR169f, zma-MIR171c, zma-MIR171j, zma-MIR171e, zma-MIR171i, zma-MIR171g, zma-MIR172e, zma-MIR166l, zma-MIR166m, zma-MIR171k, zma-MIR171h, zma-MIR393a, zma-MIR156k, osa-MIR529a, tae-MIR159a, tae-MIR159b, tae-MIR171a, tae-MIR1120a, osa-MIR1430, zma-MIR156l, zma-MIR159e, zma-MIR159f, zma-MIR159g, zma-MIR159h, zma-MIR159i, zma-MIR159j, zma-MIR159k, zma-MIR166n, zma-MIR171l, zma-MIR171m, zma-MIR171n, zma-MIR393b, zma-MIR393c, zma-MIR397a, zma-MIR397b, hvu-MIR156a, tae-MIR156, hvu-MIR159b, hvu-MIR159a, hvu-MIR166a, hvu-MIR168, hvu-MIR171, hvu-MIR397a, tae-MIR171b, hvu-MIR1120, hvu-MIR166b, osa-MIR3981, hvu-MIR166c, tae-MIR1120b, tae-MIR397, tae-MIR1120c, hvu-MIR397b, hvu-MIR156b
The highest expression level of pre-miR166n detected in 1-week-old plants corresponded to the lowest level of mature miR166 observed in the same growth stage. [score:3]
MIR166n generates two transcripts with heterogeneous, developmentally specific 5′ endsThe detailed structure of the MIR166n gene and its pre-miRNA are shown in Figure 3A and B. miR166 is represented by a very large gene family in both monocot and dicot plants. [score:2]
The level of the mature miR166 reached its highest level in 2-week-old plants. [score:1]
However, despite the identical sequences of mature miR166b and miR166n species, the nucleotide sequences of their pre-miRNAs are different, confirming that the miR166n described in this paper is a novel member of the miR166 family in barley. [score:1]
In Arabidopsis, the miR166 family consists of seven members [3, 8], whereas in both rice and maize, 14 miR166s were annotated [3, 4, 57, 60, 61]. [score:1]
Concerning the barley miR166 family, so far only three members, including miR166a, b and c, have been annotated in miRBase (release 19) among which only miR166b has been experimentally confirmed [48]. [score:1]
The detailed structure of the MIR166n gene and its pre-miRNA are shown in Figure 3A and B. miR166 is represented by a very large gene family in both monocot and dicot plants. [score:1]
In general, our observations show that the miR166 level fluctuates when various developmental stages are compared (Figure 3E). [score:1]
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[+] score: 10
Figure 3 Polymorphism of the mature sequences of the miR166 family and their targets in rice. [score:3]
miRNA -mediated cleavage takes place between positions 10 and 11, a mutation from C to G at the tenth position might abolish miR166e -mediated cleavage of Os03 g16320 in these accessions, but whether this change has a consequence on rice depends on the specific interaction between miR166e and Os03 g16320 because Os03 g16320 could still be regulated by other members of the miR166 family. [score:3]
At least one member each of four miRNA families (miR166, miR167, miR171 and miR395) were found to have experienced positive selection based on Tajima's D test in the natural Arabidopsis populations [16, 17]. [score:1]
In all other members of the miR166 family the fourth base is G (Figure 3). [score:1]
In our study, significant signals of positive selection were also detected by Tajima's D test in at least one member of the miR166, miR167 and miR395 family in indica or japonica subgroup (Additional file 3), implying a potential conservation of adaptive evolution between rice and Arabidopsis for these miRNA families. [score:1]
As an example, the polymorphic mature sequence of the miR166 family is presented in Figure 3 (further details are shown in Additional file 3 and 4). [score:1]
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[+] score: 10
Other miRNAs from this paper: ath-MIR156a, ath-MIR156b, ath-MIR156c, ath-MIR156d, ath-MIR156e, ath-MIR156f, ath-MIR159a, ath-MIR160a, ath-MIR160b, ath-MIR160c, ath-MIR162a, ath-MIR162b, ath-MIR164a, ath-MIR164b, ath-MIR166a, ath-MIR166b, ath-MIR166c, ath-MIR166d, ath-MIR166e, ath-MIR166f, ath-MIR166g, ath-MIR167a, ath-MIR167b, ath-MIR169a, ath-MIR171a, ath-MIR172a, ath-MIR172b, ath-MIR159b, osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR162a, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR171a, ath-MIR167d, ath-MIR169b, ath-MIR169c, ath-MIR169d, ath-MIR169e, ath-MIR169f, ath-MIR169g, ath-MIR169h, ath-MIR169i, ath-MIR169j, ath-MIR169k, ath-MIR169l, ath-MIR169m, ath-MIR169n, ath-MIR171b, ath-MIR171c, ath-MIR172c, ath-MIR172d, ath-MIR393a, ath-MIR393b, ath-MIR394a, ath-MIR394b, ath-MIR395a, ath-MIR395b, ath-MIR395c, ath-MIR395d, ath-MIR395e, ath-MIR395f, osa-MIR393a, osa-MIR394, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, ath-MIR156g, ath-MIR156h, ath-MIR159c, ath-MIR164c, ath-MIR167c, ath-MIR172e, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR162b, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR171b, osa-MIR171c, osa-MIR171d, osa-MIR171e, osa-MIR171f, osa-MIR171g, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR171h, osa-MIR393b, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR171i, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, zma-MIR156d, zma-MIR156f, zma-MIR156g, zma-MIR156b, zma-MIR156c, zma-MIR156e, zma-MIR156a, zma-MIR156h, zma-MIR156i, zma-MIR160a, zma-MIR160c, zma-MIR160d, zma-MIR160b, zma-MIR164a, zma-MIR164d, zma-MIR164b, zma-MIR164c, zma-MIR169a, zma-MIR169b, zma-MIR167a, zma-MIR167b, zma-MIR167d, zma-MIR167c, zma-MIR160e, zma-MIR166a, zma-MIR162, zma-MIR166h, zma-MIR166e, zma-MIR166i, zma-MIR166f, zma-MIR166g, zma-MIR166b, zma-MIR166c, zma-MIR166d, zma-MIR171a, zma-MIR171b, zma-MIR172a, zma-MIR172d, zma-MIR172b, zma-MIR172c, zma-MIR171d, zma-MIR171f, zma-MIR394a, zma-MIR394b, zma-MIR395b, zma-MIR395c, zma-MIR395a, zma-MIR156j, zma-MIR159a, zma-MIR159b, zma-MIR159c, zma-MIR159d, zma-MIR166k, zma-MIR166j, zma-MIR167e, zma-MIR167f, zma-MIR167g, zma-MIR167h, zma-MIR167i, zma-MIR169c, zma-MIR169f, zma-MIR169g, zma-MIR169h, zma-MIR169i, zma-MIR169k, zma-MIR169j, zma-MIR169d, zma-MIR169e, zma-MIR171c, zma-MIR171j, zma-MIR171e, zma-MIR171i, zma-MIR171g, zma-MIR172e, zma-MIR166l, zma-MIR166m, zma-MIR171k, zma-MIR171h, zma-MIR393a, zma-MIR156k, zma-MIR160f, osa-MIR528, osa-MIR529a, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, ath-MIR827, osa-MIR529b, osa-MIR1432, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR827, osa-MIR2118a, osa-MIR2118b, osa-MIR2118c, osa-MIR2118d, osa-MIR2118e, osa-MIR2118f, osa-MIR2118g, osa-MIR2118h, osa-MIR2118i, osa-MIR2118j, osa-MIR2118k, osa-MIR2118l, osa-MIR2118m, osa-MIR2118n, osa-MIR2118o, osa-MIR2118p, osa-MIR2118q, osa-MIR2118r, osa-MIR2275a, osa-MIR2275b, zma-MIR2118a, zma-MIR2118b, zma-MIR2118c, zma-MIR2118d, zma-MIR2118e, zma-MIR2118f, zma-MIR2118g, zma-MIR2275a, zma-MIR2275b, zma-MIR2275c, zma-MIR2275d, zma-MIR156l, zma-MIR159e, zma-MIR159f, zma-MIR159g, zma-MIR159h, zma-MIR159i, zma-MIR159j, zma-MIR159k, zma-MIR160g, zma-MIR164e, zma-MIR164f, zma-MIR164g, zma-MIR164h, zma-MIR166n, zma-MIR167j, zma-MIR169l, zma-MIR169m, zma-MIR169n, zma-MIR169o, zma-MIR169p, zma-MIR169q, zma-MIR169r, zma-MIR171l, zma-MIR171m, zma-MIR171n, zma-MIR393b, zma-MIR393c, zma-MIR395d, zma-MIR395e, zma-MIR395f, zma-MIR395g, zma-MIR395h, zma-MIR395i, zma-MIR395j, zma-MIR395k, zma-MIR395l, zma-MIR395m, zma-MIR395n, zma-MIR395o, zma-MIR395p, zma-MIR482, zma-MIR528a, zma-MIR528b, zma-MIR529, zma-MIR827, zma-MIR1432, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y, osa-MIR2275c, osa-MIR2275d, ath-MIR156i, ath-MIR156j
The seed regions of the newly identified maize miRNAs t0002967, t0511822, t0207061, t0448353 and t0053880 were identical to those of ctr-miR171 and ctr-miR166, respectively, indicating that they may share the same targets. [score:3]
Previous studies indicated that MiRNA166 targets HD-ZIP transcription factors that are involved in plant leaf morphogenesis. [score:2]
This was also the case for some other miRNA families, such as zma-miR164 (from 14 read to 25,253 reads) and zma-miR166 (from 931 reads to 300,478 reads). [score:1]
Not only the miRNA166 and miRNA156 families were abundant during this stage of seed germination, but also they had more family members than other miRNA families, suggesting the importance of these two miRNA families at this very early stage of seed germination. [score:1]
The largest miRNA family size identified was miR166 that consisted of 14 members and miR156, miR169 and miR167 possessed 12, 12 and 10 members, respectively; whereas other miRNA families such as miR162, miR529, miR827 and miR1432 had only one member detected in this period. [score:1]
For example, miR156/157, miR159/319, miR166, miR169, and miR394 have been found in 51, 45, 41, 40 and 40 plant species, respectively [36- 38]. [score:1]
In our datasets, miRNA166 showed the highest abundance followed by miRNA156 and miRNA528, respectively, during the very early stage of seed germination. [score:1]
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[+] score: 10
In this regard, the four target genes regulated by the sRNAs homologous to miR166 might have a conserved role in rice root development. [score:5]
In Arabidopsis and Medicago truncatula, miR166 -mediated regulation of Class III HD-ZIP genes is important for root development [32- 34]. [score:3]
2, osa-miR390-3p, osa-miR531b, osa-miR1430, osa-miR1847.2, osa-miR1865-5p, osa-miR1874-3p and osa-miR5082) showed high abundances in the root tips (Additional file 1), and 7,446 sRNAs including 24 miRNA sequences (osa-miR156l-5p, osa-miR164d, osa-miR164e, osa-miR166k-3p/osa-miR166l-3p, osa-miR169f. [score:1]
More interestingly, although the above nine sRNAs are not miRNAs, WR_High_sRNA6793 shares high sequence similarity with osa-miR166g-3p and osa-miR166h-3p of rice, and the other eight sRNAs share high sequence similarity with miR166 of the other plant species. [score:1]
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[+] score: 7
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR397a, osa-MIR397b, osa-MIR398a, osa-MIR398b, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR171b, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, zma-MIR156d, zma-MIR156f, zma-MIR156g, zma-MIR156b, zma-MIR156c, zma-MIR156e, zma-MIR156a, zma-MIR156h, zma-MIR156i, zma-MIR160a, zma-MIR160c, zma-MIR160d, zma-MIR160b, zma-MIR164a, zma-MIR164d, zma-MIR164b, zma-MIR164c, zma-MIR169a, zma-MIR169b, zma-MIR167a, zma-MIR167b, zma-MIR167d, zma-MIR167c, zma-MIR160e, zma-MIR166a, zma-MIR166h, zma-MIR166e, zma-MIR166i, zma-MIR166f, zma-MIR166g, zma-MIR166b, zma-MIR166c, zma-MIR166d, zma-MIR171b, zma-MIR172a, zma-MIR172d, zma-MIR172b, zma-MIR172c, osa-MIR396e, zma-MIR396b, zma-MIR396a, zma-MIR156j, zma-MIR159a, zma-MIR159b, zma-MIR159c, zma-MIR159d, zma-MIR166k, zma-MIR166j, zma-MIR167e, zma-MIR167f, zma-MIR167g, zma-MIR167h, zma-MIR167i, zma-MIR168a, zma-MIR168b, zma-MIR169c, zma-MIR169f, zma-MIR169g, zma-MIR169h, zma-MIR169i, zma-MIR169k, zma-MIR169j, zma-MIR169d, zma-MIR169e, zma-MIR172e, zma-MIR166l, zma-MIR166m, zma-MIR156k, zma-MIR160f, tae-MIR159a, tae-MIR159b, tae-MIR160, tae-MIR164, tae-MIR167a, tae-MIR1127a, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR396f, zma-MIR396c, zma-MIR396d, osa-MIR2275a, osa-MIR2275b, zma-MIR2275a, zma-MIR2275b, zma-MIR2275c, zma-MIR2275d, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, zma-MIR156l, zma-MIR159e, zma-MIR159f, zma-MIR159g, zma-MIR159h, zma-MIR159i, zma-MIR159j, zma-MIR159k, zma-MIR160g, zma-MIR164e, zma-MIR164f, zma-MIR164g, zma-MIR164h, zma-MIR166n, zma-MIR167j, zma-MIR169l, zma-MIR169m, zma-MIR169n, zma-MIR169o, zma-MIR169p, zma-MIR169q, zma-MIR169r, zma-MIR396e, zma-MIR396f, zma-MIR396g, zma-MIR396h, zma-MIR397a, zma-MIR397b, zma-MIR398a, zma-MIR398b, hvu-MIR156a, tae-MIR156, hvu-MIR159b, hvu-MIR159a, hvu-MIR166a, tae-MIR167b, hvu-MIR168, hvu-MIR169, tae-MIR169, hvu-MIR397a, tae-MIR398, tae-MIR171b, hvu-MIR166b, hvu-MIR166c, osa-MIR2275c, osa-MIR2275d, tae-MIR1122b, tae-MIR9653a, tae-MIR9654a, tae-MIR9656, tae-MIR9657a, tae-MIR9659, tae-MIR9660, tae-MIR1127b, tae-MIR9661, tae-MIR396, tae-MIR9665, tae-MIR2275, tae-MIR9667, tae-MIR167c, tae-MIR1120b, tae-MIR397, tae-MIR1130b, tae-MIR5384, tae-MIR9675, tae-MIR1120c, tae-MIR9679, tae-MIR9657b, hvu-MIR397b, hvu-MIR156b, tae-MIR9653b
Four of the 15 known miRNA families, including miR169, miR166, miR164 and miR160 were preferentially expressed in the developing seeds with the logarithm of the fold changes of 0.3 ~ 3.0. [score:3]
Of the 15 known miRNA families, 4 (miR169, miR166, miR164 and miR160) were preferentially expressed in the developing seeds (with the logarithm of the fold changes of 0.3 ~ 3.0 in the developing seeds, more than those in the flag leaves) (Figure  3a, Table  2). [score:3]
The highest read abundance (approximately 238,000 RPM) was detected in the miR168 family and was 3.8 to 78 times more abundant than the other miRNA families, including miR156, miR166, miR167 and miR172, whose abundance ranged from about 2,900 RPM to 62,000 RPM (Table  2). [score:1]
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[+] score: 7
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR162a, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR171a, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR397a, osa-MIR397b, osa-MIR399a, osa-MIR399b, osa-MIR399c, osa-MIR399d, osa-MIR399e, osa-MIR399f, osa-MIR399g, osa-MIR399h, osa-MIR399i, osa-MIR399j, osa-MIR399k, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR162b, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR171b, osa-MIR171c, osa-MIR171d, osa-MIR171e, osa-MIR171f, osa-MIR171g, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR171h, osa-MIR171i, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR1876, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y
Homologous clusters were found for miR166, miR169 and miR395 families (based on the <10-kb threshold). [score:1]
Specific miRNA clusters (such as those coding for miR395, miR169 and miR166) are highly conserved. [score:1]
Furthermore, clustering of specific miRNAs (for example, miR395, miR169, miR166) is evolutionarily conserved. [score:1]
In the mo del legume Medicago truncatula, a miR166 tandem was shown to be encoded in a single transcriptional unit [32]. [score:1]
Osa- MIR156b-c, Osa- MIR166k-h, Osa- MIR169n-o, Osa- MIR172b-806a, Osa- MIR395a-g, Osa- MIR395h-l, and Osa- MIR395m-s clusters may contain only one promoter and be transcribed as polycistronic units. [score:1]
Most of the few reported plant miRNA clusters contain several copies of the same conserved miRNA (miR156, miR166, miR169, miR395 or miR399), in contrast to animals where miRNAs with unrelated sequences are often included in the same clusters [18, 19, 25, 35]. [score:1]
Most miRNA clusters encode several copies of conserved miRNAs from the same family, that is, miR166, miR169, or miR395. [score:1]
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In maize, RLD1 encodes an HD-ZipIII protein whose adaxial expression is defined by miRNA166-directed transcript cleavage on the abaxial side, which is an important determinant of adaxial cell fate during maize leaf development (Juarez et al. 2004). [score:5]
Recently, studies have shown that HD-Zip III members are regulated by microRNAs such as miRNA165 and miRNA166 (Kim et al. 2005; Williams et al. 2005; Mallory and Vaucheret 2006). [score:2]
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[+] score: 7
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR171a, osa-MIR393a, osa-MIR394, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR397a, osa-MIR397b, osa-MIR398a, osa-MIR398b, osa-MIR399a, osa-MIR399b, osa-MIR399c, osa-MIR399d, osa-MIR399e, osa-MIR399f, osa-MIR399g, osa-MIR399h, osa-MIR399i, osa-MIR399j, osa-MIR399k, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR319a, osa-MIR319b, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR171b, osa-MIR171c, osa-MIR171d, osa-MIR171e, osa-MIR171f, osa-MIR171g, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR171h, osa-MIR393b, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR171i, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR396e, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR827, osa-MIR396f, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y
MiR397, miR169, miR165, miR166, miR393, miR396, and miR408 were shown to be up-regulated by cold stress in Arabidopsis (Sunkar and Zhu, 2004; Liu et al., 2008). [score:4]
The expression of miR156, miR159, miR160, miR166, miR168, miR169, miR393, and miR827 is increased, while miR172 is significantly repressed under heat stress in wheat (Xin et al., 2010). [score:3]
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29
[+] score: 7
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR398a, osa-MIR398b, osa-MIR399a, osa-MIR399b, osa-MIR399c, osa-MIR399d, osa-MIR399e, osa-MIR399f, osa-MIR399g, osa-MIR399h, osa-MIR399i, osa-MIR399j, osa-MIR399k, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR444a, osa-MIR528, osa-MIR530, osa-MIR531a, osa-MIR535, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, osa-MIR812a, osa-MIR812b, osa-MIR812c, osa-MIR812d, osa-MIR812e, osa-MIR1429, osa-MIR1431, osa-MIR1432, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR444b, osa-MIR444c, osa-MIR444d, osa-MIR444e, osa-MIR444f, osa-MIR531b, osa-MIR1857, osa-MIR1862a, osa-MIR1862b, osa-MIR1862c, osa-MIR812f, osa-MIR1862d, osa-MIR1862e, osa-MIR812g, osa-MIR812h, osa-MIR812i, osa-MIR812j, osa-MIR1883a, osa-MIR1883b, osa-MIR1320, osa-MIR827, osa-MIR1846e, osa-MIR2121a, osa-MIR2864, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y, osa-MIR812k, osa-MIR812l, osa-MIR812m, osa-MIR1862f, osa-MIR1862g, osa-MIR3979, osa-MIR3980a, osa-MIR3980b, osa-MIR812n, osa-MIR812o, osa-MIR5083, osa-MIR5143a, osa-MIR5156, osa-MIR5513, osa-MIR812p, osa-MIR812q, osa-MIR812r, osa-MIR812s, osa-MIR812t, osa-MIR812u, osa-MIR812v, osa-MIR6248, osa-MIR6249a, osa-MIR531c
On the other hand, miR160f-3p, miR166c-5p and miR169r-3p were down-regulated in the two rice genotypes at 48 h. Since osa-miR160, osa-miR166 and osa-miR169 were previously reported to respond to auxin [34], GA [35] and ABA [36], respectively, they probably modulate the genes involved in hormone pathways [37]. [score:4]
On the other hand, the 38 miRNAs differentially expressed only in PC represented eight families (miR166, miR395, miR812, miR827, miR1320, miR1862, miR3980 and miR6248) (Table  4). [score:3]
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[+] score: 7
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR171a, osa-MIR393a, osa-MIR394, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR397a, osa-MIR397b, osa-MIR398b, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR319a, osa-MIR319b, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR171b, osa-MIR171c, osa-MIR171d, osa-MIR171e, osa-MIR171f, osa-MIR171g, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR171h, osa-MIR393b, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR171i, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, osa-MIR390, osa-MIR396e, osa-MIR444a, osa-MIR528, osa-MIR529a, osa-MIR810a, osa-MIR812a, osa-MIR812b, osa-MIR812c, osa-MIR812d, osa-MIR812e, osa-MIR818a, osa-MIR818b, osa-MIR818c, osa-MIR818d, osa-MIR818e, osa-MIR820a, osa-MIR820b, osa-MIR820c, osa-MIR529b, osa-MIR1425, osa-MIR1430, osa-MIR1432, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR444b, osa-MIR444c, osa-MIR444d, osa-MIR444e, osa-MIR444f, osa-MIR810b, osa-MIR1440a, osa-MIR531b, osa-MIR1847, osa-MIR1848, osa-MIR1861a, osa-MIR1861b, osa-MIR1861c, osa-MIR1861d, osa-MIR1861e, osa-MIR1861f, osa-MIR1861g, osa-MIR1861h, osa-MIR1861i, osa-MIR1861j, osa-MIR1861k, osa-MIR1861l, osa-MIR1861m, osa-MIR1861n, osa-MIR1865, osa-MIR812f, osa-MIR1874, osa-MIR812g, osa-MIR812h, osa-MIR812i, osa-MIR812j, osa-MIR1320, osa-MIR827, osa-MIR2090, osa-MIR396f, osa-MIR2118c, osa-MIR2863a, osa-MIR2863b, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, osa-MIR812k, osa-MIR812l, osa-MIR812m, osa-MIR3979, osa-MIR3980a, osa-MIR3980b, osa-MIR812n, osa-MIR812o, osa-MIR3981, osa-MIR5082, osa-MIR2863c, osa-MIR5337a, osa-MIR812p, osa-MIR812q, osa-MIR812r, osa-MIR812s, osa-MIR812t, osa-MIR812u, osa-MIR812v, osa-MIR1440b, osa-MIR818f, osa-MIR1861o
Moreover, the expression patterns of miR319, miR166, miR810, and miR1861 were in agreement with our study [21]. [score:3]
Nine miRNAs, including miR408, miR810, miR319, miR2863, miR444, miR166, miR167, miR818, and miR1861 were also detected in our study. [score:1]
2, miR390-3p, miR531b, miR1430, miR1847.2, miR1865-5p, miR1874-3p, and miR5082, whereas 24 miRNAs were identified that were significantly accumulated in the whole roots, including miR156, miR164, miR166, osa-miR169, miR171, miR393, miR408, miR528, miR529, osa-miR812, miR1320, osa-miR1432, miR1861, miR3979, etc. [score:1]
In combination with prior reports, we identified 13 miRNAs, including miR156, miR164, miR166, miR167, miR169, miR171, miR444, miR397, miR528, miR1425, miR827, miR319a. [score:1]
The miR156, miR164, miR166, miR167, miR169, miR171, and miR444 responded to Cd treatment in 7-day-old rice seedlings [17]. [score:1]
[1 to 20 of 5 sentences]
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[+] score: 6
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR162a, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR171a, osa-MIR393a, osa-MIR394, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR397a, osa-MIR397b, osa-MIR399a, osa-MIR399b, osa-MIR399c, osa-MIR399d, osa-MIR399e, osa-MIR399f, osa-MIR399g, osa-MIR399h, osa-MIR399i, osa-MIR399j, osa-MIR399k, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR319a, osa-MIR319b, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR162b, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR171b, osa-MIR171c, osa-MIR171d, osa-MIR171e, osa-MIR171f, osa-MIR171g, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR171h, osa-MIR393b, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR171i, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, osa-MIR390, osa-MIR396e, osa-MIR528, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR827, osa-MIR396f, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, osa-MIR5083, ppe-MIR171f, ppe-MIR394a, ppe-MIR828, ppe-MIR171h, ppe-MIR171a, ppe-MIR171e, ppe-MIR169e, ppe-MIR319a, ppe-MIR319b, ppe-MIR171g, ppe-MIR171b, ppe-MIR171c, ppe-MIR156a, ppe-MIR156b, ppe-MIR156c, ppe-MIR156d, ppe-MIR156e, ppe-MIR156f, ppe-MIR156g, ppe-MIR156h, ppe-MIR156i, ppe-MIR159, ppe-MIR160a, ppe-MIR160b, ppe-MIR162, ppe-MIR164a, ppe-MIR164b, ppe-MIR164c, ppe-MIR164d, ppe-MIR166a, ppe-MIR166b, ppe-MIR166c, ppe-MIR166d, ppe-MIR166e, ppe-MIR167a, ppe-MIR167b, ppe-MIR167c, ppe-MIR167d, ppe-MIR168, ppe-MIR169a, ppe-MIR169b, ppe-MIR169c, ppe-MIR169d, ppe-MIR169f, ppe-MIR169g, ppe-MIR169h, ppe-MIR169i, ppe-MIR169j, ppe-MIR169k, ppe-MIR169l, ppe-MIR171d, ppe-MIR172a, ppe-MIR172b, ppe-MIR172c, ppe-MIR172d, ppe-MIR390, ppe-MIR393a, ppe-MIR393b, ppe-MIR394b, ppe-MIR396a, ppe-MIR396b, ppe-MIR397, ppe-MIR399a, ppe-MIR399b, ppe-MIR399c, ppe-MIR399d, ppe-MIR399e, ppe-MIR399f, ppe-MIR399g, ppe-MIR399h, ppe-MIR399i, ppe-MIR399j, ppe-MIR399k, ppe-MIR399l, ppe-MIR399m, ppe-MIR399n, ppe-MIR403, ppe-MIR827, ppe-MIR858
The expression of 8 conserved (miR166, miR168, miR319, miR394, miR399, miR827, miR894 and miR5139) and six novel miRNAs (miRC1, miRC14, miRC16, miRC112, miRC179 and miRC181) showed no significant change in different tissues (Figs. 5A and 5B). [score:3]
The miR166, miR156 and miR157 families were the largest, with 15, 11 and 10 members, respectively, whereas 14 miRNA families had only a single member (Fig. 2A). [score:1]
Among the miRNA families in peach, miR156, miR159, miR160, miR166, miR171, miR319, miR390 and miR396 showed a high conservation in plants, indicating that these 12 peach miRNA families are ancient. [score:1]
The abundance of miRNA families also varied drastically: miR157, miR166 and miR156 were most frequently represented in the library, with 154,908, 79,863 and 73,043 reads, whereas miR172, miR167, miR168 and miR396 were moderately abundant in the library with 6,411, 5,280, 4,373 and 2,500 copies. [score:1]
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[+] score: 6
A total of 223 miRNAs were co-expressed in diploid and autotetraploid rice, some of them, such as miR159, miR166, miR396, miR2118 and miR2275 were highly expressed in both types of rice, indicating their conserved and essential roles in pollen development. [score:6]
[1 to 20 of 1 sentences]
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[+] score: 6
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, osa-MIR396e, osa-MIR444a, osa-MIR531a, osa-MIR810a, osa-MIR812a, osa-MIR812b, osa-MIR812c, osa-MIR812d, osa-MIR812e, osa-MIR820a, osa-MIR820b, osa-MIR820c, osa-MIR444b, osa-MIR444c, osa-MIR444d, osa-MIR444e, osa-MIR444f, osa-MIR810b, osa-MIR531b, osa-MIR1846d, osa-MIR1846a, osa-MIR1846b, osa-MIR1861a, osa-MIR1861b, osa-MIR1861c, osa-MIR1861d, osa-MIR1861e, osa-MIR1861f, osa-MIR1861g, osa-MIR1861h, osa-MIR1861i, osa-MIR1861j, osa-MIR1861k, osa-MIR1861l, osa-MIR1861m, osa-MIR1861n, osa-MIR1862a, osa-MIR1862b, osa-MIR1862c, osa-MIR812f, osa-MIR1874, osa-MIR1862d, osa-MIR1862e, osa-MIR812g, osa-MIR812h, osa-MIR812i, osa-MIR812j, osa-MIR1846c, osa-MIR1846e, osa-MIR396f, osa-MIR2103, osa-MIR2105, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, osa-MIR812k, osa-MIR812l, osa-MIR812m, osa-MIR1862f, osa-MIR1862g, osa-MIR812n, osa-MIR812o, osa-MIR812p, osa-MIR812q, osa-MIR812r, osa-MIR812s, osa-MIR812t, osa-MIR812u, osa-MIR812v, osa-MIR1861o, osa-MIR531c
osa-miR166 and osa-miR167 also showed high expression in the four libraries, suggesting that they are not only conserved among species but also among rice grain developmental stages. [score:4]
START domain-containing protein genes regulated by osa-miR166 have been predicted to mediate the transport and signaling of lipids/sterols in plant [49]. [score:2]
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[+] score: 5
Other miRNAs from this paper: ath-MIR156a, ath-MIR156b, ath-MIR156c, ath-MIR156d, ath-MIR156e, ath-MIR156f, ath-MIR157a, ath-MIR157b, ath-MIR157c, ath-MIR157d, ath-MIR159a, ath-MIR160a, ath-MIR160b, ath-MIR160c, ath-MIR165a, ath-MIR165b, ath-MIR166a, ath-MIR166b, ath-MIR166c, ath-MIR166d, ath-MIR166e, ath-MIR166f, ath-MIR166g, ath-MIR167a, ath-MIR167b, ath-MIR169a, ath-MIR172a, ath-MIR172b, ath-MIR159b, ath-MIR319a, ath-MIR319b, osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, ath-MIR167d, ath-MIR169b, ath-MIR169c, ath-MIR169d, ath-MIR169e, ath-MIR169f, ath-MIR169g, ath-MIR169h, ath-MIR169i, ath-MIR169j, ath-MIR169k, ath-MIR169l, ath-MIR169m, ath-MIR169n, ath-MIR172c, ath-MIR172d, ath-MIR394a, ath-MIR394b, ath-MIR396a, ath-MIR396b, osa-MIR394, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, ath-MIR403, ath-MIR408, ath-MIR156g, ath-MIR156h, ath-MIR159c, ath-MIR319c, ath-MIR167c, ath-MIR172e, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR319a, osa-MIR319b, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, ath-MIR414, osa-MIR414, osa-MIR396e, ath-MIR856, ath-MIR858a, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR396f, ath-MIR2111a, ath-MIR2111b, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, ath-MIR858b, ath-MIR156i, ath-MIR156j
Further targets were predicted for certain more conserved miRNAs including miR166, miR167, miR319, miR 396 and miR408, miR856 and miR1310 (Additional file 2 Table S1). [score:3]
In addition, miR167 and miR394 were found to have some thousands to tens of thousands of redundancies while miR319, miR166 and miR156 had more than one hundred redundancies. [score:1]
Further, the largest miRNAs family size identified was miR166 that consisted of 17 members. [score:1]
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35
[+] score: 5
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR162a, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR171a, osa-MIR393a, osa-MIR394, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR397a, osa-MIR397b, osa-MIR398a, osa-MIR398b, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR319a, osa-MIR319b, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR162b, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR171b, osa-MIR171c, osa-MIR171d, osa-MIR171e, osa-MIR171f, osa-MIR171g, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR171h, osa-MIR393b, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR171i, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, osa-MIR390, osa-MIR396e, osa-MIR528, osa-MIR529a, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, osa-MIR529b, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR827, osa-MIR396f, bdi-MIR171a, bdi-MIR167a, bdi-MIR397a, bdi-MIR156a, bdi-MIR172d, bdi-MIR166a, bdi-MIR171c, bdi-MIR169b, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y, bdi-MIR169d, bdi-MIR169i, bdi-MIR395a, bdi-MIR169j, bdi-MIR166f, bdi-MIR171b, bdi-MIR390a, bdi-MIR160a, bdi-MIR528, bdi-MIR395b, bdi-MIR166d, bdi-MIR171d, bdi-MIR167b, bdi-MIR166b, bdi-MIR160b, bdi-MIR164b, bdi-MIR167c, bdi-MIR396d, bdi-MIR169k, bdi-MIR168, bdi-MIR160c, bdi-MIR396c, bdi-MIR167d, bdi-MIR156b, bdi-MIR169g, bdi-MIR160d, bdi-MIR160e, bdi-MIR396e, bdi-MIR156c, bdi-MIR172a, bdi-MIR396a, bdi-MIR166e, bdi-MIR166c, bdi-MIR169e, bdi-MIR394, bdi-MIR398a, bdi-MIR164a, bdi-MIR393a, bdi-MIR169a, bdi-MIR172b, bdi-MIR156d, bdi-MIR393b, bdi-MIR169h, bdi-MIR396b, bdi-MIR169c, bdi-MIR395c, bdi-MIR827, bdi-MIR166g, bdi-MIR319a, bdi-MIR395d, bdi-MIR398b, bdi-MIR164c, bdi-MIR169f, bdi-MIR162, bdi-MIR164e, bdi-MIR164f, bdi-MIR395m, bdi-MIR395e, bdi-MIR395f, bdi-MIR395g, bdi-MIR395h, bdi-MIR395j, bdi-MIR395k, bdi-MIR395l, bdi-MIR395n, bdi-MIR529, bdi-MIR319b, bdi-MIR397b, bdi-MIR156e, bdi-MIR156f, bdi-MIR156g, bdi-MIR156h, bdi-MIR156i, bdi-MIR166h, bdi-MIR166i, bdi-MIR167e, bdi-MIR395o, bdi-MIR395p, bdi-MIR156j, bdi-MIR160f, bdi-MIR166j, bdi-MIR167f, bdi-MIR167g, bdi-MIR169l, bdi-MIR169m, bdi-MIR169n, bdi-MIR171e, bdi-MIR171f, bdi-MIR395q
Some of these miRNAs including miR156, miR160, miR166 and mi171 are deeply conserved, even in lower plants such as Physcomitrella patens [45]. [score:1]
For example, seven families (miR156, miR160, miR164, miR166, miR167, miR171 and miR396) had similar number of members in Brachypodium and Arabidopsis, but their sizes were much larger in rice and Populus (Table 4). [score:1]
Some miRNAs, including miR166, miR319, miR393, and miR396, respond to cold stress in Arabidopsis [16, 17], but in our experiment no obvious change was found for these miRNAs after the cold treatment. [score:1]
For example, the number of family members for miR156, miR160, miR164, miR166, miR167, miR171 and miR396 in Brachypodium was similar to that in Arabidopsis, but much higher in rice and Populus (Table 4). [score:1]
MiR164, miR166 and miR172 were represented by two variants and miR169 was represented by four variants in the library (Table 2). [score:1]
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[+] score: 5
Experiments have shown that miR166 targets the expression of HD-ZIP family genes in plants (Zhou et al. 2015). [score:5]
[1 to 20 of 1 sentences]
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[+] score: 5
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR171a, osa-MIR393a, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR397a, osa-MIR397b, osa-MIR398a, osa-MIR398b, osa-MIR399a, osa-MIR399b, osa-MIR399c, osa-MIR399d, osa-MIR399e, osa-MIR399f, osa-MIR399g, osa-MIR399h, osa-MIR399i, osa-MIR399j, osa-MIR399k, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR171b, osa-MIR171c, osa-MIR171d, osa-MIR171e, osa-MIR171f, osa-MIR171g, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR171h, osa-MIR393b, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR171i, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR396e, mtr-MIR166a, mtr-MIR169a, mtr-MIR399b, mtr-MIR399d, mtr-MIR393a, mtr-MIR399c, mtr-MIR399a, mtr-MIR399e, mtr-MIR156a, mtr-MIR171a, mtr-MIR156b, mtr-MIR167a, mtr-MIR166b, mtr-MIR169c, mtr-MIR169d, mtr-MIR169e, mtr-MIR171b, mtr-MIR166c, mtr-MIR166d, mtr-MIR169f, mtr-MIR156c, mtr-MIR156d, mtr-MIR399f, mtr-MIR399g, mtr-MIR399h, mtr-MIR399i, mtr-MIR399j, mtr-MIR399k, mtr-MIR166e, mtr-MIR156e, mtr-MIR171c, mtr-MIR398a, mtr-MIR172a, mtr-MIR393b, mtr-MIR398b, mtr-MIR168a, mtr-MIR169g, mtr-MIR156f, mtr-MIR399l, mtr-MIR156g, mtr-MIR399m, mtr-MIR399n, mtr-MIR399o, mtr-MIR398c, mtr-MIR156h, mtr-MIR166f, mtr-MIR166g, mtr-MIR171d, mtr-MIR171e, mtr-MIR396a, mtr-MIR396b, mtr-MIR169h, mtr-MIR169b, mtr-MIR156i, mtr-MIR171f, mtr-MIR399p, osa-MIR169r, sly-MIR166a, sly-MIR166b, sly-MIR167a, sly-MIR169a, sly-MIR169b, sly-MIR169c, sly-MIR169d, sly-MIR171a, sly-MIR171b, sly-MIR171c, sly-MIR171d, sly-MIR397, sly-MIR156a, sly-MIR156b, sly-MIR156c, sly-MIR172a, sly-MIR172b, sly-MIR399, osa-MIR827, osa-MIR396f, mtr-MIR2118, osa-MIR2118a, osa-MIR2118b, osa-MIR2118c, osa-MIR2118d, osa-MIR2118e, osa-MIR2118f, osa-MIR2118g, osa-MIR2118h, osa-MIR2118i, osa-MIR2118j, osa-MIR2118k, osa-MIR2118l, osa-MIR2118m, osa-MIR2118n, osa-MIR2118o, osa-MIR2118p, osa-MIR2118q, osa-MIR2118r, mtr-MIR169k, mtr-MIR169j, mtr-MIR399q, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, osa-MIR5072, mtr-MIR4414a, mtr-MIR4414b, mtr-MIR482, mtr-MIR172b, mtr-MIR172c, mtr-MIR171h, mtr-MIR168b, mtr-MIR399r, mtr-MIR156j, sly-MIR482e, sly-MIR482a, mtr-MIR167b, mtr-MIR168c, mtr-MIR408, mtr-MIR396c, mtr-MIR171g, stu-MIR6024, sly-MIR6024, stu-MIR482c, stu-MIR482b, stu-MIR482a, stu-MIR482d, stu-MIR482e, sly-MIR482b, sly-MIR482c, stu-MIR6025, stu-MIR6026, sly-MIR6026, sly-MIR168a, sly-MIR168b, mtr-MIR169i, mtr-MIR172d, mtr-MIR397, mtr-MIR169l, mtr-MIR399s, mtr-MIR399t, stu-MIR7980a, stu-MIR7983, stu-MIR8007a, stu-MIR8007b, stu-MIR7980b, stu-MIR399a, stu-MIR399b, stu-MIR399c, stu-MIR399d, stu-MIR399e, stu-MIR399f, stu-MIR399g, stu-MIR399h, stu-MIR3627, stu-MIR171b, stu-MIR166a, stu-MIR166b, stu-MIR166c, stu-MIR166d, stu-MIR171a, stu-MIR171c, stu-MIR399i, stu-MIR827, stu-MIR172b, stu-MIR172c, stu-MIR172a, stu-MIR172d, stu-MIR172e, stu-MIR156a, stu-MIR156b, stu-MIR156c, stu-MIR156d, stu-MIR171d, stu-MIR167c, stu-MIR167b, stu-MIR167a, stu-MIR167d, stu-MIR399j, stu-MIR399k, stu-MIR399l, stu-MIR399m, stu-MIR399n, stu-MIR399o, stu-MIR393, stu-MIR398a, stu-MIR398b, stu-MIR396, stu-MIR408a, stu-MIR408b, stu-MIR397, stu-MIR171e, stu-MIR156e, stu-MIR156f, stu-MIR156g, stu-MIR156h, stu-MIR156i, stu-MIR156j, stu-MIR156k, stu-MIR169a, stu-MIR169b, stu-MIR169c, stu-MIR169d, stu-MIR169e, stu-MIR169f, stu-MIR169g, stu-MIR169h, sly-MIR403, sly-MIR166c, sly-MIR156d, sly-MIR156e, sly-MIR396a, sly-MIR167b, sly-MIR482d, sly-MIR169e, sly-MIR396b, sly-MIR171e, sly-MIR172c, sly-MIR408, sly-MIR172d, sly-MIR827, sly-MIR393, sly-MIR398a, sly-MIR399b, sly-MIR6025, sly-MIR169f, sly-MIR171f
For example, miR166 and miR169 regulate nodule organogenesis in Medicago trunctula (Combier et al., 2006; Boualem et al., 2008). [score:2]
Five miRNA families (miR399, miR156, miR166, miR171, and miR172) had more than 10 members, and miR156 family, the largest family, had 23 members. [score:1]
The reads number for these known miRNAs also varied to a large extent ranging from 1 to 363294, with miR166, miR156, and miR168 families having the most abundant reads in the two libraries. [score:1]
MicroRNA166 controls root and nodule development in Medicago truncatula. [score:1]
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[+] score: 5
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR393a, osa-MIR394, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR397b, osa-MIR398a, osa-MIR398b, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR319a, osa-MIR319b, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR393b, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR440, osa-MIR396e, osa-MIR528, osa-MIR529a, osa-MIR530, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, osa-MIR529b, osa-MIR1428a, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR1428b, osa-MIR1428c, osa-MIR1428d, osa-MIR1428e, osa-MIR1862a, osa-MIR1862b, osa-MIR1862c, osa-MIR1866, osa-MIR1862d, osa-MIR1862e, osa-MIR1877, osa-MIR1428f, osa-MIR1428g, osa-MIR396f, osa-MIR2275a, osa-MIR2275b, osa-MIR2871a, osa-MIR2871b, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y, osa-MIR1862f, osa-MIR1862g, osa-MIR2863c, osa-MIR5159, osa-MIR5337a, osa-MIR5485, osa-MIR2275c, osa-MIR2275d, osa-MIR5337b
Other TE/repeat derived miRNAs appear to target genes that encode transcriptional activators (osa-cand064, osa-cand076, osa-cand079, and miR809), proteins involved in signaling cascades (osa-cand071 and osa-cand077), and proteins that may be involved in regulation of transposon and retrotransposon activity (miR166, osa-cand063, and osa-cand084). [score:4]
This list contains some known miRNAs in the miRBase, including 7 miR166 family miRNAs derived from a LINE element, two miR169 family miRNAs derived from En/Spm transposons, and 19 miR809 family miRNAs derived from MITEs (Additional file 9). [score:1]
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[+] score: 5
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR393a, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR393b, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, zma-MIR156d, zma-MIR156f, zma-MIR156g, zma-MIR156b, zma-MIR156c, zma-MIR156e, zma-MIR156a, zma-MIR156h, zma-MIR156i, zma-MIR164a, zma-MIR164d, zma-MIR164b, zma-MIR164c, zma-MIR169a, zma-MIR169b, zma-MIR166a, zma-MIR166h, zma-MIR166e, zma-MIR166i, zma-MIR166f, zma-MIR166g, zma-MIR166b, zma-MIR166c, zma-MIR166d, osa-MIR444a, zma-MIR395b, zma-MIR395c, zma-MIR395a, zma-MIR156j, zma-MIR159a, zma-MIR159b, zma-MIR159c, zma-MIR159d, zma-MIR166k, zma-MIR166j, zma-MIR168a, zma-MIR168b, zma-MIR169c, zma-MIR169f, zma-MIR169g, zma-MIR169h, zma-MIR169i, zma-MIR169k, zma-MIR169j, zma-MIR169d, zma-MIR169e, zma-MIR166l, zma-MIR166m, zma-MIR393a, zma-MIR156k, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, osa-MIR820a, osa-MIR820b, osa-MIR820c, osa-MIR1425, osa-MIR1428a, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR444b, osa-MIR444c, osa-MIR444d, osa-MIR444e, osa-MIR444f, osa-MIR1428b, osa-MIR1428c, osa-MIR1428d, osa-MIR1428e, osa-MIR1874, osa-MIR2055, osa-MIR827, osa-MIR1428f, osa-MIR1428g, zma-MIR396d, osa-MIR396d, zma-MIR156l, zma-MIR159e, zma-MIR159f, zma-MIR159g, zma-MIR159h, zma-MIR159i, zma-MIR159j, zma-MIR159k, zma-MIR164e, zma-MIR164f, zma-MIR164g, zma-MIR164h, zma-MIR166n, zma-MIR169l, zma-MIR169m, zma-MIR169n, zma-MIR169o, zma-MIR169p, zma-MIR169q, zma-MIR169r, zma-MIR393b, zma-MIR393c, zma-MIR395d, zma-MIR395e, zma-MIR395f, zma-MIR395g, zma-MIR395h, zma-MIR395i, zma-MIR395j, zma-MIR395k, zma-MIR395l, zma-MIR395m, zma-MIR395n, zma-MIR395o, zma-MIR395p, zma-MIR827, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y, zma-MIR444a, zma-MIR444b
The functional significance for expressing tandem array of similar miRNAs is not clear, but it has been shown for the rice/maize miR156 and the Medicago miR166. [score:3]
In the case of the tandem miR166 gene in Medicago truncatula it was shown that it is important for the control of root architecture [40]. [score:1]
These correspond to miR156 and miR395 in rice and maize [37- 39] and miR166 in Medicago truncatula [40]. [score:1]
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[+] score: 5
Another family of miRNAs, miR166, was found to be up-regulated in TF roots and is known to play a role in zinc homeostasis in Sorghum bicolor (Li et al., 2013). [score:4]
1 osa_miR160a miR160 ConservedP, N, and S (Paul et al., 2015) osa_miR160b osa_miR160c osa_miR160d osa_miR160e osa_miR162b miR162 ConservedCadmium tolerance (Mendoza-soto et al., 2012) osa_miR164e miR164 ConservedP, N, S, Mn, and Fe (Paul et al., 2015) osa_miR166c miR166 ConservedP, N, and Zn (Paul et al., 2015) osa_miR166d. [score:1]
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41
[+] score: 5
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR171a, osa-MIR393a, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR393b, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, zma-MIR156d, zma-MIR156f, zma-MIR156g, zma-MIR156b, zma-MIR156c, zma-MIR156e, zma-MIR156a, zma-MIR156h, zma-MIR156i, zma-MIR166a, zma-MIR166h, zma-MIR166e, zma-MIR166i, zma-MIR166f, zma-MIR166g, zma-MIR166b, zma-MIR166c, zma-MIR166d, zma-MIR171a, zma-MIR172a, zma-MIR172d, zma-MIR172b, zma-MIR172c, zma-MIR395b, zma-MIR395c, zma-MIR395a, zma-MIR396b, zma-MIR396a, zma-MIR156j, zma-MIR166k, zma-MIR166j, zma-MIR168a, zma-MIR172e, zma-MIR166l, zma-MIR166m, zma-MIR393a, zma-MIR408a, zma-MIR156k, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, osa-MIR1432, zma-MIR156l, zma-MIR166n, zma-MIR393b, zma-MIR393c, zma-MIR395d, zma-MIR395e, zma-MIR395f, zma-MIR395g, zma-MIR395h, zma-MIR395i, zma-MIR395j, zma-MIR395k, zma-MIR395l, zma-MIR395m, zma-MIR395n, zma-MIR395o, zma-MIR395p, zma-MIR408b, zma-MIR482, zma-MIR1432, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y
The miR166 has been found to target a class III homeodomain leucine zipper (HD-ZIPIII) protein that acts on the asymmetry development of leaves in maize [30]. [score:4]
For example, there are two variants for miR166 in the current miRBase. [score:1]
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Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR397a, osa-MIR397b, osa-MIR398a, osa-MIR398b, osa-MIR399a, osa-MIR399b, osa-MIR399c, osa-MIR399d, osa-MIR399e, osa-MIR399f, osa-MIR399g, osa-MIR399h, osa-MIR399i, osa-MIR399j, osa-MIR399k, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, osa-MIR396e, osa-MIR528, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, osa-MIR1427, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR827, osa-MIR396f, osa-MIR2118a, osa-MIR2118b, osa-MIR2118c, osa-MIR2118d, osa-MIR2118e, osa-MIR2118f, osa-MIR2118g, osa-MIR2118h, osa-MIR2118i, osa-MIR2118j, osa-MIR2118k, osa-MIR2118l, osa-MIR2118m, osa-MIR2118n, osa-MIR2118o, osa-MIR2118p, osa-MIR2118q, osa-MIR2118r, osa-MIR2275a, osa-MIR2275b, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y, osa-MIR5485, osa-MIR5486, osa-MIR5487, osa-MIR5488, osa-MIR5492, osa-MIR5497, osa-MIR5509, osa-MIR2275c, osa-MIR5517, osa-MIR2275d, osa-MIR5528, osa-MIR5791, osa-MIR5792, osa-MIR5793, osa-MIR5796, osa-MIR5797, osa-MIR5800, osa-MIR5806, osa-MIR5818, osa-MIR5179
It is noteworthy that mature miRNAs from osa-MIR160 were induced in the IR87705-7-15-B while repressed in IR64; and mature miRNAs of osa-MIR166 show down-regulation both in the IR77298-14-1-2-10 and the IR87705-7-15-B. The remaining 5 conserved miRNA families were either specifically repressed (osa-MIR164) or induced (osa-MIR169, osa-MIR396, osa-MIR398 and osa-MIR408) in the IR87705-7-15-B (S2 Table). [score:4]
Barrera-Figueroa’s group also reported that mature miRNAs from osa-MIR160 and osa-MIR396 are drought induced while osa-MIR166 is drought repressed in rice inflorescence [40]. [score:1]
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Using GRN-DET, we identified some miRNAs which are no differential expressions but have differential regulations (networks) between superior spikelets and inferior spikelets, including osa-miR395n, osa-miR164 a/b/f, osa-miR2102-5p, osa-miR1432 and osa-miR166k/l (Table  S1 and Fig.   S1). [score:4]
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[+] score: 4
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR162a, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR171a, osa-MIR393a, osa-MIR394, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR397a, osa-MIR397b, osa-MIR398a, osa-MIR398b, osa-MIR399a, osa-MIR399b, osa-MIR399c, osa-MIR399d, osa-MIR399e, osa-MIR399f, osa-MIR399g, osa-MIR399h, osa-MIR399i, osa-MIR399j, osa-MIR399k, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR319a, osa-MIR319b, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR162b, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR171b, osa-MIR171c, osa-MIR171d, osa-MIR171e, osa-MIR171f, osa-MIR171g, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR171h, osa-MIR393b, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR171i, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, osa-MIR414, osa-MIR419, osa-MIR435, osa-MIR390, osa-MIR396e, osa-MIR530, osa-MIR535, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, osa-MIR1426, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR1436, osa-MIR1440a, osa-MIR827, osa-MIR396f, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, ctr-MIR156, ctr-MIR166, ctr-MIR319, ctr-MIR164, ctr-MIR167, ctr-MIR171, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y, osa-MIR1440b
We also found homologs of known miRNA target genes for several conserved C. trifoliata miRNAs, such as SBP for miR156, ATP synthase for miR159, ARF for miR160, NAC for miR164, HD-Zip for miR165 and miR166, Anthocyanidin synthase for miR169, GRAS for miR171, AP2 for miR172, TCP for miR319, TIR for miR393, F-box for miR394, Sulfate transporter 2.1 for miR395, IRX12 copper ion binding/oxidoreductase for miR397, ARGONAUTE 2 for miR403, Basic blue copper protein for miR408 and Zinc finger protein-related for miR414. [score:3]
Additionally, fifteen miRNA families namely miR156, miR159, miR160, miR162, miR164, miR166, miR167, miR168, miR169, miR171, miR172, miR390, miR394, miR403, and miR1446, were found to have some thousands to tens of thousands of redundancies while four families (miR395, miR396, miR397, miR414, and miR827), had more than one hundred redundancies. [score:1]
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[+] score: 4
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR162a, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR171a, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR397a, osa-MIR397b, osa-MIR399a, osa-MIR399b, osa-MIR399c, osa-MIR399d, osa-MIR399e, osa-MIR399f, osa-MIR399g, osa-MIR399h, osa-MIR399i, osa-MIR399j, osa-MIR399k, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR319a, osa-MIR319b, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR162b, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR171b, osa-MIR171c, osa-MIR171d, osa-MIR171e, osa-MIR171f, osa-MIR171g, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR171h, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR171i, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, osa-MIR418, osa-MIR396e, osa-MIR531a, osa-MIR535, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR531b, osa-MIR396f, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y, osa-MIR531c
The miRNA families of miR166 and miR171, known to play a key role in apical meristem development, were detected in all four species; the highest number of copies of each was 9 and 7, respectively. [score:2]
of loci miR156 ND d 1 miR159 MYB and TCP TFs e b 2 miR160 ND d 1 miR162 DICER-LIKE 1 b 1 miR164 ND a 1 miR166 HD-Zip TFs f, h, k h, k, n h, n c 9 miR167 Auxin response factors TFs a, d, f j d a 6 miR168 ARGONAUTE b 1 miR169 CCAAT binding factor and HAP2-like TFs n, p c 3 miR171 SCARECROW-like TFs c, e, f c c, d a 7 miR319 ND a 1 miR395 ATP sulphurylases i, j, k 3 miR396 GRF TFs, rhodenase-like, and kinesin-like protein B b 1 miR397 Laccases and beta-6 tubulin a a 2 miR399 Phosphatase TFs e b, e 3 miR418 ND x x 2 miR420 ND x x x 3 miR441 ND b a, b, c c 5 miR442 ND x x x 3 miR446 ND x x x 3 miR531 ND x x 2 miR535 ND x x x x 4 Total no. [score:1]
In addition, we observed species-wide miRNA families (miR166 and miR171) and AA genome specific miRNAs (miR420, miRNA441, miR442, and miR446). [score:1]
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Expression of two Class III homeodomain leucine zipper (HD-ZIPIII) genes, OSHB1 and OSHB2, is decreased in shl2, shl4/s ho2, and sho1 mutants, whereas transcript levels of miRNA166 are increased in those mutants. [score:3]
Both OSHB1 and OSHB2 have a miR166 recognition sequence (Nagasaki et al., 2007), indicating that small RNA acts as a signalling molecule to induce SAM initiation. [score:1]
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Down-regulation of the MIR166 family in response to drought in rice was reported in previous studies (Zhou et al., 2010; Barrera-Figueroa et al., 2012; Cheah et al., 2015). [score:4]
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For example, the target transcript of miR166 was ABA-insensitive gene (ABI5), which functions in plant development [86] and in response to stress stimulus, such as NaCl, drought, ABA and cold stress in Arabidopsis [87]. [score:4]
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Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR162a, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR393a, osa-MIR394, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR162b, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR393b, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, osa-MIR396e, gma-MIR156d, gma-MIR156e, gma-MIR156c, gma-MIR159a, gma-MIR166a, gma-MIR166b, gma-MIR167a, gma-MIR167b, gma-MIR168a, gma-MIR172a, gma-MIR172b, gma-MIR156a, gma-MIR396a, gma-MIR396b, gma-MIR156b, gma-MIR169a, osa-MIR169r, gma-MIR159b, gma-MIR159c, gma-MIR162a, gma-MIR164a, gma-MIR167c, gma-MIR169b, gma-MIR169c, gma-MIR393a, gma-MIR482a, osa-MIR396f, gma-MIR167d, gma-MIR396c, gma-MIR167e, gma-MIR167f, gma-MIR172c, gma-MIR172d, gma-MIR172e, osa-MIR2118a, osa-MIR2118b, osa-MIR2118c, osa-MIR2118d, osa-MIR2118e, osa-MIR2118f, osa-MIR2118g, osa-MIR2118h, osa-MIR2118i, osa-MIR2118j, osa-MIR2118k, osa-MIR2118l, osa-MIR2118m, osa-MIR2118n, osa-MIR2118o, osa-MIR2118p, osa-MIR2118q, osa-MIR2118r, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, ahy-MIR156a, ahy-MIR156b, ahy-MIR156c, ahy-MIR159, ahy-MIR167, ahy-MIR394, gma-MIR396d, gma-MIR482b, gma-MIR167g, gma-MIR156f, gma-MIR169d, gma-MIR172f, gma-MIR169e, gma-MIR394b, gma-MIR156g, gma-MIR159d, gma-MIR394a, gma-MIR396e, gma-MIR156h, gma-MIR156i, gma-MIR162b, gma-MIR164b, gma-MIR164c, gma-MIR164d, gma-MIR166c, gma-MIR166d, gma-MIR166e, gma-MIR166f, gma-MIR166g, gma-MIR166h, gma-MIR169f, gma-MIR169g, gma-MIR394c, gma-MIR2118a, gma-MIR2118b, gma-MIR482c, gma-MIR169h, gma-MIR167h, gma-MIR169i, gma-MIR396f, gma-MIR396g, gma-MIR167i, gma-MIR156j, gma-MIR156k, gma-MIR156l, gma-MIR156m, gma-MIR156n, gma-MIR156o, gma-MIR159e, gma-MIR159f, gma-MIR162c, gma-MIR166i, gma-MIR166j, gma-MIR169j, gma-MIR169k, gma-MIR169l, gma-MIR169m, gma-MIR169n, gma-MIR172g, gma-MIR172h, gma-MIR172i, gma-MIR172j, gma-MIR396h, gma-MIR396i, gma-MIR482d, gma-MIR167j, gma-MIR393b, gma-MIR156p, gma-MIR172k, gma-MIR156q, gma-MIR172l, gma-MIR169o, gma-MIR394d, gma-MIR169p, gma-MIR156r, gma-MIR396j, gma-MIR156s, gma-MIR169r, gma-MIR169s, gma-MIR396k, gma-MIR166k, gma-MIR156t, gma-MIR482e, gma-MIR394e, gma-MIR169t, gma-MIR166l, gma-MIR394f, gma-MIR166m, gma-MIR169u, gma-MIR156u, gma-MIR156v, gma-MIR156w, gma-MIR156x, gma-MIR156y, gma-MIR156z, gma-MIR156aa, gma-MIR156ab, gma-MIR164e, gma-MIR164f, gma-MIR164g, gma-MIR164h, gma-MIR164i, gma-MIR164j, gma-MIR164k, gma-MIR166n, gma-MIR166o, gma-MIR166p, gma-MIR166q, gma-MIR166r, gma-MIR166s, gma-MIR166t, gma-MIR166u, gma-MIR169v, gma-MIR393c, gma-MIR393d, gma-MIR393e, gma-MIR393f, gma-MIR393g, gma-MIR393h, gma-MIR393i, gma-MIR393j, gma-MIR393k, gma-MIR394g, gma-MIR167k, gma-MIR167l, gma-MIR169w
This was also the case for some other miRNA families, such as ahy-miR164 (from 1 read to 4,116 reads) and ahy-miR166 (from 1 read to 9577 reads). [score:1]
For example, miR156/157, miR159/319, miR166, miR169, and miR394 have been found in 51, 45, 41, 40, and 40 plant species, respectively [34, 38, 41]. [score:1]
Of the 22 miRNA families, three miRNA families (miR156/157, miR166, and miR167) were predicted [34, 38, 41] using a comparative genomics -based strategy [38]. [score:1]
miRNAs of moderate abundance included ahy-miR157d, ahy-miR164a, ahy-miR166a, ahy-miR166 g, ahy-miR166a, ahy-miR167f, and ahy-miR172a were detected 2,000-10,000 times in the library. [score:1]
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[+] score: 4
A similar study showed that miR156, miR166, miR171, miR172, miR319, miR164 along with their target genes, were differentially expressed in stress-tolerant maize hybrids compared with stress-sensitive lines [52]. [score:4]
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[+] score: 4
High-throughput sequencing of miRNAs showed that 14 rice miRNA families (osa-miR156, miR160, miR164, miR166, miR167, miR168, miR171, miR319, miR396, miR397, miR408, miR528, miR530, miR820) were significantly down-regulated after drought treatment [23]. [score:4]
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[+] score: 3
The miR166 target ATHB14-LIKE transcript was experimentally validated by RACE PCR [36]. [score:3]
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[+] score: 3
To confirm that OsDRB1 has the same function as AtHYL1, we measured the levels of miR164, miR166, and miR168 by small -RNA RT-qPCR in an OsDRB1-knockdown rice line and found that these miRNAs were down-regulated (S2C Fig). [score:3]
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[+] score: 3
Prigge and Clark [73], and Floyd and Bowman [75] have previously suggested that HD-Zip III sequences across all land plants produce transcripts that could be targeted by miRNA165 and miRNA166. [score:3]
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[+] score: 3
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, gma-MIR156d, gma-MIR156e, gma-MIR156c, gma-MIR159a, gma-MIR160a, gma-MIR166a, gma-MIR166b, gma-MIR167a, gma-MIR167b, gma-MIR172a, gma-MIR172b, gma-MIR156a, gma-MIR156b, gma-MIR169a, osa-MIR169r, gma-MIR159b, gma-MIR159c, gma-MIR164a, gma-MIR167c, gma-MIR169b, gma-MIR169c, gma-MIR1520d, gma-MIR1520a, gma-MIR1520b, gma-MIR1520c, gma-MIR167d, gma-MIR167e, gma-MIR167f, gma-MIR172c, gma-MIR172d, gma-MIR172e, gma-MIR1520e, gma-MIR1520f, gma-MIR1520g, gma-MIR1520h, gma-MIR1520i, gma-MIR1520j, gma-MIR1520k, gma-MIR1520l, gma-MIR1520m, gma-MIR1520n, gma-MIR1520o, gma-MIR167g, gma-MIR1520r, gma-MIR156f, gma-MIR1520p, gma-MIR4406, gma-MIR169d, gma-MIR1520q, gma-MIR172f, gma-MIR169e, gma-MIR156g, gma-MIR159d, gma-MIR156h, gma-MIR156i, gma-MIR160b, gma-MIR160c, gma-MIR160d, gma-MIR160e, gma-MIR164b, gma-MIR164c, gma-MIR164d, gma-MIR166c, gma-MIR166d, gma-MIR166e, gma-MIR166f, gma-MIR166g, gma-MIR166h, gma-MIR169f, gma-MIR169g, gma-MIR169h, gma-MIR167h, gma-MIR169i, gma-MIR167i, gma-MIR156j, gma-MIR156k, gma-MIR156l, gma-MIR156m, gma-MIR156n, gma-MIR156o, gma-MIR159e, gma-MIR159f, gma-MIR166i, gma-MIR166j, gma-MIR169j, gma-MIR169k, gma-MIR169l, gma-MIR169m, gma-MIR169n, gma-MIR172g, gma-MIR172h, gma-MIR172i, gma-MIR172j, gma-MIR167j, gma-MIR156p, gma-MIR172k, gma-MIR156q, gma-MIR172l, gma-MIR169o, gma-MIR169p, gma-MIR156r, gma-MIR156s, gma-MIR169r, gma-MIR169s, gma-MIR166k, gma-MIR156t, gma-MIR169t, gma-MIR166l, gma-MIR166m, gma-MIR169u, gma-MIR156u, gma-MIR156v, gma-MIR156w, gma-MIR156x, gma-MIR156y, gma-MIR156z, gma-MIR156aa, gma-MIR156ab, gma-MIR160f, gma-MIR164e, gma-MIR164f, gma-MIR164g, gma-MIR164h, gma-MIR164i, gma-MIR164j, gma-MIR164k, gma-MIR166n, gma-MIR166o, gma-MIR166p, gma-MIR166q, gma-MIR166r, gma-MIR166s, gma-MIR166t, gma-MIR166u, gma-MIR169v, gma-MIR167k, gma-MIR167l, gma-MIR169w
We identified a number of HD-ZIP transcription factors as targets for gma-miR166 in our degradome libraries. [score:3]
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[+] score: 3
Eighteen of the 27 Vvi-miRNA families contained many members (Table  2), with four families (Vvi-miR169, Vvi-miR156, Vvi-miR166, Vvi-miR171 and Vvi-miR399) possessing 19, 8, 7, 8, and 7 members, respectively. [score:1]
Among the known Vvi-miRNAs, the Vvi-miR166 family had the most abundant reads accounting for 63.2% of all the conserved miRNA reads. [score:1]
This aspect is best exemplified by Vvi-miR166 family, where Vvi-miR166d/e/f/g had more than 246,000 reads in control samples, but possessed only several dozen or even a little more reads in the GA [3] treatment samples, while Vvi-miR166b was detected 37,952 times in control and 176,156 times in GA [3] treatment (Table  2). [score:1]
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Other miRNAs from this paper: ath-MIR156a, ath-MIR156b, ath-MIR156c, ath-MIR156d, ath-MIR156e, ath-MIR156f, ath-MIR159a, ath-MIR160a, ath-MIR160b, ath-MIR160c, ath-MIR162a, ath-MIR162b, ath-MIR164a, ath-MIR164b, ath-MIR166a, ath-MIR166b, ath-MIR166c, ath-MIR166d, ath-MIR166e, ath-MIR166f, ath-MIR166g, ath-MIR167a, ath-MIR167b, ath-MIR168a, ath-MIR168b, ath-MIR169a, ath-MIR172a, ath-MIR172b, ath-MIR159b, osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR162a, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, ath-MIR167d, ath-MIR169b, ath-MIR169c, ath-MIR169d, ath-MIR169e, ath-MIR169f, ath-MIR169g, ath-MIR169h, ath-MIR169i, ath-MIR169j, ath-MIR169k, ath-MIR169l, ath-MIR169m, ath-MIR169n, ath-MIR172c, ath-MIR172d, ath-MIR395a, ath-MIR395b, ath-MIR395c, ath-MIR395d, ath-MIR395e, ath-MIR395f, ath-MIR396a, ath-MIR396b, ath-MIR399a, ath-MIR399b, ath-MIR399c, ath-MIR399d, ath-MIR399e, ath-MIR399f, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR399a, osa-MIR399b, osa-MIR399c, osa-MIR399d, osa-MIR399e, osa-MIR399f, osa-MIR399g, osa-MIR399h, osa-MIR399i, osa-MIR399j, osa-MIR399k, ath-MIR408, ath-MIR156g, ath-MIR156h, ath-MIR159c, ath-MIR164c, ath-MIR167c, ath-MIR172e, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR162b, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR171h, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, zma-MIR156d, zma-MIR156f, zma-MIR156g, zma-MIR156b, zma-MIR156c, zma-MIR156e, zma-MIR156a, zma-MIR156h, zma-MIR156i, zma-MIR160a, zma-MIR160c, zma-MIR160d, zma-MIR160b, zma-MIR164a, zma-MIR164d, zma-MIR164b, zma-MIR164c, zma-MIR169a, zma-MIR169b, zma-MIR167a, zma-MIR167b, zma-MIR167d, zma-MIR167c, zma-MIR160e, zma-MIR166a, zma-MIR162, zma-MIR166h, zma-MIR166e, zma-MIR166i, zma-MIR166f, zma-MIR166g, zma-MIR166b, zma-MIR166c, zma-MIR166d, zma-MIR172a, zma-MIR172d, zma-MIR172b, zma-MIR172c, osa-MIR396e, zma-MIR395b, zma-MIR395c, zma-MIR395a, zma-MIR396b, zma-MIR396a, zma-MIR399a, zma-MIR399c, zma-MIR399b, zma-MIR399d, zma-MIR399e, zma-MIR399f, zma-MIR156j, zma-MIR159a, zma-MIR159b, zma-MIR159c, zma-MIR159d, zma-MIR166k, zma-MIR166j, zma-MIR167e, zma-MIR167f, zma-MIR167g, zma-MIR167h, zma-MIR167i, zma-MIR168a, zma-MIR168b, zma-MIR169c, zma-MIR169f, zma-MIR169g, zma-MIR169h, zma-MIR169i, zma-MIR169k, zma-MIR169j, zma-MIR169d, zma-MIR169e, zma-MIR172e, zma-MIR166l, zma-MIR166m, zma-MIR171h, zma-MIR408a, zma-MIR156k, zma-MIR160f, osa-MIR529a, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, osa-MIR529b, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR396f, zma-MIR396c, zma-MIR396d, osa-MIR2118a, osa-MIR2118b, osa-MIR2118c, osa-MIR2118d, osa-MIR2118e, osa-MIR2118f, osa-MIR2118g, osa-MIR2118h, osa-MIR2118i, osa-MIR2118j, osa-MIR2118k, osa-MIR2118l, osa-MIR2118m, osa-MIR2118n, osa-MIR2118o, osa-MIR2118p, osa-MIR2118q, osa-MIR2118r, osa-MIR2275a, osa-MIR2275b, zma-MIR2118a, zma-MIR2118b, zma-MIR2118c, zma-MIR2118d, zma-MIR2118e, zma-MIR2118f, zma-MIR2118g, zma-MIR2275a, zma-MIR2275b, zma-MIR2275c, zma-MIR2275d, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, zma-MIR156l, zma-MIR159e, zma-MIR159f, zma-MIR159g, zma-MIR159h, zma-MIR159i, zma-MIR159j, zma-MIR159k, zma-MIR160g, zma-MIR164e, zma-MIR164f, zma-MIR164g, zma-MIR164h, zma-MIR166n, zma-MIR167j, zma-MIR169l, zma-MIR169m, zma-MIR169n, zma-MIR169o, zma-MIR169p, zma-MIR169q, zma-MIR169r, zma-MIR395d, zma-MIR395e, zma-MIR395f, zma-MIR395g, zma-MIR395h, zma-MIR395i, zma-MIR395j, zma-MIR395k, zma-MIR395l, zma-MIR395m, zma-MIR395n, zma-MIR395o, zma-MIR395p, zma-MIR396e, zma-MIR396f, zma-MIR396g, zma-MIR396h, zma-MIR399g, zma-MIR399h, zma-MIR399i, zma-MIR399j, zma-MIR408b, zma-MIR529, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y, osa-MIR2275c, osa-MIR2275d, ath-MIR156i, ath-MIR156j
The six most abundantly expressed miRNA families were miR166, miR168, miR167, miR156, miR159, and miRs6. [score:3]
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[+] score: 3
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR162a, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR394, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR397a, osa-MIR397b, osa-MIR399a, osa-MIR399b, osa-MIR399c, osa-MIR399d, osa-MIR399e, osa-MIR399f, osa-MIR399g, osa-MIR399h, osa-MIR399i, osa-MIR399j, osa-MIR399k, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR319a, osa-MIR319b, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR162b, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, osa-MIR413, osa-MIR414, osa-MIR415, osa-MIR416, osa-MIR417, osa-MIR418, osa-MIR419, osa-MIR426, osa-MIR390, osa-MIR396e, osa-MIR444a, osa-MIR530, osa-MIR535, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, osa-MIR818a, osa-MIR818b, osa-MIR818c, osa-MIR818d, osa-MIR818e, osa-MIR820a, osa-MIR820b, osa-MIR820c, osa-MIR1423, osa-MIR1425, osa-MIR1427, osa-MIR1428a, osa-MIR1429, osa-MIR1430, osa-MIR1431, osa-MIR1432, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR444b, osa-MIR444c, osa-MIR444d, osa-MIR444e, osa-MIR444f, osa-MIR810b, osa-MIR1435, osa-MIR1436, osa-MIR1437a, osa-MIR1440a, osa-MIR1441, osa-MIR1442, osa-MIR1439, osa-MIR1428b, osa-MIR1428c, osa-MIR1428d, osa-MIR1428e, osa-MIR1428f, osa-MIR1428g, osa-MIR396f, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y, osa-MIR1440b, osa-MIR818f, osa-MIR1437b
miR166 has 14 loci with 5 members and all were found to be expressed in rice but with varied frequencies. [score:3]
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[+] score: 3
NaCl -induced changes observed in the miRNA abundance in several miRNA families, particularly miR172, miR408, miR399, miR166, miR165 and miR535 (Fig.   1), is indicative of an altered metabolism in the test plant in the presence of salt, which was also observed in other studies, including halophytes and non-halophytes [27, 57]. [score:1]
The maximum miRNA representation at up to 21 was observed in the miR166 family, and it was followed by 12 miRNAs in the miR396 family, 11 miRNAs each in the miR159 and miR319 miRNA families, and ten miRNAs in the miR156/157 family. [score:1]
In addition to showing the highest number of individual miRNAs, the miR166 family also showed the maximum number of combined reads/abundance (Fig.   1). [score:1]
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60
[+] score: 3
Among the known rice miRNAs (miRBase version21), five miRNA families (miR156, miR159, miR166, miR167 and miR168) were highly expressed as detected by the sequencing based small RNA profiling. [score:3]
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[+] score: 3
For 78 conserved miRNAs, four miRNA family reads (miR156, miR166, miR157, and miR167) occupied 79.47% of expressed miRNA reads on average (S2). [score:3]
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[+] score: 3
In contrast, only 11 out of the 160 miRNAs (~6.88%), miR1318, miR1432, miR162a,b, miR164a,b,f, miR166k,l, miR2094-3p, and miR2101-3p, were more abundantly expressed in inferior spikelets at the similar grain-filling stage during rice grain filling (P < 0.05, n = 5, two-tailed paired t-test; Figure  3G). [score:3]
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[+] score: 3
Four HD-ZIP transcription factors were the common targets of known miRNA osa-miR166k-3p and novel miRNA sbi-miR166a_R+1_1ss1TG (a miRNA that has one base more than known sbi-miR166a in the 3′-end, and with one substitution of T->G at position 1). [score:3]
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64
[+] score: 2
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, zma-MIR156d, zma-MIR156f, zma-MIR156g, zma-MIR156b, zma-MIR156c, zma-MIR156e, zma-MIR156a, zma-MIR156h, zma-MIR156i, zma-MIR167a, zma-MIR167b, zma-MIR167d, zma-MIR167c, zma-MIR166a, zma-MIR166h, zma-MIR166e, zma-MIR166i, zma-MIR166f, zma-MIR166g, zma-MIR166b, zma-MIR166c, zma-MIR166d, gma-MIR156d, gma-MIR156e, gma-MIR156c, gma-MIR166a, gma-MIR166b, gma-MIR167a, gma-MIR167b, gma-MIR168a, gma-MIR156a, gma-MIR156b, zma-MIR156j, zma-MIR166k, zma-MIR166j, zma-MIR167e, zma-MIR167f, zma-MIR167g, zma-MIR167h, zma-MIR167i, zma-MIR168a, zma-MIR168b, zma-MIR166l, zma-MIR166m, zma-MIR156k, osa-MIR535, gma-MIR167c, gma-MIR1507a, gma-MIR167d, gma-MIR1507b, gma-MIR167e, gma-MIR167f, zma-MIR156l, zma-MIR166n, zma-MIR167j, gma-MIR167g, gma-MIR156f, gma-MIR156g, gma-MIR156h, gma-MIR156i, gma-MIR166c, gma-MIR166d, gma-MIR166e, gma-MIR166f, gma-MIR166g, gma-MIR166h, gma-MIR168b, gma-MIR1507c, gma-MIR167h, gma-MIR167i, gma-MIR3522, gma-MIR156j, gma-MIR156k, gma-MIR156l, gma-MIR156m, gma-MIR156n, gma-MIR156o, gma-MIR166i, gma-MIR166j, gma-MIR167j, gma-MIR156p, gma-MIR156q, gma-MIR156r, gma-MIR156s, gma-MIR166k, gma-MIR156t, gma-MIR166l, gma-MIR166m, gma-MIR156u, gma-MIR156v, gma-MIR156w, gma-MIR156x, gma-MIR156y, gma-MIR156z, gma-MIR156aa, gma-MIR156ab, gma-MIR166n, gma-MIR166o, gma-MIR166p, gma-MIR166q, gma-MIR166r, gma-MIR166s, gma-MIR166t, gma-MIR166u, gma-MIR167k, gma-MIR167l
Nipponbare) was probed for corn miR168 sequence (Panel A); soybean miR168 sequence (Panel B), or miR166 (Panel C). [score:1]
The plant miRNAs used in the search include miR156, miR166, miR167, miR168, miR535 and miR3522. [score:1]
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[+] score: 2
Some miRNAs such as ogl-miR156l, ogl-miR166c, ogl-miR166k, ogl-miR168a, ogl-miR167i, ogl-miR171f, ogl-miR1846d of control library and ogl-miR408, ogl-miR528, ogl-miR156, ogl-miR390, ogl-miR396c of treated library had higher reads than their complementary stand, respectively (Tables  S2 and S3). [score:1]
For an example, in control library ogl-miR166k has only 2 reads whose complementary sequence i. e. ogl-miR166k-3p has 8654 reads. [score:1]
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[+] score: 2
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR162a, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR171a, osa-MIR394, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR162b, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR171b, osa-MIR171c, osa-MIR171d, osa-MIR171e, osa-MIR171f, osa-MIR171g, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR171h, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR171i, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, osa-MIR396e, gma-MIR156d, gma-MIR156e, gma-MIR156c, gma-MIR159a, gma-MIR160a, gma-MIR166a, gma-MIR166b, gma-MIR167a, gma-MIR167b, gma-MIR172a, gma-MIR172b, gma-MIR156a, gma-MIR396a, gma-MIR396b, gma-MIR156b, gma-MIR169a, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, osa-MIR169r, gma-MIR159b, gma-MIR159c, gma-MIR162a, gma-MIR164a, gma-MIR167c, gma-MIR169b, gma-MIR169c, gma-MIR171a, gma-MIR171b, gma-MIR482a, sly-MIR160a, sly-MIR166a, sly-MIR166b, sly-MIR167a, sly-MIR169a, sly-MIR169b, sly-MIR169c, sly-MIR169d, sly-MIR171a, sly-MIR171b, sly-MIR171c, sly-MIR171d, sly-MIR395a, sly-MIR395b, sly-MIR156a, sly-MIR156b, sly-MIR156c, sly-MIR159, sly-MIR162, sly-MIR172a, sly-MIR172b, osa-MIR396f, gma-MIR167d, gma-MIR396c, mdm-MIR482a, gma-MIR167e, gma-MIR167f, gma-MIR172c, gma-MIR172d, gma-MIR172e, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y, gma-MIR396d, gma-MIR482b, gma-MIR167g, gma-MIR156f, gma-MIR169d, gma-MIR172f, gma-MIR171c, gma-MIR169e, gma-MIR394b, gma-MIR156g, gma-MIR159d, gma-MIR394a, gma-MIR396e, gma-MIR156h, gma-MIR156i, gma-MIR160b, gma-MIR160c, gma-MIR160d, gma-MIR160e, gma-MIR162b, gma-MIR164b, gma-MIR164c, gma-MIR164d, gma-MIR166c, gma-MIR166d, gma-MIR166e, gma-MIR166f, gma-MIR166g, gma-MIR166h, gma-MIR169f, gma-MIR169g, gma-MIR171d, gma-MIR171e, gma-MIR171f, gma-MIR171g, gma-MIR394c, gma-MIR408d, gma-MIR482c, gma-MIR171h, gma-MIR171i, gma-MIR169h, gma-MIR167h, gma-MIR169i, gma-MIR396f, gma-MIR396g, gma-MIR167i, sly-MIR482e, sly-MIR482a, gma-MIR171j, gma-MIR395a, gma-MIR395b, gma-MIR395c, gma-MIR408a, gma-MIR408b, gma-MIR408c, gma-MIR156j, gma-MIR156k, gma-MIR156l, gma-MIR156m, gma-MIR156n, gma-MIR156o, gma-MIR159e, gma-MIR159f, gma-MIR162c, gma-MIR166i, gma-MIR166j, gma-MIR169j, gma-MIR169k, gma-MIR169l, gma-MIR169m, gma-MIR169n, gma-MIR171k, gma-MIR172g, gma-MIR172h, gma-MIR172i, gma-MIR172j, gma-MIR396h, gma-MIR396i, gma-MIR482d, gma-MIR167j, gma-MIR171l, gma-MIR156p, gma-MIR171m, gma-MIR172k, gma-MIR171n, gma-MIR156q, gma-MIR171o, gma-MIR172l, gma-MIR169o, gma-MIR171p, gma-MIR394d, gma-MIR169p, gma-MIR156r, gma-MIR396j, gma-MIR171q, gma-MIR156s, gma-MIR169r, gma-MIR169s, gma-MIR396k, gma-MIR166k, gma-MIR156t, gma-MIR482e, gma-MIR171r, gma-MIR394e, gma-MIR169t, gma-MIR171s, gma-MIR166l, gma-MIR171t, gma-MIR394f, gma-MIR171u, gma-MIR395d, gma-MIR395e, gma-MIR395f, gma-MIR395g, gma-MIR166m, gma-MIR169u, sly-MIR482b, sly-MIR482c, gma-MIR156u, gma-MIR156v, gma-MIR156w, gma-MIR156x, gma-MIR156y, gma-MIR156z, gma-MIR156aa, gma-MIR156ab, gma-MIR160f, gma-MIR164e, gma-MIR164f, gma-MIR164g, gma-MIR164h, gma-MIR164i, gma-MIR164j, gma-MIR164k, gma-MIR166n, gma-MIR166o, gma-MIR166p, gma-MIR166q, gma-MIR166r, gma-MIR166s, gma-MIR166t, gma-MIR166u, gma-MIR169v, gma-MIR394g, gma-MIR395h, gma-MIR395i, gma-MIR395j, gma-MIR395k, gma-MIR395l, gma-MIR395m, mdm-MIR156a, mdm-MIR156b, mdm-MIR156c, mdm-MIR156d, mdm-MIR156e, mdm-MIR156f, mdm-MIR156g, mdm-MIR156h, mdm-MIR156i, mdm-MIR156j, mdm-MIR156k, mdm-MIR156l, mdm-MIR156m, mdm-MIR156n, mdm-MIR156o, mdm-MIR156p, mdm-MIR156q, mdm-MIR156r, mdm-MIR156s, mdm-MIR156t, mdm-MIR156u, mdm-MIR156v, mdm-MIR156w, mdm-MIR156x, mdm-MIR156y, mdm-MIR156z, mdm-MIR156aa, mdm-MIR156ab, mdm-MIR156ac, mdm-MIR156ad, mdm-MIR156ae, mdm-MIR159a, mdm-MIR159b, mdm-MIR160a, mdm-MIR160b, mdm-MIR160c, mdm-MIR160d, mdm-MIR160e, mdm-MIR162a, mdm-MIR162b, mdm-MIR164a, mdm-MIR164b, mdm-MIR164c, mdm-MIR164d, mdm-MIR164e, mdm-MIR164f, mdm-MIR166a, mdm-MIR166b, mdm-MIR166c, mdm-MIR166d, mdm-MIR166e, mdm-MIR166f, mdm-MIR166g, mdm-MIR166h, mdm-MIR166i, mdm-MIR167a, mdm-MIR167b, mdm-MIR167c, mdm-MIR167d, mdm-MIR167e, mdm-MIR167f, mdm-MIR167g, mdm-MIR167h, mdm-MIR167i, mdm-MIR167j, mdm-MIR169a, mdm-MIR169b, mdm-MIR169c, mdm-MIR169d, mdm-MIR171a, mdm-MIR171b, mdm-MIR171c, mdm-MIR171d, mdm-MIR171e, mdm-MIR171f, mdm-MIR171g, mdm-MIR171h, mdm-MIR171i, mdm-MIR171j, mdm-MIR171k, mdm-MIR171l, mdm-MIR171m, mdm-MIR171n, mdm-MIR172a, mdm-MIR172b, mdm-MIR172c, mdm-MIR172d, mdm-MIR172e, mdm-MIR172f, mdm-MIR172g, mdm-MIR172h, mdm-MIR172i, mdm-MIR172j, mdm-MIR172k, mdm-MIR172l, mdm-MIR172m, mdm-MIR172n, mdm-MIR172o, mdm-MIR394a, mdm-MIR394b, mdm-MIR395a, mdm-MIR395b, mdm-MIR395c, mdm-MIR395d, mdm-MIR395e, mdm-MIR395f, mdm-MIR395g, mdm-MIR395h, mdm-MIR395i, mdm-MIR396a, mdm-MIR396b, mdm-MIR396c, mdm-MIR396d, mdm-MIR396e, mdm-MIR396f, mdm-MIR396g, mdm-MIR408a, mdm-MIR482b, mdm-MIR482c, mdm-MIR408b, mdm-MIR408c, mdm-MIR408d, mdm-MIR482d, mdm-MIR159c, mdm-MIR171o, mdm-MIR169e, mdm-MIR169f, sly-MIR164a, sly-MIR164b, sly-MIR394, sly-MIR166c, sly-MIR156d, sly-MIR156e, sly-MIR396a, sly-MIR167b, sly-MIR482d, sly-MIR169e, sly-MIR396b, sly-MIR171e, gma-MIR167k, gma-MIR167l, gma-MIR169w, sly-MIR172c, sly-MIR408, sly-MIR172d, sly-MIR169f, sly-MIR171f, mdm-MIR159d, mdm-MIR159e, mdm-MIR159f, mdm-MIR166j, mdm-MIR395j, mdm-MIR169g, mdm-MIR169h, mdm-MIR169i, mdm-MIR169j, mdm-MIR171p, mdm-MIR395k, mdm-MIR171q, mdm-MIR169k, mdm-MIR169l, mdm-MIR169m, mdm-MIR169n, mdm-MIR172p, mdm-MIR395l, mdm-MIR169o
As indicated in Table 2, 19/21 replicated miRNAs (90%) were present in two copies, with two exceptions: miR166 (three copies) and miR395 (four copies). [score:1]
miR396, miR166, miR172, miR169 and miR395 were also present at multiple loci in date palm, and these miRNAs had the highest average copy number in the other plant species. [score:1]
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67
[+] score: 2
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR162a, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR393a, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR399a, osa-MIR399b, osa-MIR399c, osa-MIR399d, osa-MIR399e, osa-MIR399f, osa-MIR399g, osa-MIR399h, osa-MIR399i, osa-MIR399j, osa-MIR399k, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR393b, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, osa-MIR414, osa-MIR396e, osa-MIR444a, osa-MIR528, osa-MIR529b, osa-MIR1432, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR444b, osa-MIR444c, osa-MIR444d, osa-MIR444e, osa-MIR444f, osa-MIR1846d, osa-MIR1853, osa-MIR1860, osa-MIR396f, osa-MIR2118a, osa-MIR2118b, osa-MIR2118c, osa-MIR2118d, osa-MIR2118e, osa-MIR2118f, osa-MIR2118g, osa-MIR2118h, osa-MIR2118i, osa-MIR2118j, osa-MIR2118k, osa-MIR2118l, osa-MIR2118m, osa-MIR2118n, osa-MIR2118o, osa-MIR2118p, osa-MIR2118q, osa-MIR2118r, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, osa-MIR5072, osa-MIR5078, osa-MIR5826
For an example, in the control library, both oco-miR2118 and oco-miR444 families had maximum of6 members each whereas, in the treated library, oco-miR166 family had maximum of 12 members followed by both oco-miR396 andoco-miR169 families, each with 8 members. [score:1]
Apart from that osa-miR396c [60], osa-miR393a [57, 61], osa-miR166 [62] are also found to be salt responsive miRNA of rice. [score:1]
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Impressively, among 20 miRNA families now recognized to be conserved in diverse plant species [48, 49], 16 were identified in developing pollen and sporophytic tissues in this study, and 6 (miR156, miR159, miR164, miR166, miR167 and miR396) were accumulated highly throughout all examined samples (clusters 4, 5 and 9 in Figure 2a), which implies that these conserved miRNAs are conserved among species and among sporophytes and pollen, and among developmental stages of pollen. [score:2]
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[+] score: 2
Other miRNAs from this paper: ath-MIR156a, ath-MIR156b, ath-MIR156c, ath-MIR156d, ath-MIR156e, ath-MIR156f, ath-MIR157a, ath-MIR157b, ath-MIR157c, ath-MIR157d, ath-MIR159a, ath-MIR165a, ath-MIR165b, ath-MIR166a, ath-MIR166b, ath-MIR166c, ath-MIR166d, ath-MIR166e, ath-MIR166f, ath-MIR166g, ath-MIR169a, ath-MIR170, ath-MIR171a, ath-MIR172a, ath-MIR172b, ath-MIR159b, ath-MIR319a, ath-MIR319b, osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR171a, ath-MIR169b, ath-MIR169c, ath-MIR169d, ath-MIR169e, ath-MIR169f, ath-MIR169g, ath-MIR169h, ath-MIR169i, ath-MIR169j, ath-MIR169k, ath-MIR169l, ath-MIR169m, ath-MIR169n, ath-MIR171b, ath-MIR171c, ath-MIR172c, ath-MIR172d, ath-MIR395a, ath-MIR395b, ath-MIR395c, ath-MIR395d, ath-MIR395e, ath-MIR395f, ath-MIR399a, ath-MIR399b, ath-MIR399c, ath-MIR399d, ath-MIR399e, ath-MIR399f, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR399a, osa-MIR399b, osa-MIR399c, osa-MIR399d, osa-MIR399e, osa-MIR399f, osa-MIR399g, osa-MIR399h, osa-MIR399i, osa-MIR399j, osa-MIR399k, ath-MIR401, ath-MIR156g, ath-MIR156h, ath-MIR159c, ath-MIR319c, ath-MIR172e, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR319a, osa-MIR319b, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR171b, osa-MIR171c, osa-MIR171d, osa-MIR171e, osa-MIR171f, osa-MIR171g, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR171h, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR171i, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, ath-MIR413, ath-MIR414, ath-MIR415, ath-MIR416, ath-MIR417, osa-MIR413, osa-MIR414, osa-MIR415, osa-MIR416, osa-MIR417, ath-MIR426, osa-MIR426, osa-MIR438, osa-MIR444a, ptc-MIR156a, ptc-MIR156b, ptc-MIR156c, ptc-MIR156d, ptc-MIR156e, ptc-MIR156f, ptc-MIR156g, ptc-MIR156h, ptc-MIR156i, ptc-MIR156j, ptc-MIR156k, ptc-MIR159a, ptc-MIR159b, ptc-MIR159d, ptc-MIR159e, ptc-MIR159c, ptc-MIR166a, ptc-MIR166b, ptc-MIR166c, ptc-MIR166d, ptc-MIR166e, ptc-MIR166f, ptc-MIR166g, ptc-MIR166h, ptc-MIR166i, ptc-MIR166j, ptc-MIR166k, ptc-MIR166l, ptc-MIR166m, ptc-MIR166n, ptc-MIR166o, ptc-MIR166p, ptc-MIR166q, ptc-MIR169a, ptc-MIR169aa, ptc-MIR169ab, ptc-MIR169ac, ptc-MIR169ad, ptc-MIR169ae, ptc-MIR169af, ptc-MIR169b, ptc-MIR169c, ptc-MIR169d, ptc-MIR169e, ptc-MIR169f, ptc-MIR169g, ptc-MIR169h, ptc-MIR169i, ptc-MIR169j, ptc-MIR169k, ptc-MIR169l, ptc-MIR169m, ptc-MIR169n, ptc-MIR169o, ptc-MIR169p, ptc-MIR169q, ptc-MIR169r, ptc-MIR169s, ptc-MIR169t, ptc-MIR169u, ptc-MIR169v, ptc-MIR169w, ptc-MIR169x, ptc-MIR169y, ptc-MIR169z, ptc-MIR171a, ptc-MIR171b, ptc-MIR171c, ptc-MIR171d, ptc-MIR171e, ptc-MIR171f, ptc-MIR171g, ptc-MIR171h, ptc-MIR171i, ptc-MIR172a, ptc-MIR172b, ptc-MIR172c, ptc-MIR172d, ptc-MIR172e, ptc-MIR172f, ptc-MIR172g, ptc-MIR172h, ptc-MIR172i, ptc-MIR319a, ptc-MIR319b, ptc-MIR319c, ptc-MIR319d, ptc-MIR319e, ptc-MIR319f, ptc-MIR319g, ptc-MIR319h, ptc-MIR319i, ptc-MIR395a, ptc-MIR395b, ptc-MIR395c, ptc-MIR395d, ptc-MIR395e, ptc-MIR395f, ptc-MIR395g, ptc-MIR395h, ptc-MIR395i, ptc-MIR395j, ptc-MIR399a, ptc-MIR399b, ptc-MIR399d, ptc-MIR399f, ptc-MIR399g, ptc-MIR399h, ptc-MIR399i, ptc-MIR399j, ptc-MIR399c, ptc-MIR399e, ptc-MIR481a, ptc-MIR482a, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, ptc-MIR171k, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR444b, osa-MIR444c, osa-MIR444d, osa-MIR444e, osa-MIR444f, ptc-MIR171l, ptc-MIR171m, ptc-MIR171j, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y, ath-MIR156i, ath-MIR156j, ptc-MIR482d, ptc-MIR156l, ptc-MIR169ag, ptc-MIR482b, ptc-MIR395k, ptc-MIR482c
In Oryza and Populus, we find no new miSquare families, but three new members of known miRBase families (oza-MIR399, ptc-MIR166, and ptc-MIR395; see Table 2). [score:1]
In Arabidopsis, only the miR171 family is divided in two families, and the following miRBase families are pairwise grouped together: MIR319–MIR159, MIR156–MIR157, MIR165–MIR166, and MIR170–MIR171. [score:1]
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OsHB1 is a member of the Class III homeodomain leucine zipper family of genes, overexpression of its microRNA166-resistant version could result in adaxially rolled leaves due to the reduced sclerenchyma and formation of bulliform cells on the abaxial side [24]. [score:2]
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In particular, miR319, miR168, miR156, miR166, and miR159 were mapped with more than 10,000 reads (S1 Fig). [score:1]
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Among these miRNAs, the miR168 and miR166 families had the most reads in the control and treatment groups, respectively. [score:1]
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[+] score: 1
In previous studies, we identified a total of 18 cold stress responsive miRNAs using microarray data, including miR-156k, miR-166k, miR-166m, miR-167a/b/c, miR-168b, miR-169e, miR-169f, miR-169h, miR-171a, miR-535, miR-319a/b, miR-1884b, miR-444a. [score:1]
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[+] score: 1
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR162a, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR394, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR397a, osa-MIR397b, osa-MIR398a, osa-MIR398b, osa-MIR399a, osa-MIR399b, osa-MIR399c, osa-MIR399d, osa-MIR399e, osa-MIR399f, osa-MIR399g, osa-MIR399h, osa-MIR399i, osa-MIR399j, osa-MIR399k, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR162b, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR437, osa-MIR396e, osa-MIR444a, osa-MIR528, osa-MIR529a, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, osa-MIR529b, tae-MIR159b, tae-MIR167a, tae-MIR399, tae-MIR408, tae-MIR444a, osa-MIR1432, osa-MIR444b, osa-MIR444c, osa-MIR444d, osa-MIR444e, osa-MIR444f, osa-MIR1848, osa-MIR1858a, osa-MIR1858b, osa-MIR1862a, osa-MIR1862b, osa-MIR1862c, osa-MIR1871, osa-MIR1862d, osa-MIR1862e, osa-MIR827, osa-MIR396f, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y, hvu-MIR156a, tae-MIR156, hvu-MIR159b, hvu-MIR166a, tae-MIR167b, hvu-MIR168, tae-MIR395a, tae-MIR395b, hvu-MIR397a, tae-MIR398, tae-MIR444b, hvu-MIR166b, hvu-MIR444a, osa-MIR1862f, osa-MIR1862g, hvu-MIR399, hvu-MIR444b, hvu-MIR166c, tae-MIR396, tae-MIR167c, tae-MIR397, hvu-MIR397b, hvu-MIR156b
However, we believe that this is probably the miRNA* partner of miR166. [score:1]
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