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29 publications mentioning osa-MIR2118o

Open access articles that are associated with the species Oryza sativa and mention the gene name MIR2118o. Click the [+] symbols to view sentences that include the gene name, or the word cloud on the right for a summary.

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[+] score: 162
Black diamonds represent the differentially expressed miRNA families, and grey points to non-differentially expressed miRNA families between O. barthii and O. glaberrima Variations in the expression of miR2118, 21-nt phasiRNAs and associated precursors during African rice panicle developmentThe differential accumulation of specific microRNAs and 21-nt phasiRNAs observed between O. barthii and O. glaberrima may result from differences in their expression levels, but may also reflect a shift in the timing of their expression during panicle development. [score:13]
Interestingly, the proportion of phased loci sharing the miR2118 recognition site was significantly higher (p-value = 1.5 × 10 [−08]) in the differentially expressed group (i. e. higher expression in O. barthii) (61 %, n = 854) than in the group of non-differentially expressed phased loci (16 %, n = 38) (Additional file 6). [score:7]
Together, these data suggest that the 21-nt phasiRNA regulatory network is initiated early during panicle development from the stage of spikelet meristem establishment, before miR2118 and MEL1 expression, through the induction of lncRNA precursor expression. [score:7]
BM: branch meristem; SM: spikelet meristem; FM: floret meristemOur spatial expression analysis of miR2118, phasiPH12-1 and PH12 lncRNA and their differential accumulation patterns with respect to the morphological stages of panicle development between the two species indicates that at the branching stage, the gamete -associated small RNAs are initiated later and expressed at lower levels in O. glaberrima than in O. barthii. [score:6]
Our data revealed significant changes in expression of these gamete-specific 21-nt phasiRNAs between O. barthii and O. glaberrima, associated with differential expression of their regulators, namely miR2118 and MEL1. [score:6]
A detailed expression profiling during the panicle development of O. glaberrima and O. barthii using qRT-PCRs and in situ hybridization, confirmed a delayed expression of the phased siRNAs as well as their lncRNA precursors and regulators (miR2118 and MEL1 gene) in O. glaberrima compared to O. barthii. [score:6]
BM: branch meristem; SM: spikelet meristem; FM: floret meristem Our spatial expression analysis of miR2118, phasiPH12-1 and PH12 lncRNA and their differential accumulation patterns with respect to the morphological stages of panicle development between the two species indicates that at the branching stage, the gamete -associated small RNAs are initiated later and expressed at lower levels in O. glaberrima than in O. barthii. [score:6]
To determine the spatial expression patterns of miR2118, phasiPH12-1 and PH12 lncRNAs during panicle development, in situ hybridization analysis was performed at different developmental stages of young panicles from the two species (Fig.   4). [score:5]
This difference was paralleled by the later initiation of expression and lower accumulation during the branching stage of the 21-nt phasiRNA pathway members (miR2118, MEL1, lncRNAs and phasiRNAs) in O. glaberrima, as well as the lncRNA precursors expressed in spikelet meristems. [score:5]
Therefore, phased loci over -expression in O. barthii versus O. glaberrima may result from differences in miR2118 regulation between the two species. [score:4]
b Schematic view of the expression profiling of PH12 mRNA precursor, mature miR2118 and phasiPH12-1 regarding meristem state and developmental timing based on in situ hybridization data. [score:4]
While neither mature miR2118 nor 21-nt phasiRNA phasiPH12-1 were detected at the early morphological stage of panicle development (inflorescence meristem after reproductive transition, stage 1), their expression was initiated earlier in O. barthii (early branching stage, stage 2) than in O. glaberrima (late branching stage, stage 3). [score:4]
Variations in the expression of miR2118, 21-nt phasiRNAs and associated precursors during African rice panicle development. [score:4]
Panicle Meristem Small RNAs phasiRNAs miR2118 Domestication Oryza barthii Oryza glaberrima A prevailing view in evolutionary developmental biology (Evo-Devo) is that morphological traits evolved mostly by changes in expression patterns of functionally conserved genes rather than through the emergence of new genes (Doebley and Lukens 1998; Carroll 2008). [score:4]
Our study provides evidence that the differential expression of the miR2118-triggered 21-nt phasiRNA pathway in O. barthii and O. glaberrima may be associated with different rates of determinate meristem fate acquisition during branching stage of panicle development. [score:4]
qRT-PCR analysis of miR2118, PH12 precursor, phasiPH12-1, DCL4 and MEL1 ortholog expression levels during panicle development (from stage 1 to stage 4) in O. barthii (red) and O. glaberrima (blue). [score:4]
Our study shows that the onset of the miR2118-triggered 21-nt phasiRNA pathway is sequential in terms of initiation of expression with variations in spatial patterning of these factors. [score:3]
This analysis revealed that the onset of the miR2118-triggered 21-nt phasiRNA pathway is sequential in terms of initiation of expression. [score:3]
MicroRNA miR2118 has been reported to be preferentially expressed in rice and maize stamens, suggesting a role in male gametogenesis (Song et al. 2012a). [score:3]
This is in agreement with the expression pattern observed for MEL1 and miR2118. [score:3]
Although direct evidence is still lacking for the involvement in male gametogenesis of miR2118 and the associated phasiRNAs and lncRNA precursors, their involvement is supported by the phenotypes of rdr6 and dcl4 mutants affected in flower and stamen development (Liu et al. 2007; Song et al. 2012b). [score:3]
The abundances of reads from the plus strand are in dark grey, and reads from the minus strand are in light grey Previous studies of O. sativa showed that the miR2118-triggered 21-nt phasiRNAs specifically expressed in the rice panicle originate from unannotated regions of the genome (Johnson et al. 2009; Song et al. 2012a; Komiya et al. 2014). [score:3]
To test these hypotheses, expression analysis of miR2118, 21-nt phasiRNAs and their RNA precursors was performed on 4 distinct morphological stages of panicles collected from O. barthii (accession B88) and O. glaberrima (variety CG14) (Fig.   3; see Additional file 10 for histological description). [score:3]
Moreover, 40 % of the detected loci associated with differentially expressed 21-nt phasiRNAs between the two African species had no miR2118 recognition site motif, suggesting a potentially distinct mechanism of production. [score:3]
Differential expression of the miR2118-triggered 21-nt phasiRNA pathway between the two African rice species reflects differential rates of determinate fate acquisition of panicle meristems between the two species. [score:3]
The co -expression of miR2118 and MEL1 in the hypodermis of the differentiating stamen would result in the initiation of the 21-nt phasiRNA biogenesis pathway, leading to the accumulation of the phasiRNAs. [score:3]
The altered fraction of small RNAs corresponds mainly to 21-nt phasiRNAs generated from nearly a thousand non-coding RNA loci, associated with altered expression of the 22-nt microRNA miR2118. [score:3]
However, in these eudicot species, the miR2118 family members (including miR482 family members) were recruited to initiate secondary siRNAs on mRNAs encoding NBS-LRR proteins involved in disease resistance (Zhai et al. 2011; Li et al. 2012; Shivaprasad et al. 2012). [score:3]
Stage 1, Inflorescence meristem stage, after initiation of primary branch (i. e. rachis and primary branch meristems); stage 2, early branching stage (panicle with elongated primary and higher order branch development); stage 3, late branching stage (i. e. panicle with elongated primary and secondary branches); stage 4, young flowers with differentiated organsThe differential accumulation of miR2118, selected phasiRNAs and their corresponding precursors between the two species were validated through Northern-blotting and/or RT-PCRs on RNA bulks similar to the ones used for small RNA deep sequencing (Additional file 8). [score:2]
Zhai et al. (2015) have recently shown that maize miR2118-triggered 21-nt phasiRNAs correspond to premeiotic siRNAs in anthers, with a similar spatial patterning observed in rice, indicating a conservation of the spatial regulation of this pathway in grasses. [score:2]
The miR2118-triggered 21-nt phasiRNAs are markers of male-gametogenesis in African riceThe function of the 21-nt phasiRNAs during panicle development is still unclear. [score:2]
For miR2118, PH12 precursor and phasiPH12-1 detection, 0.02 μM of a 5′ digoxigenin–labeled LNA probe complementary to the target (see Additional file 1: Table S3 for primer sequences) was used. [score:2]
These findings indicate that the later accumulation of 21-nt phasiRNAs during the panicle developmental time-course in O. glaberrima is associated with a later accumulation of miR2118. [score:2]
Stage 1, Inflorescence meristem stage, after initiation of primary branch (i. e. rachis and primary branch meristems); stage 2, early branching stage (panicle with elongated primary and higher order branch development); stage 3, late branching stage (i. e. panicle with elongated primary and secondary branches); stage 4, young flowers with differentiated organs The differential accumulation of miR2118, selected phasiRNAs and their corresponding precursors between the two species were validated through Northern-blotting and/or RT-PCRs on RNA bulks similar to the ones used for small RNA deep sequencing (Additional file 8). [score:2]
Scale bars: 100 μm Conservation of miR2118-triggered 21-nt phasiRNAs in Oryza speciesUsing panicle-derived small RNA transcriptome sequencing in O. glaberrima and its wild ancestor, O. barthii, we showed that 29 % of the 21-nt small RNA population is drastically repressed (or non activated) in cultivated genotypes during the branching stage of panicle development. [score:2]
Finally, the phasiPH12-1 phasiRNAs are specifically located in pollen sac of differentiated stamens subsequent to miR2118 detection (Fig.   4). [score:1]
Our RNA-seq analysis revealed a dramatic difference between the two species in the 21 nucleotide small RNA population, corresponding mainly to miR2118-triggered phased siRNAs. [score:1]
These findings are in agreement with the small RNA-seq data, as the RNA bulks used for sequencing originate from panicles at morphological stages 1 to 3, in which miR2118 and 21-nt phasiRNAs are accumulated at higher levels in O. barthii than in O. glaberrima. [score:1]
Mature miR2118 transcripts were detected in the outer cell layer of stamens (i. e. hypodermis) (1–2) and later in pollen sac (3–4). [score:1]
Interestingly, miR2118-triggered secondary siRNA synthesis is also conserved across distantly related species, such as Medicago truncatula, tobacco and tomato. [score:1]
The 892 phased loci were scanned for the presence of the 22-nt miRNA miR2118 recognition site in their vicinity (Johnson et al. 2009; Song et al. 2012a; Komiya et al. 2014). [score:1]
MEL1 mRNAs were observed to be first detectable by in situ hybridization in the hypodermis of developing stamen primordia in a spotty pattern, similarly to that which we observed for miR2118 microRNA, later becoming restricted to microsporangia and pollen sac (Nonomura et al. 2007). [score:1]
They are produced from numerous polyA-tailed long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) generating loci through an RDR6 -dependent pathway triggered by the microRNAs miR2118 and miR2275 respectively (Komiya et al. 2014; Song et al. 2012a, b). [score:1]
Subsequently, miR2118 specifically accumulates in the hypodermis of developing stamens (prior to pollen sac differentiation) at the early floret differentiation stage, then in the epidermis and the pollen sac in differentiated stamens at later stages. [score:1]
These families included the canonical 22-nt miR2118 and five other ones, namely miR2275, miR5495, miR5497, miR5516 and miR5519 (Fig.   2). [score:1]
We found conservation of the male gametogenesis -associated miR2118-triggered phasiRNA pathway in these African rice species. [score:1]
The miR2118-triggered 21-nt phasiRNAs are markers of male-gametogenesis in African rice. [score:1]
a In situ hybridization of mature miR2118 (1–4), PH12 mRNA precursor (5–8) and phasiPH12-1 (9–10) in spikelet meristem (SMs), floret meristem (FMs) and differentiated floret in O. barthii (B88) and O. glaberrima (CG14). [score:1]
In our study, while PH12 precursor lncRNAs were detected in the spikelet meristem differentiation stage, phasiPH12-1 was only detected in the stamens of differentiating florets and co-localized with PH12 precursor lncRNAs, but only after miR2118 was observed to accumulate. [score:1]
Conservation of miR2118-triggered 21-nt phasiRNAs in Oryza species. [score:1]
Taken together, these data suggest that the accumulation levels of phasiRNAs may depend on miR2118, phased loci -associated lncRNAs and African rice MEL1 ortholog transcript accumulation levels rather than to those of the OsDCL4 ortholog. [score:1]
Another possible explanation would be that miR2118 recognition sites are present in the African rice genome at these loci but not in the O. sativa genome. [score:1]
In agreement with this, only a few of the reported lncRNA loci overlapped with the miR2118 -associated phasiRNA-generating loci in O. sativa and African rice species (data not shown). [score:1]
The lower panel illustrates the position of the miR2118 binding site and the detected phasiRNAs from the PH12 locus in the two species (above or below the line if originating from plus or minus strand respectively). [score:1]
The miR2118 recognition site is in blue. [score:1]
This is in agreement with observations in O. sativa that panicle-specific 21-nt phasiRNAs are produced from multiple non-coding RNA loci through an RDR6/DCL4 -dependent pathway triggered by the microRNA miR2118 (Johnson et al. 2009; Song et al. 2012a, b). [score:1]
Moreover, as mature miR2118 was detected in the MEL1 -binding small RNA fraction, it was argued that MEL1 might play a role in the first steps of the 21-nt phasiRNA biogenesis pathway as the AGO protein in the miR2118 -driven RISC triggering to the first cleavage of lncRNA precursors (Komiya et al. 2014). [score:1]
We provide evidence that the male-gametogenesis-specific 21-nt phasiRNA pathway triggered by miR2118 is conserved in both wild relative and domesticated African rice species. [score:1]
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[+] score: 53
“4x” and “2x” represent the autotetraploid and diploid rice, respectively Table 2The regulation of miR2118 and miR2275 families during pollen development of autotetraploid rice miRNA Family miRNA name PMA MA SCP BCP miR2118 osa-miR2118d up up osa-miR2118p up osa-miR2118o up down osa-miR2118i up osa-MIR2118i-p5 up osa-MIR2118e-p5 up miR2275 osa-miR2275d down down down up mes-miR2275 down down down osa-MIR2275c-p3 down down up zma-miR2275b-3p_1ss10CT down down up zma-miR2275b-3p_1ss22AG down down up zma-miR2275a-3p_L-1 down down Up: up-regulated in autotetraploid rice; Down: down-regulated in autotetraploid rice; PMA, MA, SCP and BCP represent pre-meiotic interphase, meiosis and single microspore stage and bi-cellular pollen stage, respectively Based on PhaseTank analysis [41], we observed 1117 loci generating 21 nt-phasiRNAs and 190 loci generating 24 nt-phasiRNAs triggered by the miR2118 and miR2275, respectively (Additional file 4: Tables S18, S19). [score:9]
“4x” and “2x” represent the autotetraploid and diploid rice, respectively Table 2The regulation of miR2118 and miR2275 families during pollen development of autotetraploid rice miRNA Family miRNA name PMA MA SCP BCP miR2118 osa-miR2118d up up osa-miR2118p up osa-miR2118o up down osa-miR2118i up osa-MIR2118i-p5 up osa-MIR2118e-p5 up miR2275 osa-miR2275d down down down up mes-miR2275 down down down osa-MIR2275c-p3 down down up zma-miR2275b-3p_1ss10CT down down up zma-miR2275b-3p_1ss22AG down down up zma-miR2275a-3p_L-1 down down Up: up-regulated in autotetraploid rice; Down: down-regulated in autotetraploid rice; PMA, MA, SCP and BCP represent pre-meiotic interphase, meiosis and single microspore stage and bi-cellular pollen stage, respectively Based on PhaseTank analysis [41], we observed 1117 loci generating 21 nt-phasiRNAs and 190 loci generating 24 nt-phasiRNAs triggered by the miR2118 and miR2275, respectively (Additional file 4: Tables S18, S19). [score:9]
The expression of miR2118 was hardly detected during embryo sac development; however, 21 nt-phasiRNAs not only detected in pollen development but also in the embryo sac development, suggesting that the 21 nt-phasiRNAs was not the anthers specific phasiRNAs; probably synthesized in other tissues then transported to embryo sac. [score:6]
Six members of miR2118 family showed differential expression patterns during pollen development (Table  2). [score:4]
The expression levels of miR2118 (i. e. osa-miR2118d, osa-miR2118p, osa-miR2118o, osa-miR2118i) and their pollen-specific-21 nt-phasiRNAs were quite different during pollen development stages (Tables  2 and 3). [score:4]
The expression patterns of miR2118 and miR2275 families from PMA to BCP in pollen and from MF to EES in embryo sac were nearly consistent in 02428-4x and 02428-2x, which specifically enriched during pollen development and gradually decreased after PMA (Fig.   5). [score:4]
In the present study, we found that miR2118 and miR2275 accumulated in pollen development and gradually declined from pre-meiotic, and 21 nt-phasiRNAs and 24 nt-phasiRNAs were also detected in the pollen development. [score:3]
Our previous study depicted different levels of expression of miR2118 and miR2275 families in Taichung65 [10]. [score:3]
Fig. 5The expression patterns of miR2118 (a) and miR2275 (b) families between 02428-4x and 02428-2x. [score:3]
miR2118 and miR2275 are required as triggers to initiate the 21 nt and 24 nt-phasiRNAs biogenesis, and have been reported in rice and maize anther development [58– 60]. [score:2]
Furthermore, miR2118 and miR2275 are the most important miRNA families involved in the generation of male-specific 21- and 24-nt phasiRNAs (phased small-interfering RNAs), respectively, and some studies suggest that they are essential for male meiosis and pollen development [25, 26]. [score:2]
osa-miR2118d, osa-miR2118p, osa-miR2118o and osa-miR2118i indicate the 21 nt-phasiRNAs triggered by them; osa-miR2275d indicates the 24 nt-phasiRNAs triggered by it We documented 4386 siRNAs associated with transposable elements (TEs-siRNAs) during pollen and embryo sac development of 02428-4x and 02428-2x. [score:2]
Then the confidence phasiRNAs with phasing scores higher than or equal to 25 were selected [26], and filtered the phasiRNAs that were triggered by miR2118 and miR2275 families. [score:1]
21 nt-phasiRNAs triggered by the miR2118. [score:1]
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[+] score: 39
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR398a, osa-MIR398b, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR437, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, osa-MIR818a, osa-MIR818b, osa-MIR818c, osa-MIR818d, osa-MIR818e, tae-MIR160, tae-MIR167a, tae-MIR1117, tae-MIR1118, tae-MIR1120a, tae-MIR1122a, tae-MIR1125, tae-MIR1127a, tae-MIR1128, tae-MIR1131, tae-MIR1133, tae-MIR1135, tae-MIR1136, tae-MIR1139, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR1436, osa-MIR1439, osa-MIR2118a, osa-MIR2118b, osa-MIR2118c, osa-MIR2118d, osa-MIR2118e, osa-MIR2118f, osa-MIR2118g, osa-MIR2118h, osa-MIR2118i, osa-MIR2118j, osa-MIR2118k, osa-MIR2118l, osa-MIR2118m, osa-MIR2118n, osa-MIR2118p, osa-MIR2118q, osa-MIR2118r, bdi-MIR167a, bdi-MIR1139, bdi-MIR1122, bdi-MIR437, bdi-MIR169b, bdi-MIR1127, bdi-MIR1135, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y, tae-MIR167b, tae-MIR169, tae-MIR395a, tae-MIR395b, tae-MIR398, tae-MIR5085, bdi-MIR5070, bdi-MIR169d, bdi-MIR169i, bdi-MIR395a, bdi-MIR169j, bdi-MIR160a, bdi-MIR395b, bdi-MIR167b, bdi-MIR160b, bdi-MIR167c, bdi-MIR169k, bdi-MIR160c, bdi-MIR167d, bdi-MIR169g, bdi-MIR160d, bdi-MIR160e, bdi-MIR169e, bdi-MIR398a, bdi-MIR169a, bdi-MIR169h, bdi-MIR169c, bdi-MIR395c, bdi-MIR5180b, bdi-MIR5175a, bdi-MIR5175b, bdi-MIR395d, bdi-MIR398b, bdi-MIR5180a, bdi-MIR169f, bdi-MIR395m, bdi-MIR395e, bdi-MIR395f, bdi-MIR395g, bdi-MIR395h, bdi-MIR395j, bdi-MIR395k, bdi-MIR395l, bdi-MIR395n, osa-MIR818f, bdi-MIR167e, bdi-MIR395o, bdi-MIR395p, bdi-MIR5049, bdi-MIR160f, bdi-MIR167f, bdi-MIR167g, bdi-MIR169l, bdi-MIR169m, bdi-MIR169n, bdi-MIR395q, bdi-MIR2118a, bdi-MIR2118b, tae-MIR1122b, tae-MIR1127b, tae-MIR1122c, tae-MIR167c, tae-MIR5175, tae-MIR1120b, tae-MIR1120c, tae-MIR6197, tae-MIR5049
Other miRNAs included in this study (miR169, miR5085, miR6220, miR2118) may also be expressed, under stress conditions, in other wheat tissues and/or at different developmental stages. [score:4]
Expression of pre-miR2118 in Triticum aestivum L. cv Chinese Spring (CS) (A) Endpoint PCR results (B) qRT-PCR results. [score:3]
Experimental evidence for expression of pre-miR2118 from wheat 5D chromosome. [score:3]
In order to show expression of selected pre-miRNAs (pre-miR2118, pre-miR169, pre-miR5085, pre-miR6220, pre-miR5070), RT-PCR and qRT-PCR was performed using Chinese Spring cDNA. [score:3]
0069801.g005 Figure 5Expression of pre-miR2118 in Triticum aestivum L. cv Chinese Spring (CS) (A) Endpoint PCR results (B) qRT-PCR results. [score:3]
Expression of pre-miR2118 in adult leaves of wheat, grown under standard greenhouse conditions was shown. [score:3]
Evidence for pre-miR2118 expression in wheat. [score:3]
5D-specific pre-miR2118 was shown to be expressed from the leaf tissue of CS grown under standard greenhouse conditions (Figure 5). [score:3]
Among these, expression of miR2118 was experimentally shown. [score:3]
pre-miR169, pre-miR5085 and pre-miR2118 coding regions were found to be 5D chromosome-specific. [score:1]
To experimentally validate 5D chromosome localization of selected pre-miRNAs (miR169, miR5085, miR2118, miR5070, miR6220), PCR screening was carried out using DNA from flow-sorted 5D chromosome arms. [score:1]
Three of these pre-miRNAs (miR169, miR5085, miR2118) were shown to be 5D specific (Figure 2). [score:1]
0069801.g002 Figure 2PCR screening of pre-miRNA coding sequences in flow sorted 5D short and long chromosome arms (5DS and 5DL); Triticum aestivum L. cv Chinese Spring (CS) and nullitetrasomic lines (N5D-T5A and N5D-T5B) (A) pre-miR169 (B) pre-miR5085 (C) pre miR5070 (D) pre-miR6220 (E) pre-miR2118. [score:1]
PCR screening of pre-miRNA coding sequences in flow sorted 5D short and long chromosome arms (5DS and 5DL); Triticum aestivum L. cv Chinese Spring (CS) and nullitetrasomic lines (N5D-T5A and N5D-T5B) (A) pre-miR169 (B) pre-miR5085 (C) pre miR5070 (D) pre-miR6220 (E) pre-miR2118. [score:1]
2.5 mM MgCl [2] (stock concentration : 25 mM) was used for the amplification of miR6220, miR5070 and miR2118 and this value was optimized to 2 mM and 3 mM for the miR5085 and miR169 amplicons. [score:1]
The annealing temperature was optimized to 56°C for mi6220 and miR2118 quantification. [score:1]
Our experimental results supported our in silico predictions: 5DS was verified to harbour regions coding for pre-miR2118 and pre-miR5070, and 5DL was confirmeded to contain both of the above plus pre-miR6220, pre-miR5085 and miR169 coding regions. [score:1]
miR2118 was shown to be located on both arms of the 5D chromosome (5D specific), while miR5085 and miR169 were found to be specific to the long arm (Figure 2). [score:1]
For amplification of miR2118 and miR5070, the annealing temperature was optimized to 50 [o]C and 60,5 [o]C, respectively. [score:1]
In this study, five pre-miRNA (miR169, miR5085, miR2118, miR6220, miR2118) coding sequences were verified to be located to the 5D chromosome (Figure 2). [score:1]
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4
[+] score: 39
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR397a, osa-MIR397b, osa-MIR398a, osa-MIR398b, osa-MIR399a, osa-MIR399b, osa-MIR399c, osa-MIR399d, osa-MIR399e, osa-MIR399f, osa-MIR399g, osa-MIR399h, osa-MIR399i, osa-MIR399j, osa-MIR399k, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166k, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, osa-MIR396e, osa-MIR528, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, osa-MIR1427, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR827, osa-MIR396f, osa-MIR2118a, osa-MIR2118b, osa-MIR2118c, osa-MIR2118d, osa-MIR2118e, osa-MIR2118f, osa-MIR2118g, osa-MIR2118h, osa-MIR2118i, osa-MIR2118j, osa-MIR2118k, osa-MIR2118l, osa-MIR2118m, osa-MIR2118n, osa-MIR2118p, osa-MIR2118q, osa-MIR2118r, osa-MIR2275a, osa-MIR2275b, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y, osa-MIR5485, osa-MIR5486, osa-MIR5487, osa-MIR5488, osa-MIR5492, osa-MIR5497, osa-MIR5509, osa-MIR2275c, osa-MIR5517, osa-MIR2275d, osa-MIR5528, osa-MIR5791, osa-MIR5792, osa-MIR5793, osa-MIR5796, osa-MIR5797, osa-MIR5800, osa-MIR5806, osa-MIR5818, osa-MIR5179
As the functional information for these non-conserved miRNA families is still limited, our target prediction results show that these miRNA families negatively-regulate a number of important drought-related target genes such as those encoding calmodulin binding protein (osa-miR1427, osa-miR5796), NBS-LRR disease resistance protein (osa-MIR2118), glutathione S-transferase (osa-miR2275d), dehydrin (osa-miR5793), transcription factors and protein kinases (S2 Table). [score:8]
While our target prediction analysis did not show any direct evidence of osa-miR2118 targeting the NBS-LRR resistance genes in qDTY4. [score:6]
While the potential role of 2 miRNAs and their corresponding targets (osa-miR2118, osa-miR5793) in drought stress regulation has been discussed in the previous section, the functions of the predicted targets of the remaining 6 miRNAs are also very much relevant to drought response in rice. [score:6]
1, four NBS-LRR resistance genes, namely LOC_04g10380.1, LOC_04g30610.1, LOC_04g30660.1 and LOC_04g30690.1, were targeted on chromosome 4. Further experimental validation of miRNA:mRNA interaction is required to examine whether osa-miR2118 is directly involved in the post-transcriptional regulation of NBS-LRR resistance genes in qDTY4. [score:5]
Supporting this notion, two large classes of 21 and 24 nt siRNAs, triggered by osa-miR2118 and osa-miR2275 respectively in their biosynthesis, were reported to show specific spatial expression in rice inflorescence [55, 56]. [score:3]
In addition, osa-miR2118 and osa-miR2275 have been reported to target numerous genomic clusters in rice genome to produce 21 and 24 nt siRNAs in a phased manner specifically in rice inflorescence [55, 56]. [score:3]
Functional analysis by over -expressing miR2118 in tobacco exhibited enhanced drought tolerance via higher water retention potential [68]. [score:3]
It is noteworthy that osa-miR2118 and osa-miR2275, which function in the biosynthesis of rice inflorescence-specific 21 and 24 nt siRNAs, were induced in the IR87705-7-15-B but repressed in the IR77298-14-1-2-10. [score:1]
miR2118 was reported as drought stress induced in Medicago truncatula [65] and Phaseolus vulgaris [66]. [score:1]
The cleavage of three NBS–LRR protein-encoding transcripts by miR2118 was confirmed by RACE–PCR [67]. [score:1]
Although NBS-LRR proteins are often implicated in protein-protein interaction with pathogen-derived molecules to trigger plant defense, there are studies that demonstrate that miR2118, which guides the mRNA cleavage of NBS-LRR resistance genes, is closely related to drought response in legumes [65, 66, 91]. [score:1]
Role of cin-miR2118 in drought stress responses in Caragana intermedia and Tobacco. [score:1]
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5
[+] score: 37
Eight miRNAs of miR2118 family were differentially expressed and preferentially down-regulated in pollen development stages. [score:7]
MEL1 (Os03g0800200) was significantly up-regulated in Taichuang65-4x [14], closely related to the differential expressions of miR2118. [score:6]
A total of 223 miRNAs were co-expressed in diploid and autotetraploid rice, some of them, such as miR159, miR166, miR396, miR2118 and miR2275 were highly expressed in both types of rice, indicating their conserved and essential roles in pollen development. [score:6]
Three of them, osa-MIR2118l-p5, osa-MIR2118m-p5 and osa-MIR2118o-p5, were specifically down-regulated in MA. [score:4]
The 21- and 24-nucleotide phasiRNAs were generated by the target sites of miR2118 and miR2275, recognized as a class of panicle-specific siRNAs [31, 32]. [score:3]
These findings were associated with the higher frequency of cytological abnormalities in autotetraploid rice, and we inferred that differential expressions of miR2118 and miR2275 families were associated with meiotic abnormalities in autotetraploid rice. [score:3]
The expression patterns of miR2118 and miR2275 families from PMA to SCP were almost the same between Taichung65-4x and Taichung65-2x, but with some variations in the members of these families (Figure 5). [score:3]
Similarly, our study also showed that miR2118 was abundant in pre-meiotic and then gradually decreased during other stages of pollen development. [score:2]
In addition, miR2118 family members were abundant at cell fate specification, and then vanished at cell differentiation of maize anther [32]. [score:1]
Furthermore, some miRNAs played key roles during meiotic division by generating phasiRNAs [31, 32], such as miR2118 and miR2275 that required for biogenesis of phasiRNAs. [score:1]
Recently, rice Argonaute MEL1 selectively binds 21-nt phasiRNAs generated by miR2118, and the mel1 mutants have abnormal cytoplasm and aberrant PMCs that halt in early meiosis, suggesting that MEL1-phasiRNAs play important role in male fertility [31, 50]. [score:1]
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6
[+] score: 22
In rice, expression of miR2118, lincRNAs and MEL1 coincides with premeiotic stages when germ cells differentiate, while this expression is very low in other stages. [score:5]
A recent study using miR1507, miR2109 and miR2118 over expression lines and miRNA-targets, NB-LRRs, pairing analysis by validating the miRNA-precursor interaction, showed that miRNA levels limit the abundance of phasiRNAs (Fei et al. 2015). [score:5]
Interestingly, miR418/miR2118 super-families in gymnosperms target both NB-LRR RNAs and reproductive non-coding RNAs, resulting in production of phasiRNAs derived from both NB-LRR RNAs and reproductive non-coding RNAs (Xia et al. 2015), (Fig.   1). [score:3]
These results suggest that miR2118/lincRNAs/MEL1 regulates reproductive-specificities of 21-nt phasiRNA biogenesis, although functions of 21- and 24-nt phasiRNAs during premeiotic and meiotic stages in monocot reproduction are not well understood. [score:2]
In Medicago truncatula (Fabaceae), the 22-nt miR1507, miR2109, and miR2118 act as triggers to initiate generation of 21- and 22-nt phasiRNAs from mRNAs that encode nucleotide binding and leucine-rich repeat (NB-LRR) pathogen-defense genes and these 22-nt miRNAs are conserved in other legumes and nonlegumes, members of the family Solanaceae (Fei et al. 2015; Zhai et al. 2011). [score:1]
The phasiRNA pathway, involving miR482/miR2118-triggered coding -RNAs (NB-LRRs), is also conserved in dicots. [score:1]
The precursor lincRNAs include 22-nt miR2118 recognition motifs, and the 24-nt phasiRNAs precursors also contain 22-nt miR2275 recognition motifs, where miR2118/miR2275 cleaves the precursor RNA to trigger the biogenesis of 21-nt/24-nt phasiRNAs. [score:1]
These results suggest that dual miR482/miR2118-triggered phasiRNA biogenesis in gymnosperms emerged more than 300 million years ago, and that the pathways utilizing reproductive non-coding RNAs in monocots and the NB-LRR family-phasiRNA pathway in dicots may have been retained after the angiosperm lineage diverged (Fig.   1). [score:1]
In gymnosperms, there are miR482/miR2118-triggered phasiRNAs derived from both coding -RNAs (NB-LRRs, etc. ) [score:1]
LincRNAs (21-nt PHAS) and 21-nt phasiRNAs accumulate in pollen sacs, and miR2118 localizes in epidermis of premeiotic anthers in maize and African rice. [score:1]
In contrast, miR482/miR2118-triggered phasiRNAs generated from reproductive lincRNAs are conserved in monocots Numerous phasiRNAs are produced specifically during reproductive stages in the family Poaceae (International Brachypodium Initiative 2010; Johnson et al. 2009; Komiya et al. 2014; Song et al. 2012a, b; Ta et al. 2016; Zhai et al. 2015; Zheng et al. 2015). [score:1]
[1 to 20 of 11 sentences]
7
[+] score: 17
Other miRNAs from this paper: ath-MIR159a, ath-MIR162a, ath-MIR162b, ath-MIR166a, ath-MIR166b, ath-MIR166c, ath-MIR166d, ath-MIR166e, ath-MIR166f, ath-MIR166g, ath-MIR169a, ath-MIR171a, ath-MIR159b, ath-MIR319a, ath-MIR319b, osa-MIR162a, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR171a, ath-MIR169b, ath-MIR169c, ath-MIR169d, ath-MIR169e, ath-MIR169f, ath-MIR169g, ath-MIR169h, ath-MIR169i, ath-MIR169j, ath-MIR169k, ath-MIR169l, ath-MIR169m, ath-MIR169n, ath-MIR171b, ath-MIR171c, ath-MIR390a, ath-MIR390b, ath-MIR396a, ath-MIR396b, ath-MIR398a, ath-MIR398b, ath-MIR398c, ath-MIR399a, ath-MIR399b, ath-MIR399c, ath-MIR399d, ath-MIR399e, ath-MIR399f, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR398a, osa-MIR398b, osa-MIR399a, osa-MIR399b, osa-MIR399c, osa-MIR399d, osa-MIR399e, osa-MIR399f, osa-MIR399g, osa-MIR399h, osa-MIR399i, osa-MIR399j, osa-MIR399k, ath-MIR408, ath-MIR159c, ath-MIR319c, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR319a, osa-MIR319b, osa-MIR162b, osa-MIR166k, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR171b, osa-MIR171c, osa-MIR171d, osa-MIR171e, osa-MIR171f, osa-MIR171g, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR171h, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR171i, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, ath-MIR414, osa-MIR414, osa-MIR390, osa-MIR396e, ptc-MIR156k, ptc-MIR159a, ptc-MIR159b, ptc-MIR159d, ptc-MIR159e, ptc-MIR159c, ptc-MIR162a, ptc-MIR162b, ptc-MIR166a, ptc-MIR166b, ptc-MIR166c, ptc-MIR166d, ptc-MIR166e, ptc-MIR166f, ptc-MIR166g, ptc-MIR166h, ptc-MIR166i, ptc-MIR166j, ptc-MIR166k, ptc-MIR166l, ptc-MIR166m, ptc-MIR166n, ptc-MIR166o, ptc-MIR166p, ptc-MIR166q, ptc-MIR169a, ptc-MIR169aa, ptc-MIR169ab, ptc-MIR169ac, ptc-MIR169ad, ptc-MIR169ae, ptc-MIR169af, ptc-MIR169b, ptc-MIR169c, ptc-MIR169d, ptc-MIR169e, ptc-MIR169f, ptc-MIR169g, ptc-MIR169h, ptc-MIR169i, ptc-MIR169j, ptc-MIR169k, ptc-MIR169l, ptc-MIR169m, ptc-MIR169n, ptc-MIR169o, ptc-MIR169p, ptc-MIR169q, ptc-MIR169r, ptc-MIR169s, ptc-MIR169t, ptc-MIR169u, ptc-MIR169v, ptc-MIR169w, ptc-MIR169x, ptc-MIR169y, ptc-MIR169z, ptc-MIR171a, ptc-MIR171b, ptc-MIR171c, ptc-MIR171d, ptc-MIR171e, ptc-MIR171f, ptc-MIR171g, ptc-MIR171h, ptc-MIR171i, ptc-MIR319a, ptc-MIR319b, ptc-MIR319c, ptc-MIR319d, ptc-MIR319e, ptc-MIR319f, ptc-MIR319g, ptc-MIR319h, ptc-MIR319i, ptc-MIR390a, ptc-MIR390b, ptc-MIR390c, ptc-MIR390d, ptc-MIR396a, ptc-MIR396b, ptc-MIR396c, ptc-MIR396d, ptc-MIR396e, ptc-MIR396f, ptc-MIR396g, ptc-MIR398a, ptc-MIR398b, ptc-MIR398c, ptc-MIR399a, ptc-MIR399b, ptc-MIR399d, ptc-MIR399f, ptc-MIR399g, ptc-MIR399h, ptc-MIR399i, ptc-MIR399j, ptc-MIR399c, ptc-MIR399e, ptc-MIR408, ptc-MIR482a, ptc-MIR171k, osa-MIR169r, ptc-MIR171l, ptc-MIR171m, ptc-MIR171j, ptc-MIR1448, osa-MIR396f, osa-MIR2118a, osa-MIR2118b, osa-MIR2118c, osa-MIR2118d, osa-MIR2118e, osa-MIR2118f, osa-MIR2118g, osa-MIR2118h, osa-MIR2118i, osa-MIR2118j, osa-MIR2118k, osa-MIR2118l, osa-MIR2118m, osa-MIR2118n, osa-MIR2118p, osa-MIR2118q, osa-MIR2118r, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, ptc-MIR482d, ptc-MIR169ag, ptc-MIR482b, ptc-MIR482c, pde-MIR159, pde-MIR162, pde-MIR166a, pde-MIR166b, pde-MIR169, pde-MIR171, pde-MIR390, pde-MIR396, pde-MIR482a, pde-MIR482b, pde-MIR482c, pde-MIR482d, pde-MIR946, pde-MIR947, pde-MIR949a, pde-MIR950, pde-MIR951, pde-MIR952a, pde-MIR952b, pde-MIR952c, pde-MIR1311, pde-MIR1312, pde-MIR1313, pde-MIR1314, pde-MIR3701, pde-MIR3704a, pde-MIR3704b, pde-MIR3712
The CC-NBS-LRR resistance-like protein and disease resistance protein targeted by pde-MIR2118 family miRNAs appeared to be involved in defense response. [score:5]
The number of conserved targets of each miRNA family varied from 1 to 3. Pde-MIR2118 family had three conserved targets. [score:5]
It includes DCL1 targeted by pde-miR162, GRAS family transcription factor cleaved by pde-miR171, Class III HD-Zip protein HDZ33 regulated by pde-miR166 and CC-NBS-LRR resistance-like protein sliced by pde-miR2118. [score:4]
Non-transcriptional factor proteins, such as DCL1 and CC-NBS-LRR resistance-like protein, were predicted to be targets of pde-MIR162 and pde-MIR2118, respectively [52]. [score:3]
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8
[+] score: 15
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR162a, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR171a, osa-MIR393a, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR398a, osa-MIR398b, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR162b, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166k, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR171b, osa-MIR171c, osa-MIR171d, osa-MIR171e, osa-MIR171f, osa-MIR171g, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR171h, osa-MIR393b, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR171i, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, osa-MIR390, osa-MIR535, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR2118a, osa-MIR2118b, osa-MIR2118c, osa-MIR2118d, osa-MIR2118e, osa-MIR2118f, osa-MIR2118g, osa-MIR2118h, osa-MIR2118i, osa-MIR2118j, osa-MIR2118k, osa-MIR2118l, osa-MIR2118m, osa-MIR2118n, osa-MIR2118p, osa-MIR2118q, osa-MIR2118r, ppe-MIR482a, ppe-MIR482b, ppe-MIR171f, ppe-MIR482c, ppe-MIR171h, ppe-MIR171a, ppe-MIR171e, ppe-MIR169e, ppe-MIR398a, ppe-MIR171g, ppe-MIR171b, ppe-MIR482d, ppe-MIR482e, ppe-MIR171c, ppe-MIR398b, ppe-MIR156a, ppe-MIR156b, ppe-MIR156c, ppe-MIR156d, ppe-MIR156e, ppe-MIR156f, ppe-MIR156g, ppe-MIR156h, ppe-MIR156i, ppe-MIR160a, ppe-MIR160b, ppe-MIR162, ppe-MIR164a, ppe-MIR164b, ppe-MIR164c, ppe-MIR164d, ppe-MIR166a, ppe-MIR166b, ppe-MIR166c, ppe-MIR166d, ppe-MIR166e, ppe-MIR167a, ppe-MIR167b, ppe-MIR167c, ppe-MIR167d, ppe-MIR168, ppe-MIR169a, ppe-MIR169b, ppe-MIR169c, ppe-MIR169d, ppe-MIR169f, ppe-MIR169g, ppe-MIR169h, ppe-MIR169i, ppe-MIR169j, ppe-MIR169k, ppe-MIR169l, ppe-MIR171d, ppe-MIR172a, ppe-MIR172b, ppe-MIR172c, ppe-MIR172d, ppe-MIR390, ppe-MIR393a, ppe-MIR393b, ppe-MIR396a, ppe-MIR396b, ppe-MIR482f, ppe-MIR535a, ppe-MIR535b
The expression levels of miR171, miR168, miR408a, miR398 and miR408b were significantly upregulated in mesocarp in NAA -treated samples compared to the control fruits, whereas those of miR156, miR160, miR166, miR167, miR390, miR393, miR482, miR535 and miR2118 were downregulated following NAA treatment. [score:8]
The results of real-time PCR experiments revealed the increased expression levels of miR171, miR168, miR408a, miR398 and miR408b, as well as the reduced expression levels of miR166, miR167, miR160, miR156, miR2118, miR535, miR390, miR482 and miR393 in the peach fruit after NAA treatment, respectively, suggesting the functional divergence of microRNAs in the regulation of fruit development. [score:7]
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9
[+] score: 11
In contrast to miR2118, in wild-type spikelets, miR2275 was not expressed in stage 3, and then increased in stage 5 (~85 RP5M) and stage 7 (~240 RP5M) (Fig. 3B); miR2275, as mentioned above, is essentially absent in both msp1 and ostdl1a mutants, at all stages. [score:3]
Data have suggested that these 21- and 24-nt reproductive phasiRNAs, triggered by miR2118 and miR2275, respectively, may play crucial roles in microgametogenesis in maize, because the accumulation of phasiRNAs shows highly stage-specific patterns in maize anther development (Zhai et al., 2015). [score:2]
Fig. 3. miR2118, miR2275, and phasiRNA abundances in rice spikelets. [score:1]
We checked the abundance levels of both miRNAs in different stages and backgrounds; miR2118 abundance peaked at stage 5 in wild-type spikelet libraries, reaching 320 reads per 5 million reads (RP5M), and then dropped to 130 RP5M at stage 7 (Fig. 3A). [score:1]
These results showed that OsAGO1d accumulates highly in the distal epidermis and primary parietal cells of the anther lobe at stage 3. This OsAGO1d pattern is reminiscent of miR2118, which accumulates in the distal cells of the epidermis in maize anthers (Zhai et al., 2015). [score:1]
More specifically, miR2118 and miR2275 are triggers of 21-nt and 24-nt reproductive phasiRNAs, respectively, in both rice and maize (Song et al., 2012; Zhai et al., 2015). [score:1]
Levels of miR2118 (A), miR2275 (B), miR2118-triggered 21-nt phasiRNAs (C), and miR2275-triggered 24-nt phasiRNAs (D) in different stages and backgrounds of rice spikelets. [score:1]
Similar abundances were observed in msp1 and ostdl1a mutants, indicating that miR2118 is not impacted in both mutants, possibly explained by miR2118 accumulation in the epidermis of anthers (Zhai et al., 2015), a cell layer apparently not defective in the msp1 and ostdl1a mutants or in the mac1 maize mutant. [score:1]
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10
[+] score: 10
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR397b, osa-MIR399a, osa-MIR399b, osa-MIR399c, osa-MIR399d, osa-MIR399e, osa-MIR399f, osa-MIR399g, osa-MIR399h, osa-MIR399i, osa-MIR399j, osa-MIR399k, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR319b, osa-MIR166k, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR171d, osa-MIR171f, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR396e, osa-MIR444a, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, osa-MIR820c, osa-MIR444b, osa-MIR444c, osa-MIR444d, osa-MIR444e, osa-MIR444f, osa-MIR1441, osa-MIR1846b, osa-MIR1882e, osa-MIR1883b, osa-MIR1846e, osa-MIR396f, osa-MIR2120, osa-MIR2118a, osa-MIR2118b, osa-MIR2118c, osa-MIR2118d, osa-MIR2118e, osa-MIR2118f, osa-MIR2118g, osa-MIR2118h, osa-MIR2118i, osa-MIR2118j, osa-MIR2118k, osa-MIR2118l, osa-MIR2118m, osa-MIR2118n, osa-MIR2118p, osa-MIR2118q, osa-MIR2118r, osa-MIR2879, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y, osa-MIR5158, osa-MIR5143b, osa-MIR5835, osa-MIR7693, osa-MIR7695
The miR482 and miR2118 were assigned into miR482/2118 superfamily and target the coding sequence for the P-loop motif in disease resistance genes possessing nucleotide binding site (NBS) and leucine-rich repeat (LRR) motifs in various species [52, 53]. [score:5]
It is well known that members in miR2118 family target NBS-LRR containing gene families in many plant species. [score:3]
Although there is no report on function pathway of osa-MIR2118 in rice, some miRNAs might play a conserved role in NB-LRR/LRR mediated gene regulation and pathogen resistance [21]. [score:2]
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[+] score: 4
Other miRNAs from this paper: ath-MIR156a, ath-MIR156b, ath-MIR156c, ath-MIR156d, ath-MIR156e, ath-MIR156f, ath-MIR159a, ath-MIR160a, ath-MIR160b, ath-MIR160c, ath-MIR162a, ath-MIR162b, ath-MIR164a, ath-MIR164b, ath-MIR166a, ath-MIR166b, ath-MIR166c, ath-MIR166d, ath-MIR166e, ath-MIR166f, ath-MIR166g, ath-MIR167a, ath-MIR167b, ath-MIR169a, ath-MIR171a, ath-MIR172a, ath-MIR172b, ath-MIR159b, osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR162a, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR171a, ath-MIR167d, ath-MIR169b, ath-MIR169c, ath-MIR169d, ath-MIR169e, ath-MIR169f, ath-MIR169g, ath-MIR169h, ath-MIR169i, ath-MIR169j, ath-MIR169k, ath-MIR169l, ath-MIR169m, ath-MIR169n, ath-MIR171b, ath-MIR171c, ath-MIR172c, ath-MIR172d, ath-MIR393a, ath-MIR393b, ath-MIR394a, ath-MIR394b, ath-MIR395a, ath-MIR395b, ath-MIR395c, ath-MIR395d, ath-MIR395e, ath-MIR395f, osa-MIR393a, osa-MIR394, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, ath-MIR156g, ath-MIR156h, ath-MIR159c, ath-MIR164c, ath-MIR167c, ath-MIR172e, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR162b, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166k, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR171b, osa-MIR171c, osa-MIR171d, osa-MIR171e, osa-MIR171f, osa-MIR171g, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR171h, osa-MIR393b, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR171i, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, zma-MIR156d, zma-MIR156f, zma-MIR156g, zma-MIR156b, zma-MIR156c, zma-MIR156e, zma-MIR156a, zma-MIR156h, zma-MIR156i, zma-MIR160a, zma-MIR160c, zma-MIR160d, zma-MIR160b, zma-MIR164a, zma-MIR164d, zma-MIR164b, zma-MIR164c, zma-MIR169a, zma-MIR169b, zma-MIR167a, zma-MIR167b, zma-MIR167d, zma-MIR167c, zma-MIR160e, zma-MIR166a, zma-MIR162, zma-MIR166h, zma-MIR166e, zma-MIR166i, zma-MIR166f, zma-MIR166g, zma-MIR166b, zma-MIR166c, zma-MIR166d, zma-MIR171a, zma-MIR171b, zma-MIR172a, zma-MIR172d, zma-MIR172b, zma-MIR172c, zma-MIR171d, zma-MIR171f, zma-MIR394a, zma-MIR394b, zma-MIR395b, zma-MIR395c, zma-MIR395a, zma-MIR156j, zma-MIR159a, zma-MIR159b, zma-MIR159c, zma-MIR159d, zma-MIR166k, zma-MIR166j, zma-MIR167e, zma-MIR167f, zma-MIR167g, zma-MIR167h, zma-MIR167i, zma-MIR169c, zma-MIR169f, zma-MIR169g, zma-MIR169h, zma-MIR169i, zma-MIR169k, zma-MIR169j, zma-MIR169d, zma-MIR169e, zma-MIR171c, zma-MIR171j, zma-MIR171e, zma-MIR171i, zma-MIR171g, zma-MIR172e, zma-MIR166l, zma-MIR166m, zma-MIR171k, zma-MIR171h, zma-MIR393a, zma-MIR156k, zma-MIR160f, osa-MIR528, osa-MIR529a, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, ath-MIR827, osa-MIR529b, osa-MIR1432, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR827, osa-MIR2118a, osa-MIR2118b, osa-MIR2118c, osa-MIR2118d, osa-MIR2118e, osa-MIR2118f, osa-MIR2118g, osa-MIR2118h, osa-MIR2118i, osa-MIR2118j, osa-MIR2118k, osa-MIR2118l, osa-MIR2118m, osa-MIR2118n, osa-MIR2118p, osa-MIR2118q, osa-MIR2118r, osa-MIR2275a, osa-MIR2275b, zma-MIR2118a, zma-MIR2118b, zma-MIR2118c, zma-MIR2118d, zma-MIR2118e, zma-MIR2118f, zma-MIR2118g, zma-MIR2275a, zma-MIR2275b, zma-MIR2275c, zma-MIR2275d, zma-MIR156l, zma-MIR159e, zma-MIR159f, zma-MIR159g, zma-MIR159h, zma-MIR159i, zma-MIR159j, zma-MIR159k, zma-MIR160g, zma-MIR164e, zma-MIR164f, zma-MIR164g, zma-MIR164h, zma-MIR166n, zma-MIR167j, zma-MIR169l, zma-MIR169m, zma-MIR169n, zma-MIR169o, zma-MIR169p, zma-MIR169q, zma-MIR169r, zma-MIR171l, zma-MIR171m, zma-MIR171n, zma-MIR393b, zma-MIR393c, zma-MIR395d, zma-MIR395e, zma-MIR395f, zma-MIR395g, zma-MIR395h, zma-MIR395i, zma-MIR395j, zma-MIR395k, zma-MIR395l, zma-MIR395m, zma-MIR395n, zma-MIR395o, zma-MIR395p, zma-MIR482, zma-MIR528a, zma-MIR528b, zma-MIR529, zma-MIR827, zma-MIR1432, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y, osa-MIR2275c, osa-MIR2275d, ath-MIR156i, ath-MIR156j
Four known miRNA families, miR395, miR482, miR2118 and miR2275 were not successfully detected in our datasets suggesting that miRNAs expression maybe developmental and/or tissue-specific. [score:4]
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[+] score: 4
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR162a, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR393a, osa-MIR394, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR162b, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166k, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR393b, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, osa-MIR396e, gma-MIR156d, gma-MIR156e, gma-MIR156c, gma-MIR159a, gma-MIR166a, gma-MIR166b, gma-MIR167a, gma-MIR167b, gma-MIR168a, gma-MIR172a, gma-MIR172b, gma-MIR156a, gma-MIR396a, gma-MIR396b, gma-MIR156b, gma-MIR169a, osa-MIR169r, gma-MIR159b, gma-MIR159c, gma-MIR162a, gma-MIR164a, gma-MIR167c, gma-MIR169b, gma-MIR169c, gma-MIR393a, gma-MIR482a, osa-MIR396f, gma-MIR167d, gma-MIR396c, gma-MIR167e, gma-MIR167f, gma-MIR172c, gma-MIR172d, gma-MIR172e, osa-MIR2118a, osa-MIR2118b, osa-MIR2118c, osa-MIR2118d, osa-MIR2118e, osa-MIR2118f, osa-MIR2118g, osa-MIR2118h, osa-MIR2118i, osa-MIR2118j, osa-MIR2118k, osa-MIR2118l, osa-MIR2118m, osa-MIR2118n, osa-MIR2118p, osa-MIR2118q, osa-MIR2118r, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, ahy-MIR156a, ahy-MIR156b, ahy-MIR156c, ahy-MIR159, ahy-MIR167, ahy-MIR394, gma-MIR396d, gma-MIR482b, gma-MIR167g, gma-MIR156f, gma-MIR169d, gma-MIR172f, gma-MIR169e, gma-MIR394b, gma-MIR156g, gma-MIR159d, gma-MIR394a, gma-MIR396e, gma-MIR156h, gma-MIR156i, gma-MIR162b, gma-MIR164b, gma-MIR164c, gma-MIR164d, gma-MIR166c, gma-MIR166d, gma-MIR166e, gma-MIR166f, gma-MIR166g, gma-MIR166h, gma-MIR169f, gma-MIR169g, gma-MIR394c, gma-MIR2118a, gma-MIR2118b, gma-MIR482c, gma-MIR169h, gma-MIR167h, gma-MIR169i, gma-MIR396f, gma-MIR396g, gma-MIR167i, gma-MIR156j, gma-MIR156k, gma-MIR156l, gma-MIR156m, gma-MIR156n, gma-MIR156o, gma-MIR159e, gma-MIR159f, gma-MIR162c, gma-MIR166i, gma-MIR166j, gma-MIR169j, gma-MIR169k, gma-MIR169l, gma-MIR169m, gma-MIR169n, gma-MIR172g, gma-MIR172h, gma-MIR172i, gma-MIR172j, gma-MIR396h, gma-MIR396i, gma-MIR482d, gma-MIR167j, gma-MIR393b, gma-MIR156p, gma-MIR172k, gma-MIR156q, gma-MIR172l, gma-MIR169o, gma-MIR394d, gma-MIR169p, gma-MIR156r, gma-MIR396j, gma-MIR156s, gma-MIR169r, gma-MIR169s, gma-MIR396k, gma-MIR166k, gma-MIR156t, gma-MIR482e, gma-MIR394e, gma-MIR169t, gma-MIR166l, gma-MIR394f, gma-MIR166m, gma-MIR169u, gma-MIR156u, gma-MIR156v, gma-MIR156w, gma-MIR156x, gma-MIR156y, gma-MIR156z, gma-MIR156aa, gma-MIR156ab, gma-MIR164e, gma-MIR164f, gma-MIR164g, gma-MIR164h, gma-MIR164i, gma-MIR164j, gma-MIR164k, gma-MIR166n, gma-MIR166o, gma-MIR166p, gma-MIR166q, gma-MIR166r, gma-MIR166s, gma-MIR166t, gma-MIR166u, gma-MIR169v, gma-MIR393c, gma-MIR393d, gma-MIR393e, gma-MIR393f, gma-MIR393g, gma-MIR393h, gma-MIR393i, gma-MIR393j, gma-MIR393k, gma-MIR394g, gma-MIR167k, gma-MIR167l, gma-MIR169w
Interestingly, the expression of miR2118 has previously been shown to be induced in Phaseolus vugaris by abiotic stress, especially drought and ABA treatment [51]. [score:3]
In addition to miRS1 and miR2118, we also found the third small RNA with 137 reads in our dataset that had only one mismatch with Phaseolus vugaris miR159.2. [score:1]
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[+] score: 4
A miRNA superfamily comprising miR482 and miR2118 that target NBS-LRR genes was described in tomato (Shivaprasad et al. 2012). [score:3]
This is the case of miR482/miR2118 and miR6019/miR6020, among others (Fig.   1, and discussed below). [score:1]
[1 to 20 of 2 sentences]
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[+] score: 3
The tissue-specific expression patterns were presented for the conserved miRNAs, miR160, miR167, miR169, miR319, miR390 and miR396, and the less-conserved miRNAs, miR828, miR858 and miR2118 (Figure 2b). [score:3]
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[+] score: 3
In potato, three highly abundant miRNA families, miR1507, miR2109 and miR2118, target the conserved sequences in the transcripts of NB-LRRs, and trigger the production of trans-acting siRNAs, most of which are matched to over 60% of the NB-LRR-encoding genes in potato (Zhai et al., 2011). [score:3]
[1 to 20 of 1 sentences]
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[+] score: 3
Two new miRNA families (miR2118, miR2775) conserved in monocots (and Phaseolus for miR2118 [126]) were recently discovered by analysis of rice phased siRNAs produced from TASi-like target ncRNAs [127]. [score:3]
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[+] score: 3
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR162a, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR171a, osa-MIR393a, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR397a, osa-MIR398a, osa-MIR398b, osa-MIR399a, osa-MIR399b, osa-MIR399c, osa-MIR399d, osa-MIR399e, osa-MIR399f, osa-MIR399g, osa-MIR399h, osa-MIR399i, osa-MIR399j, osa-MIR399k, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR319a, osa-MIR319b, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR162b, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166k, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR171b, osa-MIR171c, osa-MIR171d, osa-MIR171e, osa-MIR171f, osa-MIR171g, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR171h, osa-MIR393b, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR171i, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, osa-MIR390, osa-MIR396e, gma-MIR156d, gma-MIR156e, gma-MIR156c, gma-MIR159a, gma-MIR160a, gma-MIR166a, gma-MIR166b, gma-MIR167a, gma-MIR167b, gma-MIR168a, gma-MIR172a, gma-MIR172b, gma-MIR319a, gma-MIR319b, gma-MIR156a, gma-MIR396a, gma-MIR396b, gma-MIR398a, gma-MIR398b, gma-MIR319c, gma-MIR156b, gma-MIR169a, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, osa-MIR169r, gma-MIR159b, gma-MIR159c, gma-MIR162a, gma-MIR164a, gma-MIR167c, gma-MIR169b, gma-MIR169c, gma-MIR171a, gma-MIR390a, gma-MIR390b, gma-MIR393a, gma-MIR171b, gma-MIR482a, gma-MIR1507a, gma-MIR1508a, gma-MIR1509a, gma-MIR1510a, gma-MIR1511, gma-MIR1512a, gma-MIR1515a, osa-MIR827, osa-MIR396f, gma-MIR167d, gma-MIR396c, gma-MIR1507b, gma-MIR1510b, gma-MIR2109, gma-MIR167e, gma-MIR167f, gma-MIR172c, gma-MIR172d, gma-MIR172e, gma-MIR1509b, osa-MIR2118a, osa-MIR2118b, osa-MIR2118c, osa-MIR2118d, osa-MIR2118e, osa-MIR2118f, osa-MIR2118g, osa-MIR2118h, osa-MIR2118i, osa-MIR2118j, osa-MIR2118k, osa-MIR2118l, osa-MIR2118m, osa-MIR2118n, osa-MIR2118p, osa-MIR2118q, osa-MIR2118r, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y, gma-MIR396d, gma-MIR482b, gma-MIR167g, gma-MIR156f, gma-MIR169d, gma-MIR172f, gma-MIR171c, gma-MIR169e, gma-MIR156g, gma-MIR159d, gma-MIR4416a, gma-MIR396e, gma-MIR156h, gma-MIR156i, gma-MIR160b, gma-MIR160c, gma-MIR160d, gma-MIR160e, gma-MIR162b, gma-MIR164b, gma-MIR164c, gma-MIR164d, gma-MIR166c, gma-MIR166d, gma-MIR166e, gma-MIR166f, gma-MIR166g, gma-MIR166h, gma-MIR168b, gma-MIR169f, gma-MIR169g, gma-MIR171d, gma-MIR171e, gma-MIR171f, gma-MIR171g, gma-MIR319d, gma-MIR319e, gma-MIR319f, gma-MIR390c, gma-MIR398c, gma-MIR408d, gma-MIR2118a, gma-MIR2118b, gma-MIR482c, gma-MIR1507c, gma-MIR171h, gma-MIR171i, gma-MIR169h, gma-MIR167h, gma-MIR169i, gma-MIR396f, gma-MIR396g, gma-MIR167i, gma-MIR171j, gma-MIR395a, gma-MIR395b, gma-MIR395c, gma-MIR397a, gma-MIR408a, gma-MIR408b, gma-MIR408c, gma-MIR156j, gma-MIR156k, gma-MIR156l, gma-MIR156m, gma-MIR156n, gma-MIR156o, gma-MIR159e, gma-MIR159f, gma-MIR162c, gma-MIR166i, gma-MIR166j, gma-MIR169j, gma-MIR169k, gma-MIR169l, gma-MIR169m, gma-MIR169n, gma-MIR171k, gma-MIR172g, gma-MIR172h, gma-MIR172i, gma-MIR172j, gma-MIR319g, gma-MIR319h, gma-MIR319i, gma-MIR319j, gma-MIR319k, gma-MIR319l, gma-MIR319m, gma-MIR396h, gma-MIR396i, gma-MIR482d, gma-MIR1512b, gma-MIR167j, gma-MIR171l, gma-MIR2111a, gma-MIR1512c, gma-MIR393b, gma-MIR399a, gma-MIR156p, gma-MIR171m, gma-MIR172k, gma-MIR171n, gma-MIR156q, gma-MIR171o, gma-MIR172l, gma-MIR169o, gma-MIR319n, gma-MIR171p, gma-MIR169p, gma-MIR156r, gma-MIR399b, gma-MIR396j, gma-MIR171q, gma-MIR156s, gma-MIR169r, gma-MIR169s, gma-MIR396k, gma-MIR2111b, gma-MIR2111c, gma-MIR166k, gma-MIR2111d, gma-MIR156t, gma-MIR482e, gma-MIR399c, gma-MIR171r, gma-MIR399d, gma-MIR399e, gma-MIR169t, gma-MIR171s, gma-MIR166l, gma-MIR171t, gma-MIR2111e, gma-MIR2111f, gma-MIR171u, gma-MIR399f, gma-MIR399g, gma-MIR395d, gma-MIR395e, gma-MIR395f, gma-MIR395g, gma-MIR166m, gma-MIR169u, gma-MIR399h, gma-MIR156u, gma-MIR156v, gma-MIR156w, gma-MIR156x, gma-MIR156y, gma-MIR156z, gma-MIR156aa, gma-MIR156ab, gma-MIR160f, gma-MIR164e, gma-MIR164f, gma-MIR164g, gma-MIR164h, gma-MIR164i, gma-MIR164j, gma-MIR164k, gma-MIR166n, gma-MIR166o, gma-MIR166p, gma-MIR166q, gma-MIR166r, gma-MIR166s, gma-MIR166t, gma-MIR166u, gma-MIR169v, gma-MIR390d, gma-MIR390e, gma-MIR390f, gma-MIR390g, gma-MIR393c, gma-MIR393d, gma-MIR393e, gma-MIR393f, gma-MIR393g, gma-MIR393h, gma-MIR393i, gma-MIR393j, gma-MIR393k, gma-MIR395h, gma-MIR395i, gma-MIR395j, gma-MIR395k, gma-MIR395l, gma-MIR395m, gma-MIR1515b, gma-MIR398d, gma-MIR319o, gma-MIR319p, gma-MIR399i, gma-MIR167k, gma-MIR319q, gma-MIR167l, gma-MIR399j, gma-MIR399k, gma-MIR169w, gma-MIR399l, gma-MIR399m, gma-MIR399n, gma-MIR399o
Others appeared to be constitutively expressed in leaves and roots, including, for example, members of the conserved miR160, miR164, and miR2118 families (Table 3). [score:3]
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Conversely, 14 miRNAs, i. e. miR5799, miR529b, miR399i, miR2863a, miR2118o, miR2118e, miR1874-5p, miR1874-3p, miR1846d-3p, miR1428f-5p, miR1428e-5p, miR1428d, miR1428c and miR1428b, were significantly down-regulated compared with the non-transgenic CK. [score:3]
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Komiya et al. [12] have previously reported that most MEL1 -associated phasiRNAs are derived from lincRNAs that are specifically expressed in meiotic anthers and that contain miR2118 cleavage sites. [score:3]
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Other miRNAs from this paper: ath-MIR156a, ath-MIR156b, ath-MIR156c, ath-MIR156d, ath-MIR156e, ath-MIR156f, ath-MIR159a, ath-MIR169a, ath-MIR159b, osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR169a, ath-MIR169b, ath-MIR169c, ath-MIR169d, ath-MIR169e, ath-MIR169f, ath-MIR169g, ath-MIR169h, ath-MIR169i, ath-MIR169j, ath-MIR169k, ath-MIR169l, ath-MIR169m, ath-MIR169n, ath-MIR391, ath-MIR156g, ath-MIR156h, ath-MIR159c, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, gma-MIR156d, gma-MIR156e, gma-MIR156c, gma-MIR159a, gma-MIR156a, gma-MIR156b, gma-MIR169a, osa-MIR535, ath-MIR781a, ath-MIR782, ath-MIR847, osa-MIR169r, gma-MIR159b, gma-MIR159c, gma-MIR169b, gma-MIR169c, osa-MIR1846d, osa-MIR1857, osa-MIR1846a, osa-MIR1846b, osa-MIR1846c, osa-MIR1846e, ath-MIR2112, osa-MIR2118a, osa-MIR2118b, osa-MIR2118c, osa-MIR2118d, osa-MIR2118e, osa-MIR2118f, osa-MIR2118g, osa-MIR2118h, osa-MIR2118i, osa-MIR2118j, osa-MIR2118k, osa-MIR2118l, osa-MIR2118m, osa-MIR2118n, osa-MIR2118p, osa-MIR2118q, osa-MIR2118r, gma-MIR391, gma-MIR156f, gma-MIR169d, gma-MIR169e, gma-MIR156g, gma-MIR159d, gma-MIR156h, gma-MIR156i, gma-MIR169f, gma-MIR169g, gma-MIR2118a, gma-MIR2118b, gma-MIR169h, gma-MIR169i, gma-MIR156j, gma-MIR156k, gma-MIR156l, gma-MIR156m, gma-MIR156n, gma-MIR156o, gma-MIR159e, gma-MIR159f, gma-MIR169j, gma-MIR169k, gma-MIR169l, gma-MIR169m, gma-MIR169n, ath-MIR781b, ath-MIR156i, ath-MIR156j, gma-MIR156p, gma-MIR156q, gma-MIR169o, gma-MIR169p, gma-MIR156r, gma-MIR156s, gma-MIR169r, gma-MIR169s, gma-MIR156t, gma-MIR169t, gma-MIR169u, gma-MIR156u, gma-MIR156v, gma-MIR156w, gma-MIR156x, gma-MIR156y, gma-MIR156z, gma-MIR156aa, gma-MIR156ab, gma-MIR169v, gma-MIR169w
Although only a few cleavage targets of the highly accumulated RC-miRNAs were detected, several RC-miRNAs were shown to possess great potential to guide DNA methylation in both Arabidopsis (RC_ath-miR2112, RC_ath-miR391, RC_ath-miR781, RC_ath-miR782, and RC_ath-miR847) and rice (RC_osa-miR156, RC_osa-miR159, RC_osa-miR169, RC_osa-miR1846, RC_osa-miR2118, and RC_osa-miR535) (Figure 4 and Table S6). [score:3]
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In addition to a motif group corresponding to rice miR2118 target sites which are associated with the production of secondary siRNAs from hundreds of rice loci in the IGR [31], 11 motif groups were recovered from the analyses of 11 Arabidopsis and rice degradome libraries (Table  1). [score:3]
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Other miRNAs from this paper: ath-MIR156a, ath-MIR156b, ath-MIR156c, ath-MIR156d, ath-MIR156e, ath-MIR156f, ath-MIR159a, ath-MIR160a, ath-MIR160b, ath-MIR160c, ath-MIR162a, ath-MIR162b, ath-MIR164a, ath-MIR164b, ath-MIR166a, ath-MIR166b, ath-MIR166c, ath-MIR166d, ath-MIR166e, ath-MIR166f, ath-MIR166g, ath-MIR167a, ath-MIR167b, ath-MIR168a, ath-MIR168b, ath-MIR169a, ath-MIR172a, ath-MIR172b, ath-MIR159b, osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR162a, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, ath-MIR167d, ath-MIR169b, ath-MIR169c, ath-MIR169d, ath-MIR169e, ath-MIR169f, ath-MIR169g, ath-MIR169h, ath-MIR169i, ath-MIR169j, ath-MIR169k, ath-MIR169l, ath-MIR169m, ath-MIR169n, ath-MIR172c, ath-MIR172d, ath-MIR395a, ath-MIR395b, ath-MIR395c, ath-MIR395d, ath-MIR395e, ath-MIR395f, ath-MIR396a, ath-MIR396b, ath-MIR399a, ath-MIR399b, ath-MIR399c, ath-MIR399d, ath-MIR399e, ath-MIR399f, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR399a, osa-MIR399b, osa-MIR399c, osa-MIR399d, osa-MIR399e, osa-MIR399f, osa-MIR399g, osa-MIR399h, osa-MIR399i, osa-MIR399j, osa-MIR399k, ath-MIR408, ath-MIR156g, ath-MIR156h, ath-MIR159c, ath-MIR164c, ath-MIR167c, ath-MIR172e, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR162b, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166k, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR171h, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, zma-MIR156d, zma-MIR156f, zma-MIR156g, zma-MIR156b, zma-MIR156c, zma-MIR156e, zma-MIR156a, zma-MIR156h, zma-MIR156i, zma-MIR160a, zma-MIR160c, zma-MIR160d, zma-MIR160b, zma-MIR164a, zma-MIR164d, zma-MIR164b, zma-MIR164c, zma-MIR169a, zma-MIR169b, zma-MIR167a, zma-MIR167b, zma-MIR167d, zma-MIR167c, zma-MIR160e, zma-MIR166a, zma-MIR162, zma-MIR166h, zma-MIR166e, zma-MIR166i, zma-MIR166f, zma-MIR166g, zma-MIR166b, zma-MIR166c, zma-MIR166d, zma-MIR172a, zma-MIR172d, zma-MIR172b, zma-MIR172c, osa-MIR396e, zma-MIR395b, zma-MIR395c, zma-MIR395a, zma-MIR396b, zma-MIR396a, zma-MIR399a, zma-MIR399c, zma-MIR399b, zma-MIR399d, zma-MIR399e, zma-MIR399f, zma-MIR156j, zma-MIR159a, zma-MIR159b, zma-MIR159c, zma-MIR159d, zma-MIR166k, zma-MIR166j, zma-MIR167e, zma-MIR167f, zma-MIR167g, zma-MIR167h, zma-MIR167i, zma-MIR168a, zma-MIR168b, zma-MIR169c, zma-MIR169f, zma-MIR169g, zma-MIR169h, zma-MIR169i, zma-MIR169k, zma-MIR169j, zma-MIR169d, zma-MIR169e, zma-MIR172e, zma-MIR166l, zma-MIR166m, zma-MIR171h, zma-MIR408a, zma-MIR156k, zma-MIR160f, osa-MIR529a, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, osa-MIR529b, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR396f, zma-MIR396c, zma-MIR396d, osa-MIR2118a, osa-MIR2118b, osa-MIR2118c, osa-MIR2118d, osa-MIR2118e, osa-MIR2118f, osa-MIR2118g, osa-MIR2118h, osa-MIR2118i, osa-MIR2118j, osa-MIR2118k, osa-MIR2118l, osa-MIR2118m, osa-MIR2118n, osa-MIR2118p, osa-MIR2118q, osa-MIR2118r, osa-MIR2275a, osa-MIR2275b, zma-MIR2118a, zma-MIR2118b, zma-MIR2118c, zma-MIR2118d, zma-MIR2118e, zma-MIR2118f, zma-MIR2118g, zma-MIR2275a, zma-MIR2275b, zma-MIR2275c, zma-MIR2275d, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, zma-MIR156l, zma-MIR159e, zma-MIR159f, zma-MIR159g, zma-MIR159h, zma-MIR159i, zma-MIR159j, zma-MIR159k, zma-MIR160g, zma-MIR164e, zma-MIR164f, zma-MIR164g, zma-MIR164h, zma-MIR166n, zma-MIR167j, zma-MIR169l, zma-MIR169m, zma-MIR169n, zma-MIR169o, zma-MIR169p, zma-MIR169q, zma-MIR169r, zma-MIR395d, zma-MIR395e, zma-MIR395f, zma-MIR395g, zma-MIR395h, zma-MIR395i, zma-MIR395j, zma-MIR395k, zma-MIR395l, zma-MIR395m, zma-MIR395n, zma-MIR395o, zma-MIR395p, zma-MIR396e, zma-MIR396f, zma-MIR396g, zma-MIR396h, zma-MIR399g, zma-MIR399h, zma-MIR399i, zma-MIR399j, zma-MIR408b, zma-MIR529, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y, osa-MIR2275c, osa-MIR2275d, ath-MIR156i, ath-MIR156j
Out of 26 non-conserved zma-miRNAs including 21 new miRNAs with four corresponding miRNA*, we identified targets for only seven miRNAs (miR2118, miR2775, miRs4, miRs9, miRs14, miRs15 and miRs17). [score:3]
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[+] score: 3
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR171a, osa-MIR393a, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR397a, osa-MIR397b, osa-MIR398a, osa-MIR398b, osa-MIR399a, osa-MIR399b, osa-MIR399c, osa-MIR399d, osa-MIR399e, osa-MIR399f, osa-MIR399g, osa-MIR399h, osa-MIR399i, osa-MIR399j, osa-MIR399k, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR166k, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR171b, osa-MIR171c, osa-MIR171d, osa-MIR171e, osa-MIR171f, osa-MIR171g, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR171h, osa-MIR393b, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR171i, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR396e, mtr-MIR166a, mtr-MIR169a, mtr-MIR399b, mtr-MIR399d, mtr-MIR393a, mtr-MIR399c, mtr-MIR399a, mtr-MIR399e, mtr-MIR156a, mtr-MIR171a, mtr-MIR156b, mtr-MIR167a, mtr-MIR166b, mtr-MIR169c, mtr-MIR169d, mtr-MIR169e, mtr-MIR171b, mtr-MIR166c, mtr-MIR166d, mtr-MIR169f, mtr-MIR156c, mtr-MIR156d, mtr-MIR399f, mtr-MIR399g, mtr-MIR399h, mtr-MIR399i, mtr-MIR399j, mtr-MIR399k, mtr-MIR166e, mtr-MIR156e, mtr-MIR171c, mtr-MIR398a, mtr-MIR172a, mtr-MIR393b, mtr-MIR398b, mtr-MIR168a, mtr-MIR169g, mtr-MIR156f, mtr-MIR399l, mtr-MIR156g, mtr-MIR399m, mtr-MIR399n, mtr-MIR399o, mtr-MIR398c, mtr-MIR156h, mtr-MIR166f, mtr-MIR166g, mtr-MIR171d, mtr-MIR171e, mtr-MIR396a, mtr-MIR396b, mtr-MIR169h, mtr-MIR169b, mtr-MIR156i, mtr-MIR171f, mtr-MIR399p, osa-MIR169r, sly-MIR166a, sly-MIR166b, sly-MIR167a, sly-MIR169a, sly-MIR169b, sly-MIR169c, sly-MIR169d, sly-MIR171a, sly-MIR171b, sly-MIR171c, sly-MIR171d, sly-MIR397, sly-MIR156a, sly-MIR156b, sly-MIR156c, sly-MIR172a, sly-MIR172b, sly-MIR399, osa-MIR827, osa-MIR396f, mtr-MIR2118, osa-MIR2118a, osa-MIR2118b, osa-MIR2118c, osa-MIR2118d, osa-MIR2118e, osa-MIR2118f, osa-MIR2118g, osa-MIR2118h, osa-MIR2118i, osa-MIR2118j, osa-MIR2118k, osa-MIR2118l, osa-MIR2118m, osa-MIR2118n, osa-MIR2118p, osa-MIR2118q, osa-MIR2118r, mtr-MIR169k, mtr-MIR169j, mtr-MIR399q, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, osa-MIR5072, mtr-MIR4414a, mtr-MIR4414b, mtr-MIR482, mtr-MIR172b, mtr-MIR172c, mtr-MIR171h, mtr-MIR168b, mtr-MIR399r, mtr-MIR156j, sly-MIR482e, sly-MIR482a, mtr-MIR167b, mtr-MIR168c, mtr-MIR408, mtr-MIR396c, mtr-MIR171g, stu-MIR6024, sly-MIR6024, stu-MIR482c, stu-MIR482b, stu-MIR482a, stu-MIR482d, stu-MIR482e, sly-MIR482b, sly-MIR482c, stu-MIR6025, stu-MIR6026, sly-MIR6026, sly-MIR168a, sly-MIR168b, mtr-MIR169i, mtr-MIR172d, mtr-MIR397, mtr-MIR169l, mtr-MIR399s, mtr-MIR399t, stu-MIR7980a, stu-MIR7983, stu-MIR8007a, stu-MIR8007b, stu-MIR7980b, stu-MIR399a, stu-MIR399b, stu-MIR399c, stu-MIR399d, stu-MIR399e, stu-MIR399f, stu-MIR399g, stu-MIR399h, stu-MIR3627, stu-MIR171b, stu-MIR166a, stu-MIR166b, stu-MIR166c, stu-MIR166d, stu-MIR171a, stu-MIR171c, stu-MIR399i, stu-MIR827, stu-MIR172b, stu-MIR172c, stu-MIR172a, stu-MIR172d, stu-MIR172e, stu-MIR156a, stu-MIR156b, stu-MIR156c, stu-MIR156d, stu-MIR171d, stu-MIR167c, stu-MIR167b, stu-MIR167a, stu-MIR167d, stu-MIR399j, stu-MIR399k, stu-MIR399l, stu-MIR399m, stu-MIR399n, stu-MIR399o, stu-MIR393, stu-MIR398a, stu-MIR398b, stu-MIR396, stu-MIR408a, stu-MIR408b, stu-MIR397, stu-MIR171e, stu-MIR156e, stu-MIR156f, stu-MIR156g, stu-MIR156h, stu-MIR156i, stu-MIR156j, stu-MIR156k, stu-MIR169a, stu-MIR169b, stu-MIR169c, stu-MIR169d, stu-MIR169e, stu-MIR169f, stu-MIR169g, stu-MIR169h, sly-MIR403, sly-MIR166c, sly-MIR156d, sly-MIR156e, sly-MIR396a, sly-MIR167b, sly-MIR482d, sly-MIR169e, sly-MIR396b, sly-MIR171e, sly-MIR172c, sly-MIR408, sly-MIR172d, sly-MIR827, sly-MIR393, sly-MIR398a, sly-MIR399b, sly-MIR6025, sly-MIR169f, sly-MIR171f
Several 22-nt miRNA families (miR157, miR2109, and miR2118) further triggered the digestion of PHAS loci into a series of sRNAs that target more than 60% NBS-LRR genes in M. truncatula genome (Zhai et al., 2011). [score:3]
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[+] score: 2
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR398a, osa-MIR398b, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166k, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, osa-MIR396e, gma-MIR156d, gma-MIR156e, gma-MIR156c, gma-MIR159a, gma-MIR160a, gma-MIR166a, gma-MIR166b, gma-MIR167a, gma-MIR167b, gma-MIR168a, gma-MIR172a, gma-MIR172b, gma-MIR156a, gma-MIR396a, gma-MIR396b, gma-MIR398a, gma-MIR398b, gma-MIR156b, gma-MIR169a, osa-MIR169r, gma-MIR159b, gma-MIR159c, gma-MIR164a, gma-MIR167c, gma-MIR169b, gma-MIR169c, gma-MIR1514a, gma-MIR1514b, gma-MIR1536, gma-MIR1530, osa-MIR396f, gma-MIR167d, gma-MIR396c, gma-MIR167e, gma-MIR167f, gma-MIR172c, gma-MIR172d, gma-MIR172e, osa-MIR2118a, osa-MIR2118b, osa-MIR2118c, osa-MIR2118d, osa-MIR2118e, osa-MIR2118f, osa-MIR2118g, osa-MIR2118h, osa-MIR2118i, osa-MIR2118j, osa-MIR2118k, osa-MIR2118l, osa-MIR2118m, osa-MIR2118n, osa-MIR2118p, osa-MIR2118q, osa-MIR2118r, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, gma-MIR396d, gma-MIR167g, gma-MIR156f, gma-MIR169d, gma-MIR172f, gma-MIR169e, gma-MIR156g, gma-MIR159d, gma-MIR396e, gma-MIR156h, gma-MIR156i, gma-MIR160b, gma-MIR160c, gma-MIR160d, gma-MIR160e, gma-MIR164b, gma-MIR164c, gma-MIR164d, gma-MIR166c, gma-MIR166d, gma-MIR166e, gma-MIR166f, gma-MIR166g, gma-MIR166h, gma-MIR168b, gma-MIR169f, gma-MIR169g, gma-MIR398c, gma-MIR2118a, gma-MIR2118b, gma-MIR169h, gma-MIR167h, gma-MIR169i, gma-MIR396f, gma-MIR396g, gma-MIR167i, gma-MIR156j, gma-MIR156k, gma-MIR156l, gma-MIR156m, gma-MIR156n, gma-MIR156o, gma-MIR159e, gma-MIR159f, gma-MIR166i, gma-MIR166j, gma-MIR169j, gma-MIR169k, gma-MIR169l, gma-MIR169m, gma-MIR169n, gma-MIR172g, gma-MIR172h, gma-MIR172i, gma-MIR172j, gma-MIR396h, gma-MIR396i, gma-MIR167j, gma-MIR156p, gma-MIR172k, gma-MIR156q, gma-MIR172l, gma-MIR169o, gma-MIR169p, gma-MIR156r, gma-MIR396j, gma-MIR156s, gma-MIR169r, gma-MIR169s, gma-MIR396k, gma-MIR166k, gma-MIR156t, gma-MIR169t, gma-MIR166l, gma-MIR166m, gma-MIR169u, gma-MIR156u, gma-MIR156v, gma-MIR156w, gma-MIR156x, gma-MIR156y, gma-MIR156z, gma-MIR156aa, gma-MIR156ab, gma-MIR160f, gma-MIR164e, gma-MIR164f, gma-MIR164g, gma-MIR164h, gma-MIR164i, gma-MIR164j, gma-MIR164k, gma-MIR166n, gma-MIR166o, gma-MIR166p, gma-MIR166q, gma-MIR166r, gma-MIR166s, gma-MIR166t, gma-MIR166u, gma-MIR169v, gma-MIR398d, gma-MIR167k, gma-MIR167l, gma-MIR169w
Gso-miR2118 has been validated in wild soybean by northern blot in previous research [24]. [score:1]
Soy_13 is the star strand of Soy_25, which belongs to the family of miR2118 [24]. [score:1]
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[+] score: 1
Sixteen miRNA families were shown to be putatively present on chromosome 5A: two of them (miR164 and miR167) were found only in the short arm, three families (miR156, miR399 and miR2118) were found only in the long arm, while the remaining eleven families were found in both arms (Table 3). [score:1]
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[+] score: 1
In rice, a single-stranded PHAS precursor RNA is primarily processed with 22-nt miRNA triggers; miR2118 for 21- PHASs and miR2275 for 24- PHASs [10]. [score:1]
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[+] score: 1
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR167a, osa-MIR167b, osa-MIR167c, osa-MIR171a, osa-MIR395b, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR395e, osa-MIR395g, osa-MIR395h, osa-MIR395i, osa-MIR395j, osa-MIR395k, osa-MIR395l, osa-MIR395s, osa-MIR395t, osa-MIR395c, osa-MIR395a, osa-MIR395f, osa-MIR395u, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166k, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR167d, osa-MIR167e, osa-MIR167f, osa-MIR167g, osa-MIR167h, osa-MIR167i, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR171b, osa-MIR171c, osa-MIR171d, osa-MIR171e, osa-MIR171f, osa-MIR171g, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR171h, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR171i, osa-MIR167j, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, zma-MIR156d, zma-MIR156f, zma-MIR156g, zma-MIR156b, zma-MIR156c, zma-MIR156e, zma-MIR156a, zma-MIR156h, zma-MIR156i, zma-MIR160a, zma-MIR160c, zma-MIR160d, zma-MIR160b, zma-MIR164a, zma-MIR164d, zma-MIR164b, zma-MIR164c, zma-MIR167a, zma-MIR167b, zma-MIR167d, zma-MIR167c, zma-MIR160e, zma-MIR166a, zma-MIR166h, zma-MIR166e, zma-MIR166i, zma-MIR166f, zma-MIR166g, zma-MIR166b, zma-MIR166c, zma-MIR166d, zma-MIR171a, zma-MIR171b, zma-MIR172a, zma-MIR172d, zma-MIR172b, zma-MIR172c, osa-MIR390, osa-MIR444a, zma-MIR171d, zma-MIR171f, zma-MIR395b, zma-MIR395c, zma-MIR395a, zma-MIR156j, zma-MIR159a, zma-MIR159b, zma-MIR159c, zma-MIR159d, zma-MIR166k, zma-MIR166j, zma-MIR167e, zma-MIR167f, zma-MIR167g, zma-MIR167h, zma-MIR167i, zma-MIR168a, zma-MIR168b, zma-MIR171c, zma-MIR171j, zma-MIR171e, zma-MIR171i, zma-MIR171g, zma-MIR172e, zma-MIR166l, zma-MIR166m, zma-MIR171k, zma-MIR171h, zma-MIR408a, zma-MIR156k, zma-MIR160f, osa-MIR528, osa-MIR395m, osa-MIR395n, osa-MIR395o, osa-MIR395p, osa-MIR395q, osa-MIR395v, osa-MIR395w, osa-MIR395r, osa-MIR1432, osa-MIR827, osa-MIR2118a, osa-MIR2118b, osa-MIR2118c, osa-MIR2118d, osa-MIR2118e, osa-MIR2118f, osa-MIR2118g, osa-MIR2118h, osa-MIR2118i, osa-MIR2118j, osa-MIR2118k, osa-MIR2118l, osa-MIR2118m, osa-MIR2118n, osa-MIR2118p, osa-MIR2118q, osa-MIR2118r, osa-MIR2275a, osa-MIR2275b, zma-MIR2118a, zma-MIR2118b, zma-MIR2118c, zma-MIR2118d, zma-MIR2118e, zma-MIR2118f, zma-MIR2118g, zma-MIR2275a, zma-MIR2275b, zma-MIR2275c, zma-MIR2275d, zma-MIR156l, zma-MIR159e, zma-MIR159f, zma-MIR159g, zma-MIR159h, zma-MIR159i, zma-MIR159j, zma-MIR159k, zma-MIR160g, zma-MIR164e, zma-MIR164f, zma-MIR164g, zma-MIR164h, zma-MIR166n, zma-MIR167j, zma-MIR171l, zma-MIR171m, zma-MIR171n, zma-MIR390a, zma-MIR395d, zma-MIR395e, zma-MIR395f, zma-MIR395g, zma-MIR395h, zma-MIR395i, zma-MIR395j, zma-MIR395k, zma-MIR395l, zma-MIR395m, zma-MIR395n, zma-MIR395o, zma-MIR395p, zma-MIR408b, zma-MIR528a, zma-MIR528b, zma-MIR827, zma-MIR1432, zma-MIR390b, osa-MIR395x, osa-MIR395y, osa-MIR2275c, osa-MIR2275d, zma-MIR444a, osa-MIR6251
More interestingly, miRNA families that form clusters in maize, such as miR2118, miR395 and miR159, tend to form clusters in rice as well, indicating that those miRNA families already existed in the last common ancestor of maize and rice. [score:1]
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[+] score: 1
Other miRNAs from this paper: osa-MIR156a, osa-MIR156b, osa-MIR156c, osa-MIR156d, osa-MIR156e, osa-MIR156f, osa-MIR156g, osa-MIR156h, osa-MIR156i, osa-MIR156j, osa-MIR160a, osa-MIR160b, osa-MIR160c, osa-MIR160d, osa-MIR162a, osa-MIR164a, osa-MIR164b, osa-MIR166a, osa-MIR166b, osa-MIR166c, osa-MIR166d, osa-MIR166e, osa-MIR166f, osa-MIR169a, osa-MIR393a, osa-MIR395d, osa-MIR396a, osa-MIR396b, osa-MIR396c, osa-MIR399a, osa-MIR399b, osa-MIR399c, osa-MIR399d, osa-MIR399e, osa-MIR399f, osa-MIR399g, osa-MIR399h, osa-MIR399i, osa-MIR399j, osa-MIR399k, osa-MIR156k, osa-MIR156l, osa-MIR159a, osa-MIR159b, osa-MIR159c, osa-MIR159d, osa-MIR159e, osa-MIR159f, osa-MIR160e, osa-MIR160f, osa-MIR164c, osa-MIR164d, osa-MIR164e, osa-MIR166k, osa-MIR166l, osa-MIR168a, osa-MIR168b, osa-MIR169b, osa-MIR169c, osa-MIR169d, osa-MIR169e, osa-MIR169f, osa-MIR169g, osa-MIR169h, osa-MIR169i, osa-MIR169j, osa-MIR169k, osa-MIR169l, osa-MIR169m, osa-MIR169n, osa-MIR169o, osa-MIR169p, osa-MIR169q, osa-MIR172a, osa-MIR172b, osa-MIR172c, osa-MIR166g, osa-MIR166h, osa-MIR166i, osa-MIR393b, osa-MIR408, osa-MIR172d, osa-MIR166m, osa-MIR166j, osa-MIR164f, osa-MIR414, osa-MIR396e, osa-MIR444a, osa-MIR528, osa-MIR529b, osa-MIR1432, osa-MIR169r, osa-MIR444b, osa-MIR444c, osa-MIR444d, osa-MIR444e, osa-MIR444f, osa-MIR1846d, osa-MIR1853, osa-MIR1860, osa-MIR396f, osa-MIR2118a, osa-MIR2118b, osa-MIR2118c, osa-MIR2118d, osa-MIR2118e, osa-MIR2118f, osa-MIR2118g, osa-MIR2118h, osa-MIR2118i, osa-MIR2118j, osa-MIR2118k, osa-MIR2118l, osa-MIR2118m, osa-MIR2118n, osa-MIR2118p, osa-MIR2118q, osa-MIR2118r, osa-MIR396g, osa-MIR396h, osa-MIR396d, osa-MIR5072, osa-MIR5078, osa-MIR5826
For an example, in the control library, both oco-miR2118 and oco-miR444 families had maximum of6 members each whereas, in the treated library, oco-miR166 family had maximum of 12 members followed by both oco-miR396 andoco-miR169 families, each with 8 members. [score:1]
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[+] score: 1
Both phasiRNA types are derived from low copy intergenic regions, and each requires a specific miRNA trigger (miR2118 for the 21-nt class and miR2275 for 24-nt class) to initiate cleavage and RDR6 -dependent second-strand synthesis. [score:1]
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