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17 publications mentioning bta-mir-33a

Open access articles that are associated with the species Bos taurus and mention the gene name mir-33a. Click the [+] symbols to view sentences that include the gene name, or the word cloud on the right for a summary.

1
[+] score: 54
Taken together, three miRNAs were screened which may be regulators in milk fat metabolism by affecting their predicted target genes; they were bta-miR-33a, predicted target gene ELOVL5, ELOVL6 and SC4MOL; bta-miR-152, predicted target gene PTGS2, PRKAA1 and CUP3; bta-miR-224, predicted target gene LPL, GST, ALOX15 and PTGS1. [score:10]
Inhibition of miR-33a and miR-33b in vitro up-regulates fatty acid oxidation and the hepatocyte insulin response [7]. [score:6]
Therefore, except for SREBP1, ABCA1, AMPK, HADHB, ABCG1, the target gene candidates ELOVL5, ELOVL6 and SC4MOL which were up-regulated in MG-LL had the same reverse-complementary relationship with bta-miR-33a. [score:6]
As expected, ELOVL5 and ELOVL6 showed the same tendency of high expression in MG-LL in the present research; this indicated that both genes have the possibility of affecting the lipid synthesis by the regulation of bta-miR-33a. [score:4]
More importantly, three miRNAs including bta-miR-33a, bta-miR-152 and bta-miR-224 were further validated that have potential regulatory functions in milk fat metabolism together with their predicted target genes. [score:4]
By analyzing their potential target genes that annotated to four pathways related to lipid metabolism, six miRNAs were filtered including bta-miR-33a, bta-miR-21*, bta-miR-29b, bta-miR-152, bta-miR-224 and bta-miR-887. [score:3]
In the present study bta-miR-33a was expressed at a significantly lower level in pMEC-LL. [score:3]
The bta-miR-224, bta-miR-152 and bta-miR-33a, which were differentially expressed between pMEC-HH and pMEC-LL were also identified in abundance in the human lipid fraction [29], human skim milk [30], human colostrum [30], as well as in bovine skim milk and colostrum [31], suggesting that they play important roles in the lipid metabolism and/or synthesis in the mammary gland. [score:3]
The first one was bta-miR-33a whose predicted targets were ELOVL5, ELOVL6 and SC4MOL. [score:3]
In short, although the regulatory function of bta-miR-33a has been acknowledged in lipid metabolism, there are great differences in diverse tissues, organics and physiology conditions between general lipid and milk fat in mammary gland. [score:2]
miR-33a, a member of the human miR-33 family, is the most well-known miRNA involved in regulating cholesterol synthesis and fatty acids β-oxidation. [score:2]
1365-2052.2009.01945. x 19781040 7. Davalos A. Goedeke L. Smibert P. Ramirez C. M. Warrier N. P. Andreo U. Cirera-Salinas D. Rayner K. Suresh U. Pastor-Pareja J. C. miR-33a/b contribute to the regulation of fatty acid metabolism and insulin signaling Proc. [score:2]
This suggests that miR-33a might also play a regulatory role in milk fat metabolism in the bovine mammary gland. [score:2]
For example, PTGIS (Prostaglandin I2 synthase) was located at bta-miR-33a, bta-miR-21* and bta-miR-224 at the same time. [score:1]
These miRNAs include: miR-33 [7], miR-122 [8], miR-370 [9], miR-378/378* [10], miR-27 [11], miR-143 [12], miR-335 [13], miR-103 [14] and so on. [score:1]
They included bta-miR-193a-3p, bta-miR-33a, bta-miR-21*, bta-miR-152, bta-miR-29, bta-miR-224, bta-miR-222 and bta-miR-877. [score:1]
They are bta-miR-33a, bta-miR-152 and bta-miR-224. [score:1]
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2
[+] score: 31
Other miRNAs from this paper: ssc-mir-122, ssc-mir-125b-2, ssc-mir-181b-2, ssc-mir-20a, ssc-mir-23a, ssc-mir-26a, ssc-mir-29b-1, ssc-mir-181c, ssc-mir-214, ssc-let-7c, ssc-let-7f-1, ssc-let-7i, ssc-mir-103-1, ssc-mir-107, ssc-mir-21, ssc-mir-29c, ssc-mir-30c-2, bta-mir-26a-2, bta-mir-29a, bta-let-7f-2, bta-mir-103-1, bta-mir-20a, bta-mir-21, bta-mir-26b, bta-mir-30d, bta-mir-499, bta-mir-99a, bta-mir-125b-1, bta-mir-126, bta-mir-181a-2, bta-mir-199a-1, bta-mir-30b, bta-mir-107, bta-mir-10a, bta-mir-127, bta-mir-142, bta-mir-181b-2, bta-mir-30e, bta-mir-92a-2, bta-let-7d, bta-mir-132, bta-mir-138-2, bta-mir-17, bta-mir-181c, bta-mir-192, bta-mir-199b, bta-mir-200a, bta-mir-200c, bta-mir-214, bta-mir-23a, bta-mir-29b-2, bta-mir-29c, bta-mir-455, bta-let-7g, bta-mir-10b, bta-mir-30a, bta-mir-200b, bta-let-7a-1, bta-let-7f-1, bta-mir-122, bta-mir-30c, bta-let-7i, bta-mir-25, bta-let-7a-2, bta-let-7a-3, bta-let-7b, bta-let-7c, bta-let-7e, bta-mir-103-2, bta-mir-125b-2, bta-mir-99b, ssc-mir-99b, ssc-mir-17, ssc-mir-30b, ssc-mir-199b, bta-mir-1-2, bta-mir-1-1, bta-mir-129-1, bta-mir-129-2, bta-mir-133a-2, bta-mir-133a-1, bta-mir-133b, bta-mir-135b, bta-mir-138-1, bta-mir-143, bta-mir-144, bta-mir-146b, bta-mir-146a, bta-mir-181d, bta-mir-190a, bta-mir-199a-2, bta-mir-202, bta-mir-206, bta-mir-211, bta-mir-212, bta-mir-223, bta-mir-26a-1, bta-mir-29d, bta-mir-30f, bta-mir-338, bta-mir-33b, bta-mir-375, bta-mir-429, bta-mir-451, bta-mir-92a-1, bta-mir-92b, bta-mir-29e, bta-mir-29b-1, bta-mir-181a-1, bta-mir-181b-1, ssc-mir-133a-1, ssc-mir-1, ssc-mir-146b, ssc-mir-181a-1, ssc-mir-30a, bta-mir-199c, ssc-mir-206, ssc-let-7a-1, ssc-let-7e, ssc-let-7g, ssc-mir-133b, ssc-mir-29a, ssc-mir-30d, ssc-mir-30e, ssc-mir-199a-2, ssc-mir-499, ssc-mir-143, ssc-mir-10a, ssc-mir-10b, ssc-mir-103-2, ssc-mir-181a-2, ssc-mir-181b-1, ssc-mir-181d, ssc-mir-99a, ssc-mir-92a-2, ssc-mir-92a-1, ssc-mir-92b, ssc-mir-192, ssc-mir-142, ssc-mir-127, ssc-mir-202, ssc-mir-129a, ssc-mir-455, ssc-mir-125b-1, ssc-mir-338, ssc-mir-133a-2, ssc-mir-146a, bta-mir-26c, ssc-mir-30c-1, ssc-mir-126, ssc-mir-199a-1, ssc-mir-451, ssc-let-7a-2, ssc-mir-129b, ssc-mir-429, ssc-let-7d, ssc-let-7f-2, ssc-mir-29b-2, ssc-mir-132, ssc-mir-138, ssc-mir-144, ssc-mir-190a, ssc-mir-212, bta-mir-133c, ssc-mir-26b, ssc-mir-200b, ssc-mir-223, ssc-mir-375, ssc-mir-33b
Research has also shown miR-33 and miR-122b were upregulated, whereas miR-122a was downregulated. [score:7]
miR-33a controls fatty acid regulation in mammals by repressing insulin receptor substrate 2 (Dávalos et al., 2011), and its high expression in tilapia testes may contribute to testes maturation via regulation of the insulin signaling pathway (Xiao et al., 2014). [score:5]
The inhibition of miR-33 expression in mice (Mus musculus) resulted in a low level of VLDL triglyceride (Fernández-Hernando et al., 2011). [score:5]
MiR-33 and miR-122b act on the hepatic insulin pathway to stimulate lipogenesis and inhibit lipolysis (Fernández-Hernando et al., 2011). [score:3]
MiR-33 and miR-122b may promote lipogenesis and simultaneously inhibit lipolysis. [score:3]
In tilapia testes, the most abundantly expressed miRNA families are miR-33a, miR-132, miR-135b, and miR-212 (Xiao et al., 2014). [score:3]
Mennigen et al. (2013) analyzed the expression of miRNAs by quantitative real-time RT-PCR in rainbow trout fingerlings while switching from endogenous to exogenous feeding and showed a decrease in miRNA-33 and miRNA-122a/b isomiRs. [score:3]
miR-33a/b contribute to the regulation of fatty acid metabolism and insulin signaling. [score:2]
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3
[+] score: 23
miR-33a expression in subcutaneous adipose tissue was significantly correlated with its host gene SREBF2 (Table  2), a transcription factor that controls the expression of other genes involved with cholesterol metabolism [61]. [score:5]
Another instance of coordinated expression was identified between two intronic miRNAs and their host genes involved in lipid metabolism (miR-33a/ SREBF2 and miR-1281/ EP300), suggesting these miRNAs regulate the lipid metabolism pathway that involves their host genes. [score:4]
Two intronic miRNAs (miR-33a and miR-1281) were confirmed to have coordinated expression with their host genes, transcriptional factor SREBF2 and EP300 (a transcriptional co-activator of transcriptional factor C/EBPα), respectively which are involved in lipid metabolism, suggesting these miRNAs may also play a role in regulation of bovine lipid metabolism/adipogenesis. [score:4]
A Pearson correlation analysis showed that expression of miR-1281 and miR-33a was correlated (p < 0.05) with their host gene, respectively, while no correlation (p > 0.05) with the host gene was observed for miR-378 and miR-151-5p (Table  2). [score:3]
These findings are in agreement with findings that show coordinated expression of miR-33a and SREBF2 over a range of tissue types [62]. [score:3]
Similarly, miR-33a was found to be involved in the regulation of β-oxidation of fatty acids, cholesterol homeostasis and insulin signalling [59]. [score:2]
Interestingly, anti-miR-33 therapy is under investigation as a promising method to treat cardiometabolic diseases [60]. [score:1]
The analysis included EP300 (miR-1281), PPARGC1B (miR-378), PTK2 (miR-151-5p) and SREBF2 (miR-33a). [score:1]
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4
[+] score: 12
A number of miRNAs related to lipid metabolism and adipogenesis were differentially expressed between bulls and steers, which included downregulated miRNAs, such as miR-224, miR-33a, miR-1, and miR-141, and upregulated miRNAs, such as miR-10b, miR-193, and miR-181b. [score:9]
Overexpression of miR-33a and miR-33b also reduces fatty acid oxidation and insulin signaling in hepatic cell lines by reducing carnitine O-octaniltransferase (CROT), CPT1A, hydroxyacyl-CoA-dehydrogenase (HADHB), AMP kinase subunit-α (AMPKα) and insulin receptor substrate 2 (IRS2), which promote fatty acid oxidation and insulin signaling [63]. [score:3]
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5
[+] score: 10
Other miRNAs from this paper: hsa-let-7a-1, hsa-let-7a-2, hsa-let-7a-3, hsa-let-7b, hsa-let-7c, hsa-let-7d, hsa-let-7e, hsa-let-7f-1, hsa-let-7f-2, hsa-mir-26a-1, hsa-mir-26b, hsa-mir-27a, hsa-mir-29a, hsa-mir-32, hsa-mir-33a, hsa-mir-99a, hsa-mir-103a-2, hsa-mir-103a-1, hsa-mir-107, mmu-let-7g, mmu-let-7i, mmu-mir-15b, mmu-mir-99a, mmu-mir-126a, mmu-mir-128-1, mmu-mir-130a, mmu-mir-140, mmu-mir-154, mmu-mir-204, mmu-mir-143, hsa-mir-204, hsa-mir-211, hsa-mir-218-1, hsa-mir-218-2, hsa-mir-222, hsa-mir-223, mmu-mir-301a, mmu-mir-34c, mmu-mir-34b, mmu-let-7d, hsa-let-7g, hsa-let-7i, hsa-mir-15b, hsa-mir-128-1, hsa-mir-130a, hsa-mir-140, hsa-mir-143, hsa-mir-126, hsa-mir-129-2, hsa-mir-154, mmu-let-7a-1, mmu-let-7a-2, mmu-let-7b, mmu-let-7c-1, mmu-let-7c-2, mmu-let-7e, mmu-let-7f-1, mmu-let-7f-2, mmu-mir-26a-1, mmu-mir-26b, mmu-mir-29a, mmu-mir-29c, mmu-mir-27a, mmu-mir-129-2, mmu-mir-103-1, mmu-mir-103-2, mmu-mir-340, mmu-mir-107, mmu-mir-32, mmu-mir-218-1, mmu-mir-218-2, mmu-mir-223, mmu-mir-26a-2, mmu-mir-211, mmu-mir-222, mmu-mir-128-2, hsa-mir-128-2, hsa-mir-29c, hsa-mir-101-2, hsa-mir-34b, hsa-mir-34c, hsa-mir-301a, hsa-mir-26a-2, hsa-mir-379, mmu-mir-379, hsa-mir-340, mmu-mir-409, hsa-mir-409, hsa-mir-499a, hsa-mir-455, hsa-mir-670, mmu-mir-1249, mmu-mir-670, mmu-mir-499, mmu-mir-455, bta-mir-26a-2, bta-mir-29a, bta-let-7f-2, bta-mir-101-2, bta-mir-103-1, bta-mir-16b, bta-mir-222, bta-mir-26b, bta-mir-27a, bta-mir-499, bta-mir-99a, bta-mir-126, bta-mir-128-1, bta-mir-34b, bta-mir-107, bta-mir-140, bta-mir-15b, bta-mir-218-2, bta-let-7d, bta-mir-29c, bta-mir-455, bta-let-7g, bta-let-7a-1, bta-let-7f-1, bta-let-7i, bta-mir-34c, bta-let-7a-2, bta-let-7a-3, bta-let-7b, bta-let-7c, bta-let-7e, bta-mir-103-2, bta-mir-204, hsa-mir-1249, hsa-mir-1306, hsa-mir-103b-1, hsa-mir-103b-2, bta-mir-128-2, bta-mir-129-2, bta-mir-130a, bta-mir-143, bta-mir-154a, bta-mir-211, bta-mir-218-1, bta-mir-223, bta-mir-26a-1, bta-mir-301a, bta-mir-32, bta-mir-340, bta-mir-379, bta-mir-409a, bta-mir-670, mmu-mir-1306, bta-mir-1306, bta-mir-1249, bta-mir-2284i, bta-mir-2285a, bta-mir-2284s, bta-mir-2285d, bta-mir-2284l, bta-mir-2284j, bta-mir-2284t, bta-mir-2285b-1, bta-mir-2284d, bta-mir-2284n, bta-mir-2284g, bta-mir-2284p, bta-mir-2284u, bta-mir-2284f, bta-mir-2284a, bta-mir-2284k, bta-mir-2284c, bta-mir-2284v, bta-mir-2285c, bta-mir-2284q, bta-mir-2284m, bta-mir-2284b, bta-mir-2284r, bta-mir-2284h, bta-mir-2284o, bta-mir-2284e, hsa-mir-1260b, bta-mir-2284w, bta-mir-2284x, bta-mir-409b, hsa-mir-499b, bta-mir-1260b, bta-mir-2284y-1, bta-mir-2285e-1, bta-mir-2285e-2, bta-mir-2285f-1, bta-mir-2285f-2, bta-mir-2285g-1, bta-mir-2285h, bta-mir-2285i, bta-mir-2285j-1, bta-mir-2285j-2, bta-mir-2285k-1, bta-mir-2285l, bta-mir-6119, mmu-let-7j, bta-mir-2285o-1, bta-mir-2285o-2, bta-mir-2285n-1, bta-mir-2285n-2, bta-mir-2285p, bta-mir-2285m-1, bta-mir-2285m-2, bta-mir-2284y-2, bta-mir-2285n-3, bta-mir-2285n-4, bta-mir-2284y-3, bta-mir-154c, bta-mir-154b, bta-mir-2285o-3, bta-mir-2285o-4, bta-mir-2285m-3, bta-mir-2284y-4, bta-mir-2284y-5, bta-mir-2284y-6, bta-mir-2285m-4, bta-mir-2285o-5, bta-mir-2285m-5, bta-mir-2285n-5, bta-mir-2285n-6, bta-mir-2284y-7, bta-mir-2285n-7, bta-mir-2284z-1, bta-mir-2284aa-1, bta-mir-2285k-2, bta-mir-2284z-3, bta-mir-2284aa-2, bta-mir-2284aa-3, bta-mir-2285k-3, bta-mir-2285k-4, bta-mir-2284z-4, bta-mir-2285k-5, bta-mir-2284z-5, bta-mir-2284z-6, bta-mir-2284z-7, bta-mir-2284aa-4, bta-mir-2285q, bta-mir-2285r, bta-mir-2285s, bta-mir-2285t, bta-mir-2285b-2, bta-mir-2285v, bta-mir-2284z-2, mmu-let-7k, mmu-mir-126b, bta-mir-2285g-2, bta-mir-2285g-3, bta-mir-2285af-1, bta-mir-2285af-2, bta-mir-2285y, bta-mir-2285w, bta-mir-2285x, bta-mir-2285z, bta-mir-2285u, bta-mir-2285aa, bta-mir-2285ab, bta-mir-2284ab, bta-mir-2285ac, bta-mir-2285ad, bta-mir-2284ac, bta-mir-2285ae, chi-let-7a, chi-let-7b, chi-let-7c, chi-let-7d, chi-let-7e, chi-let-7f, chi-let-7g, chi-let-7i, chi-mir-103, chi-mir-107, chi-mir-1249, chi-mir-126, chi-mir-1306, chi-mir-130a, chi-mir-140, chi-mir-143, chi-mir-154a, chi-mir-154b, chi-mir-15b, chi-mir-16b, chi-mir-204, chi-mir-211, chi-mir-222, chi-mir-223, chi-mir-2284a, chi-mir-2284b, chi-mir-2284c, chi-mir-2284d, chi-mir-2284e, chi-mir-26a, chi-mir-26b, chi-mir-27a, chi-mir-29a, chi-mir-29c, chi-mir-301a, chi-mir-33a, chi-mir-340, chi-mir-34b, chi-mir-34c, chi-mir-379, chi-mir-409, chi-mir-455, chi-mir-499, chi-mir-99a, bta-mir-2285ag, bta-mir-2285ah, bta-mir-2285ai, bta-mir-2285aj, bta-mir-2285ak, bta-mir-2285al, bta-mir-2285am, bta-mir-2285ar, bta-mir-2285as-1, bta-mir-2285as-2, bta-mir-2285as-3, bta-mir-2285at-1, bta-mir-2285at-2, bta-mir-2285at-3, bta-mir-2285at-4, bta-mir-2285au, bta-mir-2285av, bta-mir-2285aw, bta-mir-2285ax-1, bta-mir-2285ax-2, bta-mir-2285ax-3, bta-mir-2285ay, bta-mir-2285az, bta-mir-2285an, bta-mir-2285ao-1, bta-mir-2285ao-2, bta-mir-2285ap, bta-mir-2285ao-3, bta-mir-2285aq-1, bta-mir-2285aq-2, bta-mir-2285ba-1, bta-mir-2285ba-2, bta-mir-2285bb, bta-mir-2285bc, bta-mir-2285bd, bta-mir-2285be, bta-mir-2285bf-1, bta-mir-2285bf-2, bta-mir-2285bf-3, bta-mir-2285bg, bta-mir-2285bh, bta-mir-2285bi-1, bta-mir-2285bi-2, bta-mir-2285bj-1, bta-mir-2285bj-2, bta-mir-2285bk, bta-mir-2285bl, bta-mir-2285bm, bta-mir-2285bn, bta-mir-2285bo, bta-mir-2285bp, bta-mir-2285bq, bta-mir-2285br, bta-mir-2285bs, bta-mir-2285bt, bta-mir-2285bu-1, bta-mir-2285bu-2, bta-mir-2285bv, bta-mir-2285bw, bta-mir-2285bx, bta-mir-2285by, bta-mir-2285bz, bta-mir-2285ca, bta-mir-2285cb, bta-mir-2285cc, bta-mir-2285cd, bta-mir-2285ce, bta-mir-2285cf, bta-mir-2285cg, bta-mir-2285ch, bta-mir-2285ci, bta-mir-2285cj, bta-mir-2285ck, bta-mir-2285cl, bta-mir-2285cm, bta-mir-2285cn, bta-mir-2285co, bta-mir-2285cp, bta-mir-2285cq, bta-mir-2285cr-1, bta-mir-2285cr-2, bta-mir-2285cs, bta-mir-2285ct, bta-mir-2285cu, bta-mir-2285cv-1, bta-mir-2285cv-2, bta-mir-2285cw-1, bta-mir-2285cw-2, bta-mir-2285cx, bta-mir-2285cy, bta-mir-2285cz, bta-mir-2285da, bta-mir-2285db, bta-mir-2285dc, bta-mir-2285dd, bta-mir-2285de, bta-mir-2285df, bta-mir-2285dg, bta-mir-2285dh, bta-mir-2285di, bta-mir-2285dj, bta-mir-2285dk, bta-mir-2285dl-1, bta-mir-2285dl-2, bta-mir-2285dm
As mentioned above, the host gene of mir-33a, SREBF2, is known to regulate the expression of several lipogenic enzymes in numerous tissues involving the mammary gland, and plays a key role in controlling cholesterol homeostasis [70]. [score:4]
Intragenic mir-33a and the host gene SREBF2 may act in a coordinated manner to govern lipid metabolism [69], their presence in QTL associated with milk fat content possibly revealing a role for this cooperation in the regulation of milk fatty acid traits. [score:2]
Another example is mir-33a, which may act in concert with its SREBF2 host genes to govern intracellular function and cholesterol homeostasis in vertebrates, thus representing an example of miRNA-host gene cooperation in regulating a metabolic pathway [69]. [score:2]
Among these, 16 precursors were found amongst the 43 conserved between human, mouse, cow and goat in our analysis (let-7 g, mir-101-2, mir-103, mir-107, mir-128-1, mir-1306, mir-140, mir-15b, mir-16b, mir-211, mir-218-1, mir-26a-1, mir-32, mir-33a, mir-455, let-7-2), so the location of these precursors appears to be highly conserved in all vertebrates. [score:1]
Finally, an intragenic miRNA, mir-33a, was also localized in a QTL linked to milk fat content. [score:1]
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6
[+] score: 10
MiR-205 over -expression leads to an expansion of the progenitor-cell population and increased cellular proliferation [26], while miR-27 reduces lipid accumulation by targeting peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) in human adipocyte cells [27], and miR-33 represses sterol transporters in human liver cells [28]. [score:5]
For example, miR-33, which is a sense oriented intronic miRNA in the sterol regulatory element -binding protein (SREBP), is co-regulated with SREBP and is capable of targeting ATP -binding cassette sub -family G (ABCG1) [52] which is downstream of SREBP [53]. [score:5]
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7
[+] score: 9
Similarly, temporally DE miRNAs, miR-146, miR-191, miR-33, miR-7, miR-99/100, miR-486, and miR-145 may target genes that accelerate gut tissue and immune system development. [score:4]
Temporally DE miRNAs in small intestine (miR-146, miR-191, miR-33, miR-7, miR-99/100, miR-486, miR-145, and miR-211) were predicted to be related to gut epithelial cells development, immune cells development, inflammatory response, and other functions (Table 1). [score:3]
A total of 13 regional and temporal DE miRNAs (regional DE miRNAs: miR-192, miR-194, miR-205, miR-31, and miR-196; temporal DE miRNAs: miR-146b, miR-191, miR-99a, miR-145, miR-211, miR-486, miR-33, miR-7, and miR-196b) that identified from miRNA-seq were selected for validation using stem-loop qRT-PCR. [score:1]
Functional analysis illustrated that miR-191, miR-33, miR-99/100, and miR-145 were mainly related to differentiation of leukocytes including lymphocytes. [score:1]
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8
[+] score: 9
Over -expression of miR-33 in hepatocytes down regulates expression of PRKAA1, decreasing β-oxidation of fatty acids and increasing triglyceride accumulation [39]. [score:6]
39 Dávalos A, Goedeke L, Smibert P, Ramírez CM, Warrier NP, et al (2011) miR-33a/b contribute to the regulation of fatty acid metabolism and insulin signaling. [score:2]
This may be similar to the results between miR-33 and PRKAA1. [score:1]
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9
[+] score: 5
miR-33a and miR-33b located within the sterol regulatory element -binding proteins (SREBP), key transcription regulators of genes involved in cholesterol biosynthesis and uptake, regulate cholesterol homeostasis jointly with their host genes [35] and have roles in the regulation fatty acid metabolism and insulin signaling [36]. [score:5]
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10
[+] score: 5
GO analysis also revealed potentially novel regulation, such as that of miR-27 in transcriptional and membrane/vesicle -associated processes, miR-30 in immune homeostasis and cellular metabolism and transport, and miR-33 in cardiac development. [score:3]
While our analysis did not identify the known involvement of miR-33 in lipid metabolism [34], a novel potential role in cardiac development was suggested. [score:2]
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[+] score: 4
Other miRNAs from this paper: bta-let-7f-2, bta-mir-101-2, bta-mir-103-1, bta-mir-21, bta-mir-27a, bta-mir-30d, bta-mir-320a-2, bta-mir-199a-1, bta-mir-27b, bta-mir-30b, bta-mir-107, bta-mir-140, bta-mir-30e, bta-let-7d, bta-mir-124a-1, bta-mir-199b, bta-mir-200a, bta-mir-200c, bta-let-7g, bta-mir-30a, bta-mir-200b, bta-let-7a-1, bta-let-7f-1, bta-mir-122, bta-mir-30c, bta-let-7i, bta-mir-25, bta-let-7a-2, bta-let-7a-3, bta-let-7b, bta-let-7c, bta-let-7e, bta-mir-103-2, bta-mir-1-2, bta-mir-1-1, bta-mir-101-1, bta-mir-124a-2, bta-mir-124b, bta-mir-133a-2, bta-mir-133a-1, bta-mir-143, bta-mir-152, bta-mir-154a, bta-mir-185, bta-mir-199a-2, bta-mir-206, bta-mir-30f, bta-mir-335, bta-mir-33b, bta-mir-370, bta-mir-378-1, bta-mir-432, bta-mir-9-1, bta-mir-9-2, bta-mir-1224, bta-mir-376b, bta-mir-376d, bta-mir-376c, bta-mir-376a, bta-mir-1839, bta-mir-1185, bta-mir-2284i, bta-mir-2285a, bta-mir-2284s, bta-mir-2285d, bta-mir-2284l, bta-mir-2284j, bta-mir-2284t, bta-mir-2285b-1, bta-mir-2284d, bta-mir-2284n, bta-mir-2284g, bta-mir-199c, bta-mir-2284p, bta-mir-2284u, bta-mir-2363-1, bta-mir-2363-2, bta-mir-2284f, bta-mir-2284a, bta-mir-2284k, bta-mir-2284c, bta-mir-2284v, bta-mir-2285c, bta-mir-2284q, bta-mir-2284m, bta-mir-2284b, bta-mir-320b, bta-mir-2284r, bta-mir-2284h, bta-mir-2284o, bta-mir-2284e, bta-mir-320a-1, bta-mir-378-2, bta-mir-2284w, bta-mir-2284x, bta-mir-3432a-1, bta-mir-3432a-2, bta-mir-3604-1, bta-mir-3604-2, bta-mir-2284y-1, bta-mir-2285e-1, bta-mir-2285e-2, bta-mir-2285f-1, bta-mir-2285f-2, bta-mir-2285g-1, bta-mir-2285h, bta-mir-2285i, bta-mir-2285j-1, bta-mir-2285j-2, bta-mir-2285k-1, bta-mir-2285l, bta-mir-2285o-1, bta-mir-2285o-2, bta-mir-2285n-1, bta-mir-2285n-2, bta-mir-2285p, bta-mir-2285m-1, bta-mir-2285m-2, bta-mir-2284y-2, bta-mir-378b, bta-mir-2285n-3, bta-mir-2285n-4, bta-mir-2284y-3, bta-mir-154c, bta-mir-376e, bta-mir-154b, bta-mir-2285o-3, bta-mir-2285o-4, bta-mir-2285m-3, bta-mir-378c, bta-mir-2284y-4, bta-mir-2284y-5, bta-mir-2284y-6, bta-mir-2285m-4, bta-mir-2285o-5, bta-mir-2285m-5, bta-mir-2285n-5, bta-mir-2285n-6, bta-mir-6526-1, bta-mir-6526-2, bta-mir-503, bta-mir-2284y-7, bta-mir-6526-3, bta-mir-2285n-7, bta-mir-2284z-1, bta-mir-2284aa-1, bta-mir-2285k-2, bta-mir-2284z-3, bta-mir-2284aa-2, bta-mir-2284aa-3, bta-mir-2285k-3, bta-mir-2285k-4, bta-mir-2284z-4, bta-mir-2285k-5, bta-mir-2284z-5, bta-mir-2284z-6, bta-mir-2284z-7, bta-mir-6536-1, bta-mir-2284aa-4, bta-mir-6536-2, bta-mir-2285q, bta-mir-2285r, bta-mir-2285s, bta-mir-2285t, bta-mir-2285b-2, bta-mir-2285v, bta-mir-2284z-2, bta-mir-2285g-2, bta-mir-2285g-3, bta-mir-2285af-1, bta-mir-2285af-2, bta-mir-2285y, bta-mir-2285w, bta-mir-2285x, bta-mir-2285z, bta-mir-2285u, bta-mir-2285aa, bta-mir-2285ab, bta-mir-2284ab, bta-mir-2285ac, bta-mir-2285ad, bta-mir-2284ac, bta-mir-2285ae, bta-mir-378d, bta-mir-3432b, bta-mir-2285ag, bta-mir-2285ah, bta-mir-2285ai, bta-mir-2285aj, bta-mir-2285ak, bta-mir-2285al, bta-mir-2285am, bta-mir-2285ar, bta-mir-2285as-1, bta-mir-2285as-2, bta-mir-2285as-3, bta-mir-2285at-1, bta-mir-2285at-2, bta-mir-2285at-3, bta-mir-2285at-4, bta-mir-2285au, bta-mir-2285av, bta-mir-2285aw, bta-mir-2285ax-1, bta-mir-2285ax-2, bta-mir-2285ax-3, bta-mir-2285ay, bta-mir-2285az, bta-mir-2285an, bta-mir-2285ao-1, bta-mir-2285ao-2, bta-mir-2285ap, bta-mir-2285ao-3, bta-mir-2285aq-1, bta-mir-2285aq-2, bta-mir-2285ba-1, bta-mir-2285ba-2, bta-mir-2285bb, bta-mir-2285bc, bta-mir-2285bd, bta-mir-2285be, bta-mir-2285bf-1, bta-mir-2285bf-2, bta-mir-2285bf-3, bta-mir-2285bg, bta-mir-2285bh, bta-mir-2285bi-1, bta-mir-2285bi-2, bta-mir-2285bj-1, bta-mir-2285bj-2, bta-mir-2285bk, bta-mir-2285bl, bta-mir-2285bm, bta-mir-2285bn, bta-mir-2285bo, bta-mir-2285bp, bta-mir-2285bq, bta-mir-2285br, bta-mir-2285bs, bta-mir-2285bt, bta-mir-2285bu-1, bta-mir-2285bu-2, bta-mir-2285bv, bta-mir-2285bw, bta-mir-2285bx, bta-mir-2285by, bta-mir-2285bz, bta-mir-2285ca, bta-mir-2285cb, bta-mir-2285cc, bta-mir-2285cd, bta-mir-2285ce, bta-mir-2285cf, bta-mir-2285cg, bta-mir-2285ch, bta-mir-2285ci, bta-mir-2285cj, bta-mir-2285ck, bta-mir-2285cl, bta-mir-2285cm, bta-mir-2285cn, bta-mir-2285co, bta-mir-2285cp, bta-mir-2285cq, bta-mir-2285cr-1, bta-mir-2285cr-2, bta-mir-2285cs, bta-mir-2285ct, bta-mir-2285cu, bta-mir-2285cv-1, bta-mir-2285cv-2, bta-mir-2285cw-1, bta-mir-2285cw-2, bta-mir-2285cx, bta-mir-2285cy, bta-mir-2285cz, bta-mir-2285da, bta-mir-2285db, bta-mir-2285dc, bta-mir-2285dd, bta-mir-2285de, bta-mir-2285df, bta-mir-2285dg, bta-mir-2285dh, bta-mir-2285di, bta-mir-2285dj, bta-mir-2285dk, bta-mir-2285dl-1, bta-mir-2285dl-2, bta-mir-2285dm
Later studies have also demonstrated miR-33′s role in the regulation of lipid metabolism, while inhibition of miR-33 resulted in increased fatty acid oxidation and the reduced accumulation of fat stores [13], [14]. [score:4]
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[+] score: 4
Other miRNAs from this paper: bta-mir-29a, bta-let-7f-2, bta-mir-27a, bta-mir-320a-2, bta-mir-99a, bta-mir-125a, bta-mir-181a-2, bta-mir-27b, bta-mir-10a, bta-mir-139, bta-mir-140, bta-mir-181b-2, bta-mir-487a, bta-let-7d, bta-mir-124a-1, bta-mir-181c, bta-mir-29b-2, bta-mir-29c, bta-mir-423, bta-let-7g, bta-mir-10b, bta-let-7a-1, bta-mir-487b, bta-let-7f-1, bta-mir-122, bta-let-7i, bta-mir-25, bta-let-7a-2, bta-let-7a-3, bta-let-7b, bta-let-7c, bta-let-7e, bta-mir-195, bta-mir-34a, bta-mir-1-2, bta-mir-1-1, bta-mir-124a-2, bta-mir-124b, bta-mir-133a-2, bta-mir-133a-1, bta-mir-133b, bta-mir-154a, bta-mir-181d, bta-mir-184, bta-mir-206, bta-mir-29d, bta-mir-335, bta-mir-33b, bta-mir-486, bta-mir-495, bta-mir-95, bta-mir-9-1, bta-mir-9-2, bta-mir-29e, bta-mir-29b-1, bta-mir-1271, bta-mir-1249, bta-mir-181a-1, bta-mir-181b-1, bta-mir-2284i, bta-mir-2286, bta-mir-2300a, bta-mir-2300b, bta-mir-2284s, bta-mir-2284l, bta-mir-2284j, bta-mir-2284t, bta-mir-2284d, bta-mir-2319a, bta-mir-2319b, bta-mir-2284n, bta-mir-2284g, bta-mir-2329-1, bta-mir-2329-2, bta-mir-2284p, bta-mir-2284u, bta-mir-2363-1, bta-mir-2363-2, bta-mir-2284f, bta-mir-2284a, bta-mir-2284k, bta-mir-2284c, bta-mir-2284v, bta-mir-2396, bta-mir-2285c, bta-mir-2284q, bta-mir-2404-1, bta-mir-2284m, bta-mir-2284b, bta-mir-320b, bta-mir-2284r, bta-mir-2443, bta-mir-2284h, bta-mir-2450c, bta-mir-2450b, bta-mir-2450a, bta-mir-2404-2, bta-mir-2284o, bta-mir-2484, bta-mir-2284e, bta-mir-320a-1, bta-mir-2887-1, bta-mir-2887-2, bta-mir-2284w, bta-mir-3431, bta-mir-2284x, bta-mir-3432a-1, bta-mir-3432a-2, bta-mir-574, bta-mir-2284y-1, bta-mir-2284y-2, bta-mir-2284y-3, bta-mir-154c, bta-mir-154b, bta-mir-2284y-4, bta-mir-2284y-5, bta-mir-2284y-6, bta-mir-6526-1, bta-mir-6526-2, bta-mir-503, bta-mir-2284y-7, bta-mir-6526-3, bta-mir-2284z-1, bta-mir-2284aa-1, bta-mir-2284z-3, bta-mir-2284aa-2, bta-mir-2284aa-3, bta-mir-2284z-4, bta-mir-2284z-5, bta-mir-2284z-6, bta-mir-2284z-7, bta-mir-6536-1, bta-mir-2284aa-4, bta-mir-6536-2, bta-mir-2284z-2, bta-mir-133c, bta-mir-2284ab, bta-mir-2284ac, bta-mir-3432b, bta-mir-2450d
miR-33 regulated genes associated with β-oxidation of fatty acids, including HADHB, CROT and CPT1A [49]. [score:2]
To date, several miRNAs have been reported to regulate lipid metabolism, including miR-122, miR-33a, miR-133, miR-335, miR-125a, and miR-34a [48]. [score:2]
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[+] score: 3
For example, miR-126-3p was the most frequently detected under both the NGS and qPCR approaches, while the expression of miR-33a-3p was lower with both techniques when compared to the other miRNA selected. [score:2]
Eight miRNAs (miR-15a-5p, miR-17-5p, miR-20a-5p, miR-33a-3p, miR-126-3p, miR-181a-5p, miR-142-5p and miR-223-3p; Supplementary S1 Table) were chosen for further study on the basis of their ranking and their function highlighted in the literature. [score:1]
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14
[+] score: 3
Other miRNAs from this paper: hsa-let-7a-1, hsa-let-7a-2, hsa-let-7a-3, hsa-let-7b, hsa-let-7c, hsa-let-7d, hsa-let-7e, hsa-let-7f-1, hsa-let-7f-2, hsa-mir-21, hsa-mir-22, hsa-mir-23a, hsa-mir-24-1, hsa-mir-24-2, hsa-mir-25, hsa-mir-26b, hsa-mir-27a, hsa-mir-31, hsa-mir-33a, hsa-mir-99a, hsa-mir-100, hsa-mir-29b-1, hsa-mir-29b-2, hsa-mir-103a-2, hsa-mir-103a-1, hsa-mir-199a-1, hsa-mir-148a, hsa-mir-147a, hsa-mir-34a, hsa-mir-182, hsa-mir-199a-2, hsa-mir-212, hsa-mir-221, hsa-mir-224, hsa-let-7g, hsa-let-7i, hsa-mir-27b, hsa-mir-30b, hsa-mir-125b-1, hsa-mir-130a, hsa-mir-132, hsa-mir-142, hsa-mir-145, hsa-mir-152, hsa-mir-153-1, hsa-mir-153-2, hsa-mir-125a, hsa-mir-125b-2, hsa-mir-127, hsa-mir-134, hsa-mir-200c, hsa-mir-106b, hsa-mir-361, hsa-mir-148b, hsa-mir-20b, hsa-mir-410, hsa-mir-202, hsa-mir-503, hsa-mir-33b, hsa-mir-643, hsa-mir-659, bta-let-7f-2, bta-mir-103-1, bta-mir-148a, bta-mir-21, bta-mir-221, bta-mir-26b, bta-mir-27a, bta-mir-99a, bta-mir-125a, bta-mir-125b-1, bta-mir-145, bta-mir-199a-1, bta-mir-27b, bta-mir-30b, bta-mir-31, bta-mir-127, bta-mir-142, bta-mir-20b, bta-let-7d, bta-mir-132, bta-mir-148b, bta-mir-200c, bta-mir-22, bta-mir-23a, bta-mir-29b-2, bta-mir-361, bta-let-7g, bta-mir-24-2, bta-let-7a-1, bta-let-7f-1, bta-let-7i, bta-mir-25, bta-let-7a-2, bta-let-7a-3, bta-let-7b, bta-let-7c, bta-let-7e, bta-mir-103-2, bta-mir-125b-2, bta-mir-34a, hsa-mir-708, hsa-mir-147b, hsa-mir-877, hsa-mir-940, hsa-mir-548j, hsa-mir-302e, hsa-mir-103b-1, hsa-mir-103b-2, bta-mir-100, bta-mir-106b, bta-mir-130a, bta-mir-134, bta-mir-147, bta-mir-152, bta-mir-153-1, bta-mir-153-2, bta-mir-182, bta-mir-24-1, bta-mir-199a-2, bta-mir-202, bta-mir-212, bta-mir-224, bta-mir-33b, bta-mir-410, bta-mir-708, bta-mir-877, bta-mir-940, bta-mir-29b-1, bta-mir-148c, bta-mir-503, bta-mir-148d
unst) TGF-beta signaling pathway miR-106b, −132, −148b-5p, −182, −212, −374a, −548j 1.75E-07 TGFBR2, TGFB2, SMAD2, SMAD3, SMAD4, BMPR2 Axon guidance miR-22-5p, −30b, −31, −33a-3p, −182, −132, −550a 2.85E-06 EFNB1, DCC, EPHB4, EPHA3, PLXNA1, PAK4 MAPK signaling pathway miR-30b, −106b, −132, −182, −212, −548j, −202-5p 6.43E-05 MAP3K1, MAP3K5, KRAS, MRAS, GRB2, FGF7 Endocytosis miR-33a-3p, −106b, −182, −374a, −374b, −202-5p 3.83E-04 RAB11FIP4, RAB11FIP2, EEA1, IGF1R, EPS15, EPN Colorectal cancer miR-30b, −33a-3p, −106b, −132, −212, −384, −494 5.94E-04 SOS1, FZD3, SMAD2, DCC, MAPK1, BAX Pathways in cancer miR-33a-3p, −107, −132, −212, −494, −495, −548j 5.95E-04 E2F1, FGF18, WNT16, FGF7, PTEN, MITF Wnt signaling pathway miR-132, −212, −33a-3p, −494, −940, −495, −548j, −107 6.73E-04 LRP5, LRP6, TCF7, PLCB4, DVL3, WNT1, WNT5A Neurotrophin signaling pathway miR-106b, −30b, −940, −182, −212, −107, 0.001267 PIK3R2, NTRK2, NTRK3, RPS6KA6, IRS1, RAC1 Oocyte meiosis miR-212, −132, −940, 495, −595, −107 0.003369 CDC27, CPEB1, PRKACB, FBXW11, MAPK1, RPS6KA3 GnRH signaling pathway miR-940, −495 0.007085 PRKCA, SRC, MAP3K2, MAPK14, GRB2, MAP3K3 Underexpressed miRNAs (Hyp vs. [score:3]
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[+] score: 2
Among the most down regulated miRNAs in frustrated larvae are rmi-miR-317, rmi-miR-315, rmi-miR-33, rmi-miR-87 and five tick-specific novel miRNAs including rmi-miR-5306, rmi-miR-5309, rmi-miR-5310, rmi-miR-5312 and rmi-miR-5314 (Table 4 and Additional file 8). [score:2]
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[+] score: 2
Other miRNAs from this paper: bta-mir-33b
The enrichment analysis performed for the highlighted among the top 10 significant terms, two related to the immune response (complement activation, classical pathway, complement and coagulation cascades), two related to overall lipid-metabolism (adipogenesis, SREBF, and miR33 in cholesterol and lipid homeostasis), and others related to skeleton and reproductive physiology (regulation of actin cytoskeleton, and myometrial relaxation and contraction pathways). [score:2]
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[+] score: 1
In addition, miR-33a, miR-21, miR-23a, miR-877 have also been reported to affect triglyceride production and apoptosis of MECs [10]. [score:1]
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